nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒10‒05
six papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Tourism and migration: Identifying the channels with gravity models By Jordi Paniagua; María Santana-Gallego
  2. Preferences of Prospective Visitors for Nature-Based Recreational Activities in the Salamanca Island Protected Area, Colombia By Andrés Vargas Pérez; David Díaz Florián; Tatiana Cantillo
  3. A Study on Significance of Backwater Tourism and Safe Houseboat Operation in Kerala By Jose, Jiju; Aithal, Sreeramana
  4. Corporate Social Responsibility and the Role of Rural Women in Strengthening Agriculture-Tourism Linkages in Nigeria’s Oil Producing Communities By Joseph I. Uduji; Elda N. Okolo-Obasi; Vincent A. Onodugo; Justitia O. Nnabuko; Babatunde A. Adedibu
  5. Threshold effects during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from international tourist destinations By Thanasis Stengos; Michael L. Polemis
  6. Promotion of Health Tourism in which Hot Springs are Utilized for Medical Treatment and Accumulation and Dissemination of Empirical Evidence (Japanese) By SEKIGUCHI Yoichi

  1. By: Jordi Paniagua (University of Valencia); María Santana-Gallego (Universitat Illes Balears)
    Abstract: As a result of the role played by migrants in supporting host economies, the interest in understanding the impact of migration is growing. However, the literature remains silent on the channels by which migration affects tourism. The present paper aims to isolate the effect of migrant networks on tourism by exploring the role of information, travel costs, and demand for visiting friends and relatives. To this end, a theoretical framework that rests upon a structural gravity model is developed. The model allows not only a better understanding of the relationship between tourism and migration but also to overcome several empirical biases like the omission of multilateral resistance in tourism flows or controlling for endogeneity. The empirical analysis considered a sample of 34 OECD countries as destination/home and 157 origin/countries-of-birth for tourist arrivals/migration stock. A positive and robust effect of migration on inbound tourism is estimated and the three channels proposed to drive this nexus become relevant.
    Keywords: Tourism, Migration, Gravity equation
    Date: 2020–08
  2. By: Andrés Vargas Pérez; David Díaz Florián; Tatiana Cantillo
    Abstract: To develop financially viable, nature-based tourism, in protected areas, park managers need to make decisions as to what outdoor recreational activities should be offered. Using a discrete choice experiment (DCE), we estimate domestic prospective visitors’ willingness to pay (WTP) for a range of recreational activities and identify those with the greatest potential to attract visitors to Vía Parque Isla de Salamanca, a protected area (PA) in the Barranquilla-Santa Marta region, Colombia. We considered five activities offered by the PA: birding, cultural exchange, nautical sports, walking tours on the beach, and a mangrove boat tour. Results revealed that respondents have strong preferences for cultural exchange activities, while the activities prioritized by PA managers, birding and mangrove boat tours, are the least preferred by respondents. These results suggest that bundling strategies for nature-based tourist products in the PA may be needed to compensate for these unexpected visitor preferences. These results illustrate the usefulness of DCE to inform the design of nature-based tourism strategies in protected areas.
    Keywords: discrete choice experiment; nature-based tourism; outdoor activities; protected areas, bundling tourist products.
    Date: 2020–09–11
  3. By: Jose, Jiju; Aithal, Sreeramana
    Abstract: The Backwaters of Kerala are historically important. The backwaters and interconnecting navigable canals have made a number of rural tourism destinations with matchless beauty. These backwater systems were once Kerala’s own trade highways. The major component of backwater tourism is houseboat cruising. The State has sensed the potential of backwater tourism in nowadays. Mass tourism movement in this sector caused for the multidimensional impacts on the economic, socio-cultural and bio-physical environment. Being an Eco-tourism product, backwater tourism needs sustainable and responsible tourism practice. Considering the need for the sustenance of the houseboat operation as a unique tourism product, it is mandatory to ensure the quality of facilities and services. In this paper, the researcher is trying to focus on the importance of backwater tourism in Kerala. Also giving special attention to identify various aspects of safe houseboat operations and the issues related. The major issues related to houseboat operation are lack of infrastructure, issues of licensing, issues of safety, environmental issues, and lack of quality services. In this study, the researcher is highlighting the need for the sustenance of the house boating by giving effective recommendations to reduce the negative aspects.
