nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2016‒05‒14
four papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. "Measuring Poverty in the Case of Buenos Aires: Why Time Deficits Matter" By Rania Antonopoulos; Valeria Esquivel; Thomas Masterson; Ajit Zacharias
  2. Descomposición del Gini por fuentes de ingreso: Evidencia empírica para Argentina 2003-2013 By María Pilar Castrosin; Lucila Venturi Grosso
  3. Fiscal condition of the public sector in Brazil: an analysis with an emphasis on the states in the North and Northeast regions of the country and on financing for rural development By Rodrigo Octávio Orair; Sergio Wulf Gobetti; André Amorim Alencar; João Marcelo
  4. Determinantes del salario en Chile. Un análisis desde el paradigma de la reproducción social. By Luis Miguel Rodrigo

  1. By: Rania Antonopoulos; Valeria Esquivel; Thomas Masterson; Ajit Zacharias
    Abstract: We describe the production of estimates of the Levy Institute Measure of Time and Income Poverty (LIMTIP) for Buenos Aires, Argentina, and use it to analyze the incidence of time and income poverty. We find high numbers of hidden poor--those who are not poor according to the official measure but are found to be poor when using our time-adjusted poverty line. Large time deficits for those living just above the official poverty line are the reason for this hidden poverty. Time deficits are unevenly distributed by employment status, family type, and especially gender. Simulations of the impact of full-time employment on those households with nonworking (for pay) adults indicate that reductions in income poverty can be achieved, but at the cost of increased time poverty. Policy interventions that address the lack of both income and time are discussed.
    Keywords: Income Poverty; Economic Well-Being; Employment Policy; Fiscal Policy; Gender Disparities; Household Production; Levy Institute Measure of Time and Income Poverty (LIMTIP); Time Deficits; Argentina; Unpaid Work
    JEL: C14 C40 D31 J22
    Date: 2016–05
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:lev:wrkpap:wp_865&r=lam
  2. By: María Pilar Castrosin (CEDLAS - UNLP); Lucila Venturi Grosso (CEDLAS - UNLP)
    Abstract: El ingreso de un hogar está compuesto por varias partidas no mutuamente excluyentes que afectan la desigualdad del ingreso per cápita familiar. Por ello, este trabajo realiza una descomposición del coeficiente de Gini por fuentes de ingreso para Argentina durante el período 2003-2013, utilizando la metodología de Lerman y Yitzhaki (1985). Se encuentra que el ingreso laboral primario representa el 75% del ingreso total y aporta 75.42% a la desigualdad total. Por su parte, el ingreso laboral secundario aporta 6,13%; las jubilaciones y pensiones, 12.54%; las transferencias, -1.10%; y los ingresos de capital, 2.88%.
    JEL: D3 D6
    Date: 2016–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dls:wpaper:0197&r=lam
  3. By: Rodrigo Octávio Orair (IPC-IG); Sergio Wulf Gobetti (IPC-IG); André Amorim Alencar (IPC-IG); João Marcelo (IPC-IG)
    Abstract: "The goal of this study is to evaluate the fiscal condition of the Brazilian public sector, focusing on the situation of state governments in the North and Northeast regions of the country and on international financing for rural development. The paper comprises six sections, including this introduction. Section 2 presents a broader view of the fiscal condition of the public sector, featuring consolidated fiscal indicators from each of the three government levels (central, state and municipal). The analysis allows for the identification of tendencies in public finances from an aggregate and, therefore, non-detailed perspective."
    Keywords: fiscal condition, public sector, Brazil, analysis, North region, Northeast region, financing, rural development
    Date: 2016–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipc:wpaper:140&r=lam
  4. By: Luis Miguel Rodrigo (Departamento de Economia, Universidad Catolica del Norte)
    Abstract: Frente al paradigma económico neoclásico, hegemónico en la explicación del salario, se presenta el paradigma sociológico de la Reproducción Social, a partir de la obra de Pierre Bourdieu, para dar cuenta de la diferencia salarial en Chile. Después de exponer y comparar ambos paradigmas teóricos, se describe el caso de estudio, destacando las peculiaridades del modelo neoliberal chileno. Para comparar la capacidad explicativa de ambos enfoques, se estima el salario de los chilenos mediante la encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional 2009 (CASEN) a partir de dos modelos estadísticos, el modelo neoclásico basado en las ecuaciones de Mincer y un modelo que trata de capturar empíricamente los factores explicativos propios del paradigma de la Reproducción Social. Los resultados indican que, en el caso de Chile, el modelo Reproductivo tiene mayor capacidad explicativa que el Neoclásico, tanto para el conjunto de los asalariados, como para cada una de las generaciones que lo componen.
    Keywords: Bourdieu; Modelo Reproductivo; Sociología económica; Teoría Neoclásica.
    Date: 2016–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201604&r=lam

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