nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒01‒13
fourteen papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Cooperation between Akureyri University and the tourism industry By Vera Kristín Kristjánsdóttir; Hafdís Björg Hjálmarsdóttir
  2. The Costs of Urban Agglomeration: Evidence from the Inbound Tourism Boom in Japan By KONDO Keisuke
  3. Place of residence and vacations By Sharon Teitler-Regev; Shlomit Hon Snir
  4. Long-term Effect of Mega Sports Event on Host Country’s Tourism: Evidence from the Jakarta-Palembang 2018 Asian Games By Mohamad D. Revindo; Amalia A. Widyasanti; Chairina H. Siregar; Devina Anindita; Nurindah W. Hastuti; Sean Hambali; Devianto
  5. The sustainability of tourism: global comparative evidence By Simplice A. Asongu; Nicholas M. Odhiambo
  6. Tourism In Belize: Ensuring Sustained Growth By Julian T Chow
  7. Terror and Tourism: The Economic Consequences of Media Coverage By Timothy Besley; Thiemo Fetzer; Hannes Mueller
  9. Tourism as a Mechanism in Reducing Income Inequality in Developing Economies By Dan Tan; Risa Morimoto
  10. Community participation in regional tourism development: a case study in North Halmahera Regency - Indonesia By Yerik Afrianto Singgalen; Gatot Sasongko; Pamerdi Giri Wiloso
  11. Social Impact on Tourism in Bangladesh: An Analysis By Md Zahid Al Noman
  12. Tourism and environmental quality nexus: Further evidence from Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand By Azam, Muhammad; Alam, Md. Mahmudul; Hafeez, Muhammad Haroon
  13. Predicting disaggregated tourist arrivals in Sierra Leone using ARIMA model By Jackson, Emerson Abraham; Tamuke, Edmund
  14. How New Airport Infrastructure Promotes Tourism: Evidence from a Synthetic Control Approach in German Regions By Luisa Dörr; Florian Dorn; Stefanie Gäbler; Niklas Potrafke

  1. By: Vera Kristín Kristjánsdóttir (Akureyri University); Hafdís Björg Hjálmarsdóttir (University of Akureyri)
    Abstract: Iceland is a popular tourist destination and the number of tourists has increased rapidly in Iceland in recent years, although this increase has now slowed down. During the winter months, tourists mainly visit the south and the southwest part of Iceland, while other regions have fewer tourist during the winter months. Concentration has occurred in the south-western corner of the country, contrary to the goal of better distribution of tourist. One way of distributing tourists is the project Arctic Coast Way.The Arctic Coast Way is an attraction for tourists who want to stay out of the main roads and do so by crossing the coastal north coast. The route is a total of 900 kilometres. In May 2019, the Arctic Coast Way was chosen as the top 10 list of European destinations that are worth a visit by Lonely Planet, one of the world's most popular travel guidebooks. The project was first introduced two years ago. The Arctic Coast Way main objective should be to attract tourists' attention to the coastline along North Iceland. Such roads are known in the global tourism industry, as a tool for directing travellers by certain roads in a particular area. The overall goal of the project is to create increased opportunities for tourism companies by creating brands with which they can connect. With this, they could become more visible both in domestic and foreign markets, as well as a tool for getting tourists to travel abroad and in the peripheral areas of so-called, and to get them to stay longer in the North.The main goal of this presentation is to explain how students at the University of Akureyri took part and contributed to this project. Many good ideas from students were put forward and were used when this route was formally introduced on June 8th 2019.
    Keywords: cooperation, tourism, students projects
    Date: 2019–10
  2. By: KONDO Keisuke
    Abstract: This study provides novel insights on the hypothesis of tougher demand competition in larger cities, focusing on the accommodation sector. In recent years, Japan has experienced a sudden increase in foreign tourists, which has increased the room occupancy rates of hotels, especially in large cities, such as Tokyo and Osaka. Large cities also attract domestic visitors from across the country, meaning that the inbound tourism boom results in a situation where hotel demand of Japanese visitors is in direct competition with that of foreign visitors. This study finds that the increase in hotel demand of foreign visitors has increased the difficultly for Japanese visitors to find vacant rooms (vice versa) since the beginning of inbound tourism boom around 2013, especially in both business and city hotels in large cities, suggesting that visitors to larger cities face higher costs of searching for vacant rooms.