    Keywords: Backwater tourism, Houseboat operations, Unique tourism product
    JEL: L83 Q56
    Date: 2020–08–04
  4. By: Joseph I. Uduji (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria); Elda N. Okolo-Obasi (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria); Vincent A. Onodugo (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria); Justitia O. Nnabuko (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria); Babatunde A. Adedibu (Redeemer’s University, Ede, Nigeria)
    Abstract: This paper extends and contributes to the literature on tourism for transformative and inclusive growth from the corporate social responsibility (CSR) perspective. Specifically, we examine the impact of CSR of multinational oil companies (MOCs) on empowerment of rural women in strengthening agriculture-tourism linkages in Niger Delta region of Nigeria. A total of 800 rural women were sampled across the region. Results from the use of a logit model indicates that rural women seldom participate in the global memorandum of understandings (GMoUs) interventions in agritourism value chain projects, due to the norms and culture of the rural communities. This implies that if the tradition of the people continues to hinder direct participation of the rural women from GMoUs programmes, achieving gender equality and cultural change would be limited in the region, and rural women would remain excluded from the economic benefits of agritourism when compared with the male counterparts. The finding suggests that, GMoU interventions engaging women smallholders in the tourism value chain can be an important vehicle for advancing gender empowerment and fostering social inclusion. Also, cluster development boards (CDBs) should pay close attention to which extent the participation of rural women in the GMoUs projects may be limited by traditions.
    Keywords: Agriculture-tourism linkages; corporate social responsibility; multinational oil companies; young rural women; sub-Saharan Africa
    Date: 2020–01
  5. By: Thanasis Stengos (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Guelph, Guelph ON Canada); Michael L. Polemis (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the causal effects of governments’ social distancing measures to curb the spread of the ongoing SARS-COV-2 outbreak on the hotel industry of major tourist destinations (France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Turkey). The empirical analysis employs a static threshold model developed in Hansen (1999; 2020) using a daily dataset over the six months from the first confirmed European COVID-19 case (25.01.2020). The results indicate that the investigated relationship is non-monotonic (“U-shaped”) depending on the intensity of the lockdown measures proxied by the Coronavirus Government Response Tracker Index (CGR). The empirical findings corroborate that the effect of lockdown measures on the hotel industry can be positive and statistically significant if and only if sample tourist destinations surpass a certain threshold of lockdown effectiveness (high regime). However, if sample countries adopt social distancing measures below a given threshold level, the effect is negative though significant (low regime). The threshold analysis suggests that COVID-19 increases hotel room revenues even at 12,7% and subsequently the level of hotel performance, only for already “lock downed stringent” countries, supporting the effectiveness of social distancing measures. Finally, the “U-shaped” (convex) curvature does not drastically change when alternative indicators of hotel performance and non-parametric techniques are employed.
    Keywords: Hotel industry; COVID-19; Coronavirus Government Response Tracker Index; Social distancing; Threshold model
    JEL: Z31 C24 C23
    Date: 2020
  6. By: SEKIGUCHI Yoichi
    Abstract: This paper considers measures for accumulating and disseminating evidence to support doctors recommending hot spring treatment to their patients, which could benefit the revitalization efforts of regional economies through the promotion of health tourism to regional hot springs. While medical insurance covers the cost of hot spring treatments in Germany and France have evidence-based supporting the utilization of hot springs for medical treatment, it is difficult to accumulate and disseminate such evidence in Japan due to national university reforms, etc.. Toyotomi Hot Springs (Toyotomi Town, Hokkaido Prefecture), where the water is known to have beneficial dermatological effects, has welcomed the highest number of medical expense deduction applicants based on doctor recommendations, after being certified as a health promotion facility. It is desirable to strengthen the system for accumulating and disseminating such evidence. Roles of an organization allocating research funds effectively and spreading research results are important. The French system may serve as a reference as a single national organization provides funding for research projects and disseminates information.
    Date: 2020–09

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