nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2021‒01‒18
three papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Gay tourism in Manzanillo, Colima: push and pull development potential through the Cropmton model. By Jesús Otoniel Sosa Rodríguez; María Adelaida Silvestre Campos; Sandra Polet Coss y León Silva; Pedro López Ordoñez
  2. Climate Change and Touristic Winter Activities By Mohamed Kayal
  3. LGBT tourism in Puerto Vallarta: source of foreign exchange or a breach of ethics and morals in Mexican society? Reflections of an ethnography By Jesús Otoniel Sosa Rodríguez; Adriana del Carmen Bautista Hernández; Nuchnudee Chaisatit

  1. By: Jesús Otoniel Sosa Rodríguez (University of Colima); María Adelaida Silvestre Campos (University of Colima); Sandra Polet Coss y León Silva (University of Colima); Pedro López Ordoñez (University of Colima)
    Abstract: Internationally, gay tourism or LGBT represents a potential market of 180 million people and an annual expense in the tourism sector of 200 billion dollars. In addition to that, gay tourism grows at a rate of 10.4% each year, more than double that of conventional tourism.Mexico is already taking some actions to take advantage of the opportunity represented by attracting this new type of market. However, Manzanillo has been a tourist destination that has not joined the actions carried out by the Ministry of Tourism to become a gay friendly destination.The objective of this study is to analyze the current situation in Manzanillo regarding gay tourism; know actions taken and the reasons why it has not been developed. To this end, the research question is as follows: Why is Manzanillo not considered a gay friendly destination and what strategies can be carried out to achieve it?The question is answered through research carried out with a mixed approach methodology, the empirical method complemented by the method of analysis of surveys and interviews.The responses received show that Manzanillo is not considered a gay friendly destination because it does not have a tourist offer destined for this market segment, but despite this, it has the potential to become a pink destination.Taking the above into account, five strategies were carried out as a proposal to diversify the tourist offer of Manzanillo with the creation of activities and establishments destined for gay tourists.
    Keywords: Gay tourism, gay friendly destination, tourist offer.
    JEL: L83 L38 A13
  2. By: Mohamed Kayal (Anadolu Üniversitesi (TURKEY) - Anadolu Üniversitesi (TURKEY))
    Abstract: Majority of scientists approve and acknowledge the existence of climate change effects and are aware of the predicted intensity and frequencies, in the long term, of the results that the year of 2100 will be showing. The objective of this article is to shed light on the risks that the present effects of climate on tourism in general and specifically on the winter activities. This article will also explain the measures that could be taken to help the fight against the effects of climate change and the measures that would certainly be costly ecologically and financially speaking.
    Keywords: Tourism,IPCC,Green House Emissions,Global Warming,Winter Activities,Climate Change
    Date: 2020–02–19
  3. By: Jesús Otoniel Sosa Rodríguez (University of Colima); Adriana del Carmen Bautista Hernández (University of Colima); Nuchnudee Chaisatit (University of Colima)
    Abstract: As of 2013 in Mexico, the creation, support and development of the LGBT tourist segment were established into the Mexican federal government policies, which has not been consolidated besides lacking of statistical and economic data so its socioeconomic impact is known. The objective of this research is to reflect on the social and economic effect generated by an LGBT friendly tourist destination resulting from the touristic practices that take place in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco.This beach destination is considered the most important LGBT tourist destination in the country due to the amount of economic income it generates and the touristic infrastructure that has been developed. Some considerations are made on the relationship between the expenditure generated by tourists and the income received by residents, as well as its socio-environmental impact. The methodology used is of a mixed nature, emphasizing the integration of economic data in a quantitative way besides ethnography carried out in the destination in a qualitative way.The results of this social phenomenon called LGBT Tourism finally unleashed a synergy and power relations between the different actors involved in Puerto Vallarta: government, businessmen, civil associations, residents and to a lesser extent tourist.
    Keywords: LGBT tourism, tourist spaces, ethics, power relations, ethnography
    JEL: L38 L83 D74

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