nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2022‒02‒14
three papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Economic impacts of COVID-19 on the tourism sector in Tanzania By Martin Henseler; Helene Maisonnave; Asiya Maskaeva
  2. Impact of Tourism on Regional Economic Growth: A Global Value Chain Perspective By Liu, Anyu
  3. The interplay role of destination area hashtags to enhance small destination pictures’ engagement on Instagram By Elena Bellio; Francesca Checchinato

  1. By: Martin Henseler (EDEHN - Equipe d'Economie Le Havre Normandie - ULH - Université Le Havre Normandie - NU - Normandie Université); Helene Maisonnave; Asiya Maskaeva
    Abstract: The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has affected the tourism sector by closing borders, reducing both the transportation of tourists and tourist demand. Developing countries, such as Tanzania, where the tourism sector contributes a high share to gross domestic product, are facing considerable economic consequences. Tourism interlinks domestic sectors such as transport, accommodation, beverages and food, and retail trade and thus plays an important role in household income. Our study assessed the macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19 on the tourism sector and the Tanzanian economy as a case study of an impacted developing economy. We used a computable general equilibrium model framework to simulate the economic impacts resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and quantitatively analysed the economic impacts.
    Keywords: COVID-19,Tourism,Tanzania,Developing country,Computable general equilibrium model JEL code: I18
    Date: 2021–12–23
  2. By: Liu, Anyu (University of Surrey)
    Abstract: In the globalization era, many products in the tourism industry are imported from other economies; whereas other products may be exported as intermediates to other economies. Researchers have assessed the economic impact of tourism for more than 40 years, but have shed little light on the economic impact on economies in the global value chain. To fill this gap, this analysis used the multiregional input–output table with 35 industries and 63 economies to comprehensively examine the economic contribution of tourism to Thailand as well as to the global economy. Findings suggest that tourism in Thailand generates significant economic impact on output and value added. The industry has stronger intra-spillover and linkage with domestic industries, particularly downstream industries, and weaker connections with industries in other economies in the global supply chain. The multiregional input–output model also reveals that it can measure the export performance of the industry more accurately than the traditional input–output model. Findings generate comprehensive empirical results for destinations and regional organizations to more accurately strategize tourism or regional tourism development plans.
    Keywords: multiregional input–output model; global value chain; economic impact; tourism development
    JEL: R15 Z32
    Date: 2022–01–28
  3. By: Elena Bellio (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Francesca Checchinato (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: Purpose. Hashtags are important in enriching the content of posts and in obtaining more engagement (Messina, 2007). This study aims at analysing the impact of the combination of the small destination name hashtags with hashtags mentioning the wider destination area by answering at the following research questions: (RQ1) What are the territorial hashtags used in the small destinations’ pictures capture? (RQ2) Do the mentions of the wider area through territorial hashtags impact on small destination post’s engagement? Methods.Based on hashtags’ destination names, a sample of 13,217 posts of 18 Italian small destinations are retrieved (period of higher tourism turnout in 2019). Both content analysis (RQ1) and linear regression models (RQ2) are used. Results. Scholars have never focused on the link between the engagement of a photo and the hashtags related to specific territories. Through this research, we can state that people use hashtags referring to the wider destination area (mainly combining region and nation). The hashtag of a small and niche destination together with the hashtags of the region, neighbouring territories or the nation, can improve the engagement of the related picture in terms of number of likes. Implications.This study confirms the role of the hashtags in enhancing a picture’s engagement contributing to the literature about the consumers’ feedback on online picture by adding the territorial dimension as a variable. From a managerial perspective, it suggests how destination management organizations should use hashtags in Instagram, in order to improve their offerings.
    Keywords: Hashtags, small destination, tourist area, Instagram
    Date: 2022–01

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