nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒01‒20
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. The sustainability of tourism: global comparative evidence By Simplice A. Asongu; Nicholas M. Odhiambo
  2. How mining is threatening the sustainability of the South African nature tourism sector and civil society response By Llewellyn Leonard
  3. Terror and Tourism: The Economic Consequences of Media Coverage By Besley, Timothy; Fetzer, Thiemo; Mueller, Hannes
  4. The Factors of Selecting Malaysia as Tourist Destination: Case Study on the State of Melaka By Alam, A. S. A. Ferdous; Choy, Er Ah; Begum, Halima; Alam, Md. Mahmudul; Siwar, Chamhuri

  1. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Nicholas M. Odhiambo (Pretoria, South Africa)
    Abstract: This study investigated the sustainability of global tourism in 163 countries for the period 2010 to 2015. Given the richness of the dataset, the data has been decomposed into 11 fundamental characteristics based on income levels, legal origins and openness to the sea. The empirical evidence was based on Generalised Method of Moments (GMM). Three main hypotheses were tested from which three broad findings were established. First, Hypothesis 1 is overwhelmingly valid because persistence in tourist arrivals is consistently an increasing function of income levels. Hypothesis 2 is not valid because French civil law countries are associated with comparatively higher levels of persistence in tourist arrivals. Hypothesis 3 is invalid because landlocked countries reflect higher levels of tourism persistence.
    Keywords: Tourism Sustainability, Income Level, Generalised Method of Moments (GMM)
    JEL: D74 Z32 Z38
    Date: 2019–01
  2. By: Llewellyn Leonard (University of South Africa)
    Abstract: South African tourism geography studies have largely ignored how issues of industrial pollution and development such as for mining have affected nature tourism and conservation sites. It is argued in this chapter that South Africa?s transition to democracy has not necessarily resulted in improved governance and protection of nature tourism destinations from industrial developments, with the government approving mining licenses in these sites. Historical and new mining operations in South Africa are affecting nature tourism sites and sustainable tourism development. This chapter explores selected cases to examine how mining is affecting and/or has the potential to impact on nature tourism sites. It also examines civil society response to address mining development impacts in such areas. Results indicate that despite government apathy to protect nature tourism sites and enforce regulations, civil society has the potential to halt mining development and protect nature tourism resources. However, inter and intraracial/class conflict in local communities over mining development versus tourism needs to be addressed, in addition to the lack of tourism employment opportunities for local communities. Education about sustainable tourism development is essential to ensure long-term sustainable tourism and local development over mining
    Keywords: Nature tourism, Civil society, Conservation, Sustainable tourism development
    JEL: D63
    Date: 2019–10
  3. By: Besley, Timothy (London School of Economics); Fetzer, Thiemo (University of Warwick); Mueller, Hannes (IAE - CSIC)
    Abstract: This paper studies the economic effects of news-coverage of violent events. To do so, we combine monthly aggregated and anonymized credit card data on tourism spending from 114 origin countries and 5 tourist destinations (Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, Israel and Morocco) with a large corpus of more than 446 thousand newspaper articles covering news on the 5 destination countries from a subset of 57 tourist origin countries. We document that violent events in a destination are followed by sharp spikes in negative reporting at origin and contractions in tourist activity. Media coverage of violence has a large independent effect on tourist spending beyond what can be accounted for by controlling for the incidence of violence. We develop a model in which tourist beliefs, actual violence and media reporting are modelled together. This model allows us to quantify the effect of violent events and reporting.
    Keywords: JEL Classification:
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Alam, A. S. A. Ferdous; Choy, Er Ah; Begum, Halima; Alam, Md. Mahmudul (Universiti Utara Malaysia); Siwar, Chamhuri
    Abstract: Tourism is an emerging economic sector for Malaysia. The purpose of this study is an attempt to understand the factors that attract tourists to visit Malaysia. The primary data were collected through questionnaire survey on 735 tourists who visited the state of Melaka, Malaysia. This study used descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modelling (SEM) in order to analyze and draw the inferences. Model fit was initially tested using the overall fit and regression paths. Then the hypothesized model was analysed and modified based on the results of the analysis to find a better fit of the data and to more adequately describe the relationships between the factors. The study found that several economic, environmental, cultural and community factors have positive significant influence in attracting tourists to Melaka.
    Date: 2019–02–28

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