    Date: 2019–12
  3. By: Sharon Teitler-Regev (Department of Economic and Management, Yezreel Valley College,); Shlomit Hon Snir (Department of Economic and Management, Yezreel Valley College,)
    Abstract: Tourism is a major industry with a growing share in most countries economics. A growing part of the tourism industry is the urban tourism. UNWTO describes urban tourism as trips to cities or places with high population density. Several researchers have tried to develop a framework for understanding urban tourism, which is highly important to cities' economies but also requires significant urban infrastructures. In Europe, urban tourism increased by 4.3% representing over 65% of total bedights (235.1 million in 2014).The current research focuses on testing the effect of residence on the number of domestic vacations and on vacations abroad and on the selected type of vacation (nature or urban). The dependent variable is preferences for nature vs. urban destination, measured on a Likert scale. The independent variables include socio-demographic variables, type of residential setting?city or other type of setting. The data were collected using questionnaires distributed between March and June 2018 in different locations in Israel. 46 percent of the respondent were male, the average age was 28 and 75 percent leave in cities.The results indicate that there is no significant correlation between the type of residence and the number of vacations abroad, however those who do not live in a city take significantly more domestic vacations. The regression results indicate that when traveling abroad: Urban tourism is more preferred by those that live in cities and by younger tourists. Similar results are obtained for domestic tourism.The results can help policymakers adapt their marketing efforts to the right tourist. For example, if they want to market urban tourism to international tourists they should address their marketing efforts to those who live in cities and to younger people. Further research should consider the effects of factors such as length of stay, potential travel companions, and other characteristics of the destination (modern or developed country) on destination preferences.
    Keywords: vacation, tourism, place of residance
    Date: 2019–10
  4. By: Mohamad D. Revindo (Graduate School of Global and Strategic Studies, Universitas Indonesia (SKSG UI), Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Amalia A. Widyasanti (Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas)); Chairina H. Siregar (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Devina Anindita (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Nurindah W. Hastuti (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Sean Hambali (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI)); Devianto (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia (LPEM FEB UI))
    Abstract: The 2018 Asian Games is the biggest sports event in the history of Asian Games in terms of contested sports as well as the participating athletes. Considering the massive scale of the event, it is imperative that the benefits generated by the 2018 Asian Games be measured. This study contributes to the extant body of literature on the long-term benefits of sports event on tourism and sports tourism sectors, with reference to the case of 2018 Asian Games in Indonesia. Using primary data collected through the survey during the event, the study found that hosting the 2018 Asian Games has increased favorable perceptions among event participants and visitors towards Indonesia; positively affected the propensity to repeat visitations to Indonesia in the future; increased the likelihood of giving positive referrals to Indonesia for tourism destination and future international sports event hosting. The academic and policy implications of the findings are discussed.
    Keywords: Asian Games — Sports Event — Sport Tourism — Tourism — Indonesia
    JEL: L83 R19 Z32
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Nicholas M. Odhiambo (Pretoria, South Africa)
    Abstract: This study investigated the sustainability of global tourism in 163 countries for the period 2010 to 2015. Given the richness of the dataset, the data has been decomposed into 11 fundamental characteristics based on income levels, legal origins and openness to the sea. The empirical evidence was based on Generalised Method of Moments (GMM). Three main hypotheses were tested from which three broad findings were established. First, Hypothesis 1 is overwhelmingly valid because persistence in tourist arrivals is consistently an increasing function of income levels. Hypothesis 2 is not valid because French civil law countries are associated with comparatively higher levels of persistence in tourist arrivals. Hypothesis 3 is invalid because landlocked countries reflect higher levels of tourism persistence.
    Keywords: Tourism Sustainability, Income Level, Generalised Method of Moments (GMM)
    JEL: D74 Z32 Z38
    Date: 2019–01
  6. By: Julian T Chow
    Abstract: Belize’s tourism sector has witnessed impressive growth in recent years with overnight tourist arrivals registering double digit annual growth rates since 2016. To guide the development of the tourism sector from 2012 to 2030, the government endorsed a National Sustainable Tourism Master Plan in 2011, setting various initiatives and targets for the immediate and medium terms. Using a panel regression analysis on twelve Caribbean countries, this paper finds that accelerating structural reforms, fortifying governance frameworks, reducing crime, and mitigating the impact of natural disasters will help sustain tourism growth in Belize and contribute to economic well-being. This is in addition to tackling infrastructure bottlenecks and mitigating concerns relating to the “shared economy”.
