nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2022‒05‒09
six papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  3. Developing the Philippine Blue Economy: Opportunities and Challenges in the Ocean Tourism Sector By Zafra, Maria Angela G.
  4. Operationalising marine tourism levies to cover the opportunity costs of conservation for coastal communities By Booth, Hollie; Mourato, Susana; Milner-Gulland, E.J.
  5. Smart destination management driven by emotions and small data By Nathalie Fabry; Sylvain Zeghni
  6. The Significance of Tourism Attraction and Social Media Promotion on The Interest of Return Visit By Hermawan, Hary; , Santosa; Sinangjoyo, Nikasius Jonet

  1. By: Nicholas M. Odhiambo
    Abstract: In this study, the impact of tourism development on poverty alleviation is examined using panel data from 32 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries during the period 2005-2014. Two indicators of tourism development are used, namely tourist arrivals and tourism revenue. In addition, four control variables have been used, namely economic growth, trade, the rule of law, and income inequality (measured by the Gini coefficient, the Atkinson index and the Palma ratio), thereby leading to three separate specifications for each tourism development proxy. Using the generalized method of moments (GMM) regression analysis, the study found that the impact of tourism development on poverty alleviation is not unanimous. When the number of tourist arrivals is used as a proxy, the results show that an increase in tourism development consistently leads to an increase in household welfare; hence, a decrease in poverty, irrespective of the specification used. However, when tourism revenue is used as a proxy, no significant impact of tourism development on household welfare is found to exist, irrespective of the model specification used. The results also show that income inequality has a clear negative impact on household welfare in SSA countries, while economic growth and the rule of law have a distinct positive effect.
  2. By: Nicholas M. Odhiambo; Talknice Saungweme
    Abstract: In this study, the relationship between tourism development and trade in 12 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries is examined during the period 1995-2019. Three proxies of trade are used, namely the total trade, total exports, and total imports of goods and services to examine this linkage, thereby leading to three separate model specifications. A wide range of modern econometric techniques were also employed to examine the relationship between the various proxies of trade and tourist arrivals. These include i) cross-sectional dependence tests based on Breusch-Pagan (1980) LM, Pesaran (2004) scaled LM, Baltagi et al. (2012) bias-corrected scaled LM, and Pesaran (2004) CD; ii) a slope homogeneity test based on Pesaran and Yamagata (2008); iii) an ECM panel cointegration test based on Westerlund (2007); and iv) a heterogeneous panel causality model based on Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012), among others. Using the dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) and the fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS), the study found that, overall, international tourism has a positive and significant impact on trade in SSA countries. This finding is also corroborated by the heterogeneous Granger causality test, which found a distinct unidirectional causal flow from international tourism arrivals to trade. The study, therefore, recommends that SSA countries should implement policies aimed at promoting international tourism in order to increase their international trade and boost their overall trade balance.
  3. By: Zafra, Maria Angela G. (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Ocean tourism contributes significantly to the economy of the Philippines, an archipelagic nation with one of the longest coastlines in the world and one of the best marine environments in terms of biodiversity. We explore how ocean tourism and economic development intertwine in archipelagic nations, examining national statistical data on tourism and economic development in the Philippines over the last several years. Furthermore, we discuss the policy landscape and identify the enabling and disabling factors for the development of ocean tourism in the Philippines. We show how inclusive models can be a catalyst for sustainable tourism through a case analysis of El Nido Resorts, a tourism enterprise operating luxury resorts within the protected area of El Nido, Palawan. We also discuss recommendations of practical policy relevance based on the opportunities and challenges of sustainable ocean tourism in the Philippines.
    Keywords: ocean; tourism; blue economy; development
    JEL: L80 M20 O10 Q50 Z30
    Date: 2021–12
  4. By: Booth, Hollie (University of Oxford); Mourato, Susana (London School of Economics and Political Science); Milner-Gulland, E.J.
    Abstract: Marine tourism is promoted as a substitute economic activity to unsustainable fishing, which is compatible with conservation. However, benefits of marine tourism do not typically accrue in small-scale fisheries (SSFs), which often bear the costs of conservation; they accrue to tourists and to tourist-focussed businesses. We explored how marine tourism levies could operationalise the beneficiary-pays principle and address these cost-benefit inequities using an online contingent valuation (CV) survey to measure international tourists’ willingness-to-pay (WTP) towards community-based shark conservation (N = 1,033). Levies were widely supported (96%), with a median and Turnbull mean WTP of US$ 10-14.99 and $22.02 per person per day, respectively. We combined these results with field data from two marine tourism hotspots in Indonesia – Lombok and Pulau Weh - to explore the feasibility of implementing tourism levies to incentivise pro-conservation behaviour in local SSFs. Our conservative estimates indicate that conservation levies in Lombok and Pulau Weh could respectively generate US$ 2.3 –10 million and US$ 300,000 – 1.3 million annually – several times greater than the estimated costs of conservation incentives in local SSFs. The marine tourism industry offers an under-utilised revenue stream for marine conservation, which could support policy aspirations such as ‘a sustainable and equitable blue economy’.
    Date: 2022–04–06
  5. By: Nathalie Fabry (DICEN-IDF - Dispositifs d'Information et de Communication à l'Ère du Numérique - Paris Île-de-France - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM] - HESAM - HESAM Université - Université Gustave Eiffel); Sylvain Zeghni (LVMT - Laboratoire Ville, Mobilité, Transport - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - Université Gustave Eiffel)
    Date: 2022–01–25
  6. By: Hermawan, Hary (Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata AMPTA Yogyakarta, Indonesia); , Santosa; Sinangjoyo, Nikasius Jonet
    Abstract: The interest in a return visit in the tourism sector business is the most important factor. Tourist destinations that have unique attractions and promotions that are always maximized will influence tourists to return to visit those tourist attractions. The purpose of this article was to analyze the influence of tourist attraction and social media promotion on the tourists’ interest in returning visit to the Umbul Ponggok Klaten. The method applied in this research is quantitative with multiple linear regression approach. Primary data in this study were obtained through questionnaires and observation, while secondary data was obtained through literature study and documentation. The sample in this study by purposive sampling was 100 respondents who were Instagram and Facebook users and they have visited Umbul Ponggok at least once, and their age are about 17 years old and above. The results of this study show that tourist attraction and social media promotion have significance on return interest. As for the partial test the tourist attraction has a positive and significant effect on the return visit. While social media promotion has a negative and insignificant effect on interest in returning, the tourist attraction dominates more than the social media promotion.
    Date: 2022–03–28

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