nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2022‒05‒02
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Resources Based View in Destination Image and Tourist Attitude Influence on Tourist Intention through Tourist Satisfaction to Visit Cultural Heritage in Indonesia By Zulkarnain Siregar
  2. Addressing Marine Litter Through Sustainable Tourism: The Case of the Siargao Islands in the Southern Philippines By Serrona, Kevin Roy B.; Yu, Jeongsoo; Camarin, Mary Jean A.

  1. By: Zulkarnain Siregar (Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-2-Name: Nurul Wardani Lubis Author-2-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-3-Name: La Ane Author-3-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-4-Name: Armin Rahmansyah Nasution Author-4-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: "Purpose - North Sumatera is one province in Indonesia functioning as a gate for ASEAN countries. It's an advantage of North Sumatera to be one of the tourist destinations for its cultural heritage. This study aims to know whether tourists' intention can be created to visit the existing cultural heritage in North Sumatera by applying a resource-based view to the destination image. After that the variable destination image, tourist attitude, and tourist satisfaction in affecting Tourist Intention. Methodology - This research is testing the ability of destination image, tourist attitude, and tourist satisfaction in affecting Tourist Intention. The competitive advantage of tourism sites can create tourist intentions. The research is using questionnaires arranged by Likert scale. The research sample is taken by an accidental sampling method. The data is then processed by Partial Least Square (PLS). Findings - This research found, with applying RBV into destination image has a connection to tourist attitude, tourist intention, and tourist satisfaction. For the variable tourist, attitude is influenced by tourist satisfaction, but tourist attitude does not have an impact on tourist intention. And tourist satisfaction has a relation to the tourist intention variable. Novelty - Destination images in previous research have two aspects i.e tangible and intangible. Tangible refers to physical evidence and intangible show to the psychological aspect. While the Resources Based View (RBV) has two aspects of that. furthermore, this research is applying RBV into Destination Image Variable. Type of Paper - Empirical"
    Keywords: RBV, Tourist Intention, Destination Image, Tourist Satisfaction, and tourist attitude
    JEL: M31 L83
    Date: 2022–03–31
  2. By: Serrona, Kevin Roy B. (Asian Development Bank Institute); Yu, Jeongsoo (Asian Development Bank Institute); Camarin, Mary Jean A. (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: The Philippines is an example of a country at the center of this predicament due to its strategic geographic location as a regional trade route. Urbanization, rapid economic development, and the population increase are some of the key factors contributing to increased consumption and waste generation. Tourism is one of the main economic drivers, with several pristine islands serving as leisure destinations for local and international visitors. In fact, 8 million tourists visited the country in 2019, which contributed 12% to the country’s GDP and provided 5.4 million jobs. However, tourism is under threat from locally generated waste materials and those reaching the shores from international waters. One of the most popular tourism destinations is the Siargao Islands, which earned the top spot in the Best Holiday Destination in 2020 of Conde Nast, a prestigious international travel magazine. The island is well known for its annual international surfing and game fishing competitions. It is pursuing sustainable tourism because of the increasing number of tourists along with the alarming increase in waste generation. The island faces the Pacific Ocean and receives marine debris that yearly monsoon winds bring. We explore marine litter mitigation and prevention in tourism destinations like Siargao through circular economy interventions. Innovative legislation and policies, capacity building, deposit refund systems, technological innovations, and community-based approaches to minimize, capture, and process marine litter are some of the key areas that it will tackle in the hope of contributing to the global practices on sustainable tourism in island economies.
    Keywords: Sustainable tourism; circular economy; marine litter; participatory governance; international cooperation
    JEL: Z30
    Date: 2022–01

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