nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2018‒01‒08
four papers chosen by

  1. The long(er)-term impacts of Chile Solidario on human capital and labour income By Guido Neidhöfer; Miguel Niño-Zarazúa
  2. Inequality in Brazil: A Regional Perspective By Carlos Góes; Izabela Karpowicz
  3. Good practices in using partnerships for the delivery of employment services in Colombia By Avila, Zulum.
  4. Minimum Age Regulation and Child Labor: New Evidence from Brazil By Olivier Bargain; Delphine Boutin

  1. By: Guido Neidhöfer; Miguel Niño-Zarazúa
    Abstract: This paper examines Chile Solidario, a social protection programme that provides poor households in Chile with preferential access to a conditional cash transfer programme designed to facilitate investments in children’s health and education. We assess the programme’s longer-term impact on educational attainment and labour income at ages 25–28. Overall, Chile Solidario has a positive and long-lasting effect, albeit with significant impact heterogeneity. The effects on educational attainment are similar for women and men, and for indigenous and non-indigenous people, but the effects on labour income are driven by men and non-indigenous people. The impact on labour income is not significantly different from zero for women with children, but is positive and significant for women without children. The effects on both education and labour income are concentrated in urban areas. Our results indicate that the impact of Chile Solidario depends on societal and structural factors underpinning labour markets in Chile.
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Carlos Góes; Izabela Karpowicz
    Abstract: In this study, we document the decline in income inequality and a convergence in consumption patterns in Brazilian states in a new database constructed from micro data from the national households’ survey. We adjust the state-Gini coefficients for spatial price differences using information on households’ rental prices available in the survey. In a panel regression framework, we find that labor income growth, formalization, and schooling contributed to the decline in inequality during 2004-14, but redistributive policies, such as Bolsa Família, have also played a positive role. Going forward, it will be important to phase out untargeted subsidies, such as public spending on tertiary education, and contain growth of public sector wages, to improve budgetary efficiency and protect gains in equality.
    Date: 2017–10–31
  3. By: Avila, Zulum.
    Abstract: This paper explores the mechanisms and preconditions that are contributing to successful partnerships in delivering employment services and active labour market interventions in Colombia. Such partnerships in the Colombian context are pursuing three main objectives: (1) to expand service provision and optimize service coverage; (2) to adapt service provision to local labour market needs; and (3) to improve service delivery to target groups facing barriers to employment. The paper also presents three case studies which cast light on the key factors that prompt the formation of partnerships and the ways in which the challenges of working in cooperation have been addressed. The analysis also aims to establish whether there are transferable lessons that could be replicated by other members of Colombia’s Network of Employment Services Providers in other municipalities or economic sectors within the country.
    Keywords: 1, 2, 3, 4
    Date: 2017
  4. By: Olivier Bargain (Larefi - Laboratoire d'analyse et de recherche en économie et finance internationales - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4); Delphine Boutin (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - Clermont Auvergne - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Date: 2017–11–07

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