nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2016‒06‒14
four papers chosen by

  1. Estimating the Effects of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) on Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) By Diego A. Cerdeiro
  2. Assessment of Barriers and Opportunities for Renewable Energy Development in Chile By Claudio Agostini; Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
  3. Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil By Koppensteiner, Martin; Manacorda, Marco
  4. Analyzing sugarcane production contracts in Brazil: What do the farmers really want? By Sant'Anna, Ana Claudia; Bergtold, Jason; Caldas, Marcellus; Granco, Gabriel

  1. By: Diego A. Cerdeiro
    Abstract: In February 2016, twelve Pacific Rim countries signed the agreement on the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), one of the largest and most comprehensive trade deals in history. While there are several estimates of the likely effects of the TPP, there is no systematic study on the effects on all Latin American countries. We present the results from applying a multi-sector model with perfect competition presented by Costinot and Rodriguez-Clare (2014). The exercise, based on input-output data for 189 countries and 26 sectors, shows that (i) Asian TPP members are estimated to benefit most from the agreement, (ii) negative spillovers to non-TPP LAC countries appear to be of a different order of magnitude than the gains of members, and (iii) some non-TPP LAC countries may experience relatively large benefits from joining the TPP. As a cautionary note, however, we point out that even a cursory cross-study comparison shows that there is considerable uncertainty regarding the potential effects of the TPP for both members and non-members.
    Date: 2016–05–23
  2. By: Claudio Agostini (Escuela de Gobierno, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez); Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
    Date: 2015–05
  3. By: Koppensteiner, Martin; Manacorda, Marco
    Abstract: This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics on births and deaths between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence - measured by homicide rates - on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found both in small municipalities, where homicides are rare, and in large municipalities, where violence is endemic, and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.
    Keywords: Birth Outcomes; Birthweight; Brazil.; Homicides; Stress
    JEL: I12 I15 I39 J13 K42
    Date: 2016–05
  4. By: Sant'Anna, Ana Claudia; Bergtold, Jason; Caldas, Marcellus; Granco, Gabriel
    Keywords: Ethanol production, stated choice experiment, contract preferences, Agribusiness, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy, O13, D86,
    Date: 2016

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