nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2019‒01‒28
three papers chosen by

  1. Learning Spillovers in Conditional Welfare Programs: Evidence from Brazil By Fernanda Brollo; Katja Maria Kaufmann; Eliana La Ferrara
  2. Is there a Latin American agricultural growth pattern? Factor endowments and productivity in the second half of the twentieth century By Miguel Martín-Retortillo; Vicente Pinilla; Jackeline Velazco; Henry Willebald
  3. Who Creates Stable Jobs? Evidence from Brazil By Brummund, Peter; Connolly, Laura

  1. By: Fernanda Brollo; Katja Maria Kaufmann; Eliana La Ferrara
    Abstract: We study spillovers in learning about the enforcement of Bolsa Familia, a program conditioning benefits on children’s school attendance. Using original administrative data, we find that individuals’ compliance responds to penalties incurred by their classmates and by siblings’ classmates (in other grades/schools). As the severity of penalties increases with repeated noncompliance, the response is larger when peers are punished for “higher stages†than the family’s, consistent with learning. Individuals also respond to penalties experienced by neighbors who are exogenously scheduled to receive notices on the same day. Our results point to important social multiplier effects of enforcement via learning.
    Date: 2018–11
  2. By: Miguel Martín-Retortillo (Universidad de Alcalá); Vicente Pinilla (Universidad de Zaragoza and Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2)); Jackeline Velazco (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú); Henry Willebald (Universidad de la República)
    Abstract: In this article we discuss whether there was a single Latin American pattern of agricultural growth between 1950 and 2008. We analyse the sources of growth of agricultural production and productivity in ten Latin American countries. Our results show that the differences between these countries are too strong to establish a single pattern for this region. However, certain common trends may be observed, such as the growing importance of labour productivity to explain agricultural production growth and the increasing importance of TFP to explain agricultural labour productivity growth.
    Keywords: Latin American Economic History, Latin American Agriculture, Agricultural Productivity, Agricultural Growth, Total Factor Productivity
    JEL: N56 Q10 Q11
    Date: 2019–01
  3. By: Brummund, Peter (University of Alabama); Connolly, Laura (University of Alabama)
    Abstract: Recent research shows that start-ups are important for job creation, but these firms are also inherently volatile. We use linked employer-employee data to examine the relative importance of firm age and firm size for job creation and destruction in Brazil. Firm age is a more important determinant of job creation in Brazil than firm size; young firms and start-ups create a relatively high number of jobs. However, young firms are also more likely to exit the market and have higher levels of employment volatility. We, therefore, condition the job creation analysis on job stability. Young firms and large firms create relatively more stable jobs in Brazil.
    Keywords: job creation, job stability, Brazilian labor market
    JEL: L25 J23 J63
    Date: 2018–11

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