nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒02‒17
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Territorial tourism performance: Case of destination Fez By A Hmioui; L Alla; B Bentalha
  2. Digital Platforms and the Demand for International Tourism Services By Lopez Cordova,Jose Ernesto
  3. Tourism and insecurity in the world By Simplice A. Asongu; Joseph I. Uduji; Elda N. Okolo-Obasi
  4. Community participation tourist attraction development in Jabal Kelor - a case study By Nugroho, Dhimas Setyo; Hermawan, Hary; Putr, Emmita Devi Hari; Mayasari, Citra Unik

  1. By: A Hmioui (ENCGF - Ecole Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion De Fès - USMBA - Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah); L Alla (ENSAF - Ecole Nationale des Sciences Appliquées [Fès] - USMBA - Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah); B Bentalha (ENCGF - Ecole Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion De Fès - USMBA - Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah)
    Abstract: The contemporary context of the tourism market, marked by changes in tourist demand, competition and new managerial practices, is pushing each territory to evaluate and modernise its tourism strategies in order to improve its attractiveness. Such a concern, in terms of tourism destination performance, continually pushes the various territorial tourism stakeholders to reinvent their business strategies, through the innovation of tourism services and related services. Admittedly, the performance of any tourist destination is more dependent on compliance with customer expectations and requirements and competitiveness requirements. This can be achieved by mobilizing and optimizing multiple local tourist potentialities, thus pushing towards more authenticity and more intrinsic specificity of tourist products. This spatial differentiation via territorial image and identity, and the improvement of their visibility and readability on the national and international market is very sensitive to the contribution and commitment of the various stakeholders, and in particular customers. In Morocco, and in accordance with the 2020 tourism development vision and the very foundations of advanced regionalisation, the performance of any tourist destination is more dependent on the ability of territorial stakeholders to develop the territorial anchoring of the tourism product offered, as the main lever for sustainable and sustainable development of tourism attractiveness. Indeed, the Fez-Meknès region, and particularly the city of Fez, seeks to base its attractiveness mainly on heritage as the foundation of the territorial image and identity. What is the assessment of the performance of the tourist offer of the destination Fez? This is the issue to which our communication seeks to discuss. To address this issue, we mobilize the literature review to identify the concepts of attractiveness and performance of a tourist destination, and its determinants, through the development of a composite index (P. T. I.), before empirically analyzing the assessment of the tourism performance of Fez destination, through the statistical analysis of the P. T. I. Fez, and identify the necessary lessons for a better promotion of the attractiveness of the city.
    Abstract: Le contexte contemporain du marché touristique, marqué par les mutations de la demande touristique, la concurrence et les nouvelles pratiques managériales, pousse chaque territoire à évaluer et à moderniser ses stratégies touristiques, afin d'améliorer son attractivité. Une telle préoccupation, en termes de performance de destination touristique, pousse continuellement les différents acteurs touristiques territoriaux à réinventer leurs stratégies commerciales, à travers l'innovation des prestations touristiques et des services connexes. Certes, la performance de toute destination touristique est davantage conditionnée par la conformité aux attentes et aux exigences de la clientèle et les exigences de compétitivité. Cette finalité peut être obtenue par la mobilisation et l'optimisation de multiples potentialités touristiques locales, poussant ainsi vers plus d'authenticité et plus de spécificité intrinsèque des produits touristiques. Ce démarquage spatial via l'image et l'identité territoriales, et l'amélioration de leur visibilité et lisibilité sur le marché national et international est très sensible à la contribution et l'engagement des différentes parties prenantes, et notamment les clients. Au Maroc, et conformément à la vision de développement touristique 2020 et les fondements même de la régionalisation avancée, la performance de toute destination touristique est davantage tributaire de la capacité des acteurs territoriaux à développer l'ancrage territorial du produit touristique offert, comme principal levier de perfectionnement durable et soutenable de l'attractivité touristique. En effet, la région Fès-Meknès, et particulièrement la ville de Fès, cherche à baser son attractivité principalement sur le patrimoine comme socle de l'image et l'identité territoriales. Quelle appréciation fait-on de la performance de l'offre touristique de la destination Fès ? Telle est la problématique à laquelle notre communication cherche à discuter. Pour traiter cette problématique, nous mobilisons la revue de littérature pour cerner les notions d'attractivité et de performance d'une destination touristique, et ses déterminants, via l'élaboration d'un indice composite (I.P.T.), avant d'analyser empiriquement l'appréciation de la performance touristique de destination Fès, via l'analyse statistique de l'I.P.T. de Fès, et dégager les enseignements nécessaires pour une meilleure promotion de l'attractivité de la ville.
