nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2016‒06‒18
five papers chosen by

  1. Gone with the wind: demographic transitions and domestic saving By Eduardo Cavallo; Gabriel Sánchez; Patricio Valenzuela
  2. The political economy of clean energy transitions at sub-national level Understanding the role of international climate regimes in energy policy in two Brazilian states By Jose de Oliveira; Celio Andrade
  3. Climate and Cropping Patterns in Brazil By Brusberg, Mark D.
  4. Implementing the capability approach with respect for individual valuations: an illustration with Colombian data By Koen Decancq; Erik Schokkaert; Blanca Zuluaga
  5. Logistics Observatory for Chile: Strengthening Policies for Competitiveness By OECD

  1. By: Eduardo Cavallo; Gabriel Sánchez; Patricio Valenzuela
    Abstract: This study explores the relationship between demographic factors and saving rates using a panel dataset covering 110 countries between 1963 and 2012. In line with predictions from theory, this paper finds that lower dependency rates and greater longevity increase domestic saving rates. However, these effects are statistically robust only in Asia. In particular, Latin America, which is a region that has undergone a remarkably similar demographic transition, did not experience the same boost in saving rates as Asia. The paper highlights that the potential dividends arising from a favorable demographic transition are not automatically accrued. This is a sobering message at a time when the demographic tide is shifting in the world. JEL classifications: E21; J10;O16. Key words: Keywords: Demographic dividend, Dependency rates, Saving rates
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Jose de Oliveira; Celio Andrade
    Abstract: This paper examines the political economy aspects, particularly the influence of the Clean Development Mechanism, in clean energy and climate change policies in the states of Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. The different mechanisms for responding to climate change are financing opportunities in some of the .green. industries, but the results show a gap between the initial objectives of global policies and their results.The research identified pitfalls and opportunities for new strategies and mechanisms for boosting clean energy in Brazil and the role that the Clean Development Mechanism and future mechanisms can play in the political economy of clean energy transitions. The paper concludes with a discussion on the lessons learned from experience of the Clean Development Mechanism and its implications for the future of the Paris Agreement.
    Keywords: Climatic changes, Renewable energy sources, Sustainable development
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Brusberg, Mark D.
    Keywords: Environmental Economics and Policy, International Development,
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Koen Decancq; Erik Schokkaert; Blanca Zuluaga
    Abstract: In many applications of the capability approach it is necessary to rank individuals with respect to their well-being. This raises the diââ¬âcult question of how to select the weights to be attached to the relevant functionings or capabilities. We explore the possibility of using individual valuations to set these weights and we propose the equivalent income measure as a specific well-being measure that is consistent with these individual valuations. We discuss its implementation and compare the results to four alternative well-being measures based on Colombian data for 2008: income, subjective well-being, the official SISBEN index, and the Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (CMPI). We find that there is remarkably little overlap between the different measures. The different well-being measures identify different individuals as worst-off. This finding highlights the empirical relevance of the selection of the well-being measure when implementing the capability approach.
    Date: 2016–06
  5. By: OECD
    Abstract: High quality logistics is a key for the economic performance of any country. Well-functioning logistics both domestically and internationally is a necessary precondition of national competitiveness. As an open economy, Chile relies heavily on trade for its economic growth. Lower transport and logistics costs as well as effective coordination between operators and public and private sector would improve Chile’s competitiveness, boost exports and diversify production and trade patterns.
    Date: 2016–02–01

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