nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒08‒10
three papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Heterogenous Effects of Visa Exemption Policy on International Tourist Arrivals: Evidence from Indonesia By Muhammad Halley Yudhistira; Yusuf Sofiyandi; Witri Indriyani; Andhika Putra Pratama
  2. Revisiting the Role of Tourism and Globalization in Environmental Degradation in China: Fresh Insights from the Quantile ARDL Approach By Sharif, Arshian; Iqbal Godil, Danish; Xu, Bingjie; Sinha, Avik; Abdul Rehman Khan, Syed; Jermsittiparsert, Kittisak
  3. “To clean or not to clean?” Reducing daily routine hotel room cleaning by letting tourists answer this question for themselves By Cvelbar, Ljubica Knezevic; Grün, Bettina; Dolnicar, Sara

  1. By: Muhammad Halley Yudhistira (Institute for Economic and Social Research Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Yusuf Sofiyandi (Institute for Economic and Social Research Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Witri Indriyani (Cluster Research of Urban and Transportation Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia); Andhika Putra Pratama (Institute for Economic and Social Research Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI))
    Abstract: We examined the potential heterogeneous impact of implementing a series of visa-exemption policies on foreign tourist arrivals in Indonesia by exploiting a rich dataset of monthly series of foreign tourist arrivals, by country and by port of entry between January 2014 and December 2018. This is the first study in providing empirical evidence of the heterogenous impact of a country’s visa-exemption policy across tourist’s origins and within-country destinations. Using a panel data approach, our estimates showed that while the policy increased monthly foreign tourist arrivals by 5% on average, the effect was evident for non-traditional destinations only. The policy also potentially provided a diversion effect between destinations, such that created an adverse effect on the traditional destinations of Indonesia. Our estimates also suggest a heterogenous impact at the continent level, and an 8% higher impact per year after the policy’s introduction, which was relatively lower than has been found in other studies. The findings imply that the visa-exemption policy is not a one-size-fits-all policy in attracting international tourist arrivals.
    Keywords: visa exemption — foreign tourist arrivals — Indonesia — panel
    JEL: L83 Z32 Z38
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Sharif, Arshian; Iqbal Godil, Danish; Xu, Bingjie; Sinha, Avik; Abdul Rehman Khan, Syed; Jermsittiparsert, Kittisak
    Abstract: Ascertaining sustainable development is a major issue across the globe, and the economic growth pattern achieved is a predominant reason behind this. The globalization-led economic growth achieved by the emerging economies might not be ecologically sustainable, as globalization might not have been utilized as a policy tool. Moreover, a sound policy calls for considering the entire data spectrum for the analysis, which is largely ignored in the literature. This research contributes to the literature by proffering a policy framework for the emerging economies by analyzing the impact of globalization and tourism on environmental degradation, by considering the Chinese context as a sample. Following the quantile autoregressive distributed lag model, the impact of economic growth, globalization, and tourism on greenhouse gas emissions, carbon dioxide emissions, and the ecological footprint in China over 1978Q1-2017Q4 are analyzed. The results demonstrate that economic growth stimulates environmental degradation, while the presence of Environmental Kuznets Curve is also validated. Moreover, tourism has been found to exert positive environmental externalities, while globalization exerts negative environmental externalities. Based on the outcomes of the research, a comprehensive policy framework has been suggested, following which the Chinese economy might be able to attain the objectives of Sustainable Development Goals 7, 8, and 13.
    Keywords: Tourism; Globalization; EKC; China; QARDL
    JEL: L83 Q5 Q53
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Cvelbar, Ljubica Knezevic; Grün, Bettina; Dolnicar, Sara (The University of Queensland)
    Abstract: Changing default settings has proven to be a powerful approach to influencing consumer decisions without denying consumers the possibility of choosing freely. This is only the second study investigating the effectiveness of defaults in tourism, and the first testing also the combined effect of default changes and pro-environmental appeals in the context of changing room cleaning defaults in hotels from automatic daily cleaning (with the choice of opting out) to no daily routine cleaning (with the choice of opt-in and requesting a free room clean every day). Results from a quasi-experimental study conducted in a three-star city hotel suggest that the change in defaults significantly reduced room cleaning, with only 32% of room cleans requested on average. Adding a pro-environmental appeal to the change in defaults did not further reduce room cleaning overall, but has an effect on certain segments of hotel guests.
    Date: 2019–09–29

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