nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2021‒06‒28
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Is international tourism responsible for the pandemic of COVID-19? A preliminary cross-country analysis with a special focus on small islands By Jean-François Hoarau
  2. Understanding the link between the organizations social responsibility and employees work attitudes in tourism industry setting By Petra Jarkovská

  1. By: Jean-François Hoarau (CEMOI - Centre d'Économie et de Management de l'Océan Indien - UR - Université de La Réunion, UR UFRDE - Université de La Réunion - UFR Droit et économie - UR - Université de La Réunion, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)
    Abstract: This article aims at analysing the role of international tourism attractiveness as a potential factor for the outbreak and the spread of the recent COVID-19 disease across the world with a special focus on small island economies. Econometric testing is implemented over a crosscountry sample including 205 countries/territories (with 58 small islands) after controlling for several usual suspects. The results state a positive and significant relationship between COVID-19 prevalence and inbound tourism arrivals per capita. Thus international tourism must be seen as one of the main responsible factors for the recent pandemic, validating the "tourism-led vulnerability hypothesis". Accordingly, this finding suggests that the tourism specialization model in the context of small islands is too vulnerable to be considered as sustainable in the medium and long-run. Policymakers must opt for economic diversification when possible.
    Keywords: COVID-19,Health epidemics,International tourism,Small islands,Vulnerability
    Date: 2021–05–25
  2. By: Petra Jarkovská (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia In České Budějovice)
    Abstract: This paper aims to present Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as a possible way how to directly or indirectly influence employees' work attitudes, such as job satisfaction (JS) and turn over intentions (TI), using concepts from psychology (motivational theories) and social psychology (e.g. Social Exchange Theory, Social Identity Theory) as underlying theories. To examine the link between CSR and employees' work attitudes (JS, TI), empirical research was carried out in the tourism industry setting (hospitality subsector), employing a series of multiple regression analyses. The physical research location, Prague, the Czech Republic capital, was chosen on purpose, as it is one of the leading tourism destinations in the Central European and European region. Apart from the empirical research findings, the paper tries to present the tourism industry from a sustainable socio-economic regional development perspective and summarise the CSR concept's historical evolution by highlighting some of the most relevant academic literature contributions.
    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Employees, Job Satisfaction, Turn over Intentions, Tourism Industry
    JEL: M12 M14
    Date: 2021–05

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