    Keywords: tourist destination,Territorial attractiveness,satisfaction,loyalty,tourist performance,fidélité,performance touristique,Attractivité territoriale,destination touristique
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Lopez Cordova,Jose Ernesto
    Abstract: Tourism is an important source of foreign exchange and employment across developing economies. A scant literature has explored the relationship between tourism and the advent of the internet. This paper contributes to the tourism-trade literature and studies the empirical relationship between international tourism and the adoption of digital technologies that facilitate search about tourism opportunities across countries. It links foreign visits with the spread of the use of the internet in sending countries and the level of development of business-to-consumer digital tools in host countries. The paper estimates a well-specified gravity model of tourist arrivals between country pairs with panel data. The results indicate that frictions affecting bilateral tourism flows have been attenuated by the advent of digital tools. The absolute value of the effects of bilateral geographic distance, language differences, and border-contiguity seem to be reduced by the use of the internet by potential tourists and the business sector in host countries. The results are robust to alternative proxies for internet use for tourism search proxied by data from Google trends. The paper also presents simulations of the potential impacts of advances in the adoption of digital tools over time, linking the adoption process to mechanisms of technology adoption that are commonplace in the literature.
    Date: 2020–02–13
  3. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Joseph I. Uduji (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria); Elda N. Okolo-Obasi (University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
    Abstract: The study assesses the role of forces of law and order in modulating the insecurity-tourism nexus in 163 countries for the period 2010 to 2015. Policy syndromes or insecurity dynamics include: violent crime, access to weapons, political instability and perception of criminality while the policy variables of forces of law and order are captured with “security officers & police†and “armed service personnel†. The empirical evidence is based on Negative Binomial regressions. The findings show that the policy variables can be effectively used to crowd-out the negative incidence of policy syndromes on tourist arrivals. The results are contingent on net effects (from conditional and unconditional effects), insecurity dynamics and thresholds. A threshold is an inflexion point at which the unfavorable unconditional effect from a policy syndrome of insecurity on tourist arrivals is completely neutralized by policy variables of forces of law and order. Policy implications are discussed.
    Keywords: Insecurity; Peace; Tourism
    JEL: D74 Z32 Z38
    Date: 2019–01
  4. By: Nugroho, Dhimas Setyo; Hermawan, Hary (Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata AMPTA Yogyakarta, Indonesia); Putr, Emmita Devi Hari; Mayasari, Citra Unik
    Abstract: Community-based tourism is an evolutionary form of the concept of mass tourism. One of the primary keys to developing community-based tourism is community participation. The process of developing Jabal Kelor tourism destinations has created several types of community participation. The researchers used a semi-structured interview with key informants involved in developing Jabal Kelor. Observation and documentation was used to check data validity. Interactive data analysis techniques took place continuously the data reached saturation point. The research results indicate that community participation in developing Jabal Kelor tourism destinations consists of participation of the community in areas such as inter alia such as idea formulation, participation, physical participation, skills and education participation, and also financial participation. The originality of this paper is the identification of community participation in efforts to develop Jabal Kelor tourism destinations. The less optimal form of community participation in Jabal Kelor is participation education and skills, and financial participation. The reasonfor this is the lack of community insight, and the people there are weak economic communities and they battle to make a livelihood. original source ; 63688/article_30_vol_9_1__2020_indonesia .pdf
    Date: 2020–01–23

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