nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2019‒09‒16
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Using your ties to get a worse job? The differential effects of social networks on quality of employment in Colombia By Thibaud Deguilhem; Jean-Philippe Berrou; François Combarnous
  2. The effects of business accelerators on venture performance: evidence from start-up Chile By Gonzalez-Uribe, Juanita; Leatherbee, Michael

  1. By: Thibaud Deguilhem (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Jean-Philippe Berrou (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LAM - Les Afriques dans le monde - Sciences Po - Sciences Po - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); François Combarnous (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This article examines the effect of social networks (SNW) by investigating how mobilizing family, friendship or kindship ties in job searches affects the quality of employment (QoE) using quantitative and qualitative data. Drawing from socioeconomic literature on the segmented labor market, the authors propose an original and multidimensional measure of job quality and a fruitful estimation of the effect of SNW on QoE that allows for dealing with complex inter-groups heterogeneity. Using the Great Integrated Household Survey and a sample on Bogota's workers in 2013, they provide empirical support that the use of ties is negatively correlated with the QoE for those who are vulnerable. Likewise, the use of social relations is not significant for protected workers. Complemented by focus groups interviews, these results raise questions about the difference prevailing in relational practices between necessity networks for precarious workers and opportunity networks for protected workers in the Colombian capital.
    Keywords: Social networks,quality of employment,finite mixture regression model,Colombia
    Date: 2019–07–17
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-02276337&r=all
  2. By: Gonzalez-Uribe, Juanita; Leatherbee, Michael
    Abstract: Do business accelerators affect new venture performance? We investigate this question in the context of Start-Up Chile, an ecosystem accelerator. We focus on two treatment conditions typically found in business accelerators: basic services of funding and coworking space, and additional entrepreneurship schooling. Using a regression discontinuity design, we show that schooling bundled with basic services can significantly increase new venture performance. In contrast, we find no evidence that basic services affect performance on their own. Our results are most relevant for ecosystem accelerators that attract young and early-stage businesses and suggest that entrepreneurial capital matters in new ventures.
    JEL: N0 R14 J01
    Date: 2018–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ehl:lserod:84553&r=all

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