nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2019‒09‒02
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Parental Beliefs, Investments, and Child Development: Evidence from a Large-Scale Experiment By Pedro Carneiro; Emanuela Galasso; Italo Lopez Garcia; Paula Bedregal; Miguel Cordero
  2. Neighborhoods, Social Class, and Reciprocity: Evidence Using Representative Artefactual Data from Latin America By Arlette Beltrán; Alberto Chong; Mariano Montoya
  3. El futuro verde de la electricidad: los casos de Uruguay y la Unión Europea By Diego Aboa; Manuel Garcia Goñi; Martin Pereyra; Luis Rubalcaba; Gonzalo Zunino

  1. By: Pedro Carneiro; Emanuela Galasso; Italo Lopez Garcia; Paula Bedregal; Miguel Cordero
    Abstract: This paper experimentally estimates medium term impacts of a large-scale and low-cost parenting program targeting poor families in Chile. Households in 162 public health centers were randomly assigned to three groups: a control group, a second group that was offered eight weekly group parenting sessions, and a third group that was offered the same eight group sessions plus two sessions of guided interactions between parents and children focused on responsive play and dialogic reading. In spite of its short duration and intensity, three years after the end of the intervention, the receptive vocabulary and the socio-emotional development of children of families participating in either of the treatment arms improved (by 0.43 and 0.54 standard deviation, respectively) relative to children of nonparticipating families. The treatments also led to improvements in home environments and parenting behaviors of comparable magnitudes, which far outlasted the short duration of the intervention.
    Keywords: parenting, early childhood development
    JEL: H43 I10 I20 I38
    Date: 2019–08
  2. By: Arlette Beltrán (Universidad del Pacifico, Peru); Alberto Chong (Department of Economics, Georgia State University, USA); Mariano Montoya (Universidad del Pacifico, Peru)
    Abstract: We study if urban class segregation destroys social capital in Latin America using experimental data that are representative for six Latin American cities. In particular, we focus on whether belonging to upper class neighborhoods impacts reciprocity in a standard trust game. While our overall results confirm a negative association between these two variables, we also find that trusting behavior can help counteract the negative impact of class.
    Date: 2019–08
  3. By: Diego Aboa (Universidad ORT Uruguay. Universidad de la República de Uruguay.); Manuel Garcia Goñi (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.); Martin Pereyra (Universidad ORT Uruguay.); Luis Rubalcaba (Universidad de Alcalá.); Gonzalo Zunino (Universidad de la República de Uruguay.)
    Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es entender los cambios de política y regulación en Uruguay y la Unión Europea que llevaron a la adopción de fuentes de energía renovable no convencionales en un corto período de tiempo. Uruguay es uno de los 3 países del mundo con más del 90% de la electricidad proveniente de fuentes renovables (98% en Uruguay) y donde las renovables no convencionales aportan una contribución significativa. Uruguay también ha lanzado recientemente la primera ruta eléctrica de América Latina, con 500 km y estaciones de carga a intervalos de 60 km. La Unión Europea es una referencia internacional en la promoción del crecimiento económico sostenible y del desarrollo sostenible. Por lo tanto, también examinaremos la experiencia de la Unión Europea en el desarrollo de una agenda verde en la que las fuentes de energía renovables son una parte fundamental.
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to understand the policy and regulation changes in Uruguay and the European Union that led to the adoption of non-conventional renewable sources of energy in a short time span. Uruguay is one of only 3 countries in the world with more tan 90% of the electricity coming from renewable sources (98% in Uruguay) and where nonconventional renewables provide a significant contribution to it. Uruguay has also recently launched the first electric route in Latin America, with 500 Km and charging stations at 60 Km intervals. The European Union is an international reference in the promotion of sustainable economic growth and sustainable development. Therefore, we will also look at the experience of the European Union in the development of a green agenda where renewable sources of energy are a fundamental part of it.
    Keywords: Electricidad; Fuentes de energía renovables no convencionales; Política energética; Regulación energética; Uruguay; Unión Europea.; Electricity; Non-conventional Renewable Sources of Energy; Energy Policy; Energy Regulation; Uruguay; European Union.
    JEL: I31 Q51
    Date: 2019

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