nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2022‒06‒13
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. "Airbnb in the City" : assessing short-term rental regulation in Bordeaux By Calum Robertson; Sylvain Dejean; Raphaël Suire
  2. Critical approach to tourism and nature conservation strategies: the case of the wilaya of El Tarf, Algeria By Pierre Pech; Imene Diaf

  1. By: Calum Robertson (CEREGE - CEntre de REcherche en GEstion - EA 1722 - IAE Poitiers - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - ULR - La Rochelle Université); Sylvain Dejean (CEREGE - CEntre de REcherche en GEstion - EA 1722 - IAE Poitiers - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - ULR - La Rochelle Université); Raphaël Suire (Nantes Univ - IAE Nantes - Nantes Université - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Nantes - Nantes Université - pôle Sociétés - Nantes Univ - Nantes Université)
    Abstract: Short-term rental platforms, led by Airbnb, have disrupted the tourism accommodation industry over the last decade. This disruption has sometimes come along with unwanted long lasting effects on the urban dynamics of cities, and it has encouraged policy-makers to intervene. However, little is known about how effective such interventions are. This paper empirically evaluates the impact Bordeaux's regulation has had on STR activity through both a Differences-indifferences and a spatial discontinuity design. We find that regulation has had a reductive effect of over 316 rented days per month per district on average. This equates to over half of a preregulation standard deviation and 27 thousand nights spent per month in STRs across the city. However, the city's attempts to limit activity stemming from commercial listings yields mixed results as compliant homesharing listings also seem to have modified their behaviour. Additionally, analysis at the city border points towards the existence of potential spillover effects on the suburbs, further paving the way for discussion about the effectiveness of one-size-fits-all STR policy design.
    Keywords: Housing,Spatial Discontinuity,Tourism,Short-term rental,Airbnb,Regulation,Differences-indifferences
    Date: 2022–03–28
  2. By: Pierre Pech (LADYSS - Laboratoire Dynamiques Sociales et Recomposition des Espaces - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - UP8 - Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - UPD7 - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Imene Diaf
    Abstract: As the world's leading industrial and economic activity, tourism is considered a highly predatory sector in terms of resources, energy, and water, a major polluter and producer of mass waste and impacts on biodiversity. Yet tourism development models are investing in protected areas. The Mediterranean area is the world's leading tourist destination. All types of tourism concentrate all forms of infrastructure, including the models which have emerged there such as marbelisation. In addition, the Mediterranean basin is recognized as a biodiversity hotspot. Algeria fits into this scheme. The study of the National Park of El Kala, situated in the North-East of Algeria, reveals the maintenance of a dual approach between tourist projects and the strict protection of its natural environments. Tourism and nature conservation strategies are approached critically. This reveals the political stakes of the dual approach of these two strategies in Algeria.
    Abstract: Première activité industrielle et économique au monde, le tourisme est considéré comme un secteur très prédateur en ressources, en énergie, en eau, très gros pollueur et producteur de déchets de masse et d'effets négatifs sur la biodiversité. Pourtant des modèles de développement touristique investissent des aires protégées. L'aire méditerranéenne est le premier foyer mondial de fréquentation touristique. Tous les types de tourismes concentrent toutes les formes d'infrastructures, y compris les modèles qui y sont nés comme la marbellisation. En outre, le bassin méditerranéen est reconnu comme étant un point chaud de la biodiversité. L'Algérie s'inscrit dans ce schéma. L'étude du parc national d'El Kala, situé au nord-est de l'Algérie, est révélatrice du maintien d'une approche duale, entre projets touristiques et protection stricte de ses milieux naturels. Les stratégies touristiques et de conservation de la nature sont abordées selon une approche critique. Celle-ci révèle les enjeux politiques de l'approche duale de ces deux stratégies en Algérie.
    Keywords: sustainable tourism,protected area,local development,socio-ecosystem
    Date: 2022–01–05

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