nep-acc New Economics Papers
on Accounting and Auditing
Issue of 2020‒04‒27
four papers chosen by
Alexander Harin
Modern University for the Humanities

  1. Tax effort in Sub-Saharan African countries : evidence from a new dataset By Emilie Caldeira; Ali Compaoré; Alou Dama; Mario Mansour; Grégoire Rota-Graziosi
  2. R&D investment under financing constraints By Giebel, Marek; Kraft, Kornelius
  3. R&D or R vs. D? Firm Innovation Strategy and Equity Ownership By James Driver; Adam Kolasinski; Jared Stanfield
  4. Дахаева Фатима Дикалитовна (2020) Бухгалтерский учет в контексте экономической безопасности компании //FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (ICFARS) March 2020: сб.науч.тр./ RELF Group&OEAPS Inc.; редкол.: Флора Бертран (отв.ред.) [и др.]. - Берлин, Германия : OEAPS Inc., 2020. - C. 46-49. By Дахаева, Фатима Дикалитовна; , OEAPS

  1. By: Emilie Caldeira (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - Clermont Auvergne - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Ali Compaoré (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - Clermont Auvergne - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Alou Dama (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - Clermont Auvergne - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Mario Mansour (International Monetary Fund (IMF)); Grégoire Rota-Graziosi (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - Clermont Auvergne - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This paper proposes (i) a new database of tax revenue for 42 Sub-Saharan African countries (SSA) over the period 1980-2015, (ii) an estimate of tax effort for these countries, and (iii) some replication analyses of previous tax effort estimations. The database results from statistical information of the African Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In particular, it allows distinguishing tax revenue from the natural resource sector from the other economic sectors. SSA countries collected on average 13.2 percent of GDP in non-resource tax revenue over the studied period and their average estimated tax effort is 0.58. In other words, SSA countries could raise 22.75 percent of GDP in non-resource taxes if they fully used their potential. In line with previous analyses, we find that countries' stage of development measured by per-capita income, financial development, and trade openness are important factors improving tax revenue in the region, while natural resource endowment and the importance of the agriculture sector reduce unambiguously the non-resource tax-to-GDP ratio. Finally, beyond the originality of the database itself and the empirical results, this work participates explicitly to the replication principle given its online development with R software (https://data.cerdi.uca.fr/taxeffort/).
    Keywords: Tax effort,Sub-Saharan Africa,Stochastic frontier analysis
    Date: 2020–04–15
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02543162&r=all
  2. By: Giebel, Marek; Kraft, Kornelius
    Abstract: This paper tests for the sensitivity of R&D to financing constraints conditional on restrictions in external financing. Financing constraints of firms are identified by an exogenously calculated rating index. Restrictions in external financing are determined by (i) the specific time period (crisis vs. non-crisis) and (ii) the balance sheet strength of the firm's main bank in terms of bank capital. Results of difference-in-differences estimations utilizing three time periods: 2002-2006 (pre-crisis) 2007-2009 (crisis) and 2010-2012 (post-crisis) support the theoretical prediction that financing constraints affect R&D. Moreover, we find that the effect of firm financing constraints is more intense (i) in times of stress on financial markets and (ii) when the firm faces restrictions in external financing. Additionally, our results indicate that on average the effect does not persist over time.
    Keywords: R&D investment,financing constraints,credit rating,financial crisis,bank capital,external financing of innovation
    JEL: G01 G21 G24 G30 O16 O30 O31 O32
    Date: 2020
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:zewdip:20018&r=all
  3. By: James Driver; Adam Kolasinski; Jared Stanfield
    Abstract: We analyze a unique dataset that separately reports research and development expenditures for a large panel of public and private firms. Definitions of “research” and “development” in this dataset, respectively, correspond to definitions of knowledge “exploration” and “exploitation” in the innovation theory literature. We can thus test theories of how equity ownership status relates to innovation strategy. We find that public firms have greater research intensity than private firms, inconsistent with theories asserting private ownership is more conducive to exploration. We also find public firms invest more intensely in innovation of all sorts. These results suggest relaxed financing constraints enjoyed by public firms, as well as their diversified shareholder bases, make them more conducive to investing in all types of innovation. Reconciling several seemingly conflicting results in prior research, we find private-equity-owned firms, though not less innovative overall than other private firms, skew their innovation strategies toward development and away from research.
    Date: 2020–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:cen:wpaper:20-14&r=all
  4. By: Дахаева, Фатима Дикалитовна; , OEAPS
    Abstract: В статье рассматриваются особенности организации бухгалтерского учета в части обеспечения экономической безопасности компании, отмечается важнейшая роль руководства в вопросах организации эффективного взаимодействия структурных подразделений в целях обеспечения экономической безопасности.
    Date: 2020–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:osf:osfxxx:bjucy&r=all

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