    Date: 2019–12–06
  7. By: Timothy Besley; Thiemo Fetzer; Hannes Mueller
    Abstract: This paper studies the economic effects of news-coverage of violent events. To do so, we combine monthly aggregated and anonymized credit card data on tourism spending from 114 origin countries and 5 tourist destinations (Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, Israel and Morocco) with a large corpus of more than 446 thousand newspaper articles covering news on the 5 destination countries from a subset of 57 tourist origin countries. We document that violent events in a destination are followed by sharp spikes in negative reporting at origin and contractions in tourist activity. Media coverage of violence has a large independent effect on tourist spending beyond what can be accounted for by controlling for the incidence of violence. We develop a model in which tourist beliefs, actual violence and media reporting are modelled together. This model allows us to quantify the effect of violent events and reporting.
    Keywords: terror, armed violence, tourism, media reports, economic integration, supervised machine learning, random forest
    JEL: D83 F14 D74 L82 F15 H12
    Date: 2020–01
  8. By: Syarif, Reza Fairilham
    Abstract: Tourism and creative economy in Indonesia can develop properly if there is a good synergy among all stakeholders to contribute to GDP, employment, and foreign exchange reserves. Telecommunication networks and e-tourism support is necessary for tourism marketing and electronic ticketing. Tour operators in the country, direct flights, visa-free, and the organization of MICE in the tourist destinations are very effective to attract foreigners who travel on business and have a very large multiplier to boost tourism and creative economy in Indonesia
    Date: 2019–02–27
  9. By: Dan Tan (Faculty of Business, University of Wollongong); Risa Morimoto (Department of Economics, SOAS University of London)
    Abstract: Although numerous studies have investigated the contribution of tourism to economic growth and development, much less attention has been paid to assessing whether tourism-induced growth and development contribute to the poverty alleviation and income inequality (Kinyondo & Pelizzo, 2015). This study examines the statistical relationship between tourism activities and a suite of income inequality measures. Using a dynamic fixed country-level effects panel model and bootstrapped standard errors, we find strong evidence showing both tourism dollars and inbound tourism numbers have an adverse effect on income equality. These findings are supported by the results of the fixed-effects panel and dynamic pooled OLS regressions. The results of this study suggest that more effort should be exerted to develop pro-poor tourism initiatives in order to mitigate the inequitable distribution of the benefits of tourism as well as to reduce possible environmental degradation caused by rural poverty.
    Keywords: Tourism, Developing economies, Income inequality, Income distribution, GINI coefficients, Dynamic Panel Model Approach
    JEL: C51 R49 Z32
    Date: 2019–12
  10. By: Yerik Afrianto Singgalen (Halmahera University); Gatot Sasongko (Satya Wacana Christian University); Pamerdi Giri Wiloso (Satya Wacana Christian University)
    Abstract: This study aims to describe the community participation in regional tourism development from the perspective of Arnstein's theory through ladder of participation in Pitu Beach as the top Tourist Destination of North Halmahera Regency, Indonesia. The primary data used in this study were obtained from the representatives of local government (district-subdistrict-village), youth organization, local entrepreneur community and stakeholders who involved in regional tourism development of North Halmahera. While the secondary data were obtained from the Public Works Office of North Halmahera Regency. The results show that community participation in regional tourism development showed the existence of the control society in tourism planning, implementing and evaluating the development program. Thus it could be proofed that community-based tourism approach had been successfully implemented in the context of North Halmahera, Indonesia.
    Keywords: community participation,regional tourism development,North Halmahera Regency
    Date: 2019–12–15
  11. By: Md Zahid Al Noman (New Model University College)
    Abstract: Bangladesh is also a land of river. It has a great heritage and tradition which are very important in the field of tourism. Tourism relies on river based, temple based, religious monument based, historical based and archaeological based. There are undetermined numbers of people who visit there where there are present. Many foreigners come to visit Bangladesh at these places where many classes of people work there and they earn money. Bangladesh earns huge money from these sectors. River based touring places are Cox?s Bazar, Saint Martin, Kutubdia, and Pirojpur district?s river?s daughter. Temple or Shrines or Mazar based tourist place where there many people and followers of them come to visit for all year long. They are Majbhandaria, Aatrashi, Dewanbaggy, Sureshawaree, Chandrapara, Chormona, Fultoly, Sharshoona, Foorfoora, Garibsha Mazar, Burhan Uddin Mazar, Shah Makhdumer Mazar, Gazi Pirer Mazar, Bulu Dewaner Mazar, Laloner Chhewree, Ulugh khan Jahan Ali Mazar and so on in Bangladesh. The touring temple and mosque are Urakandi, Hemayetpur, Shat Gombuj mosque, Rup and Sonaton Ashram, Jabon Horidaser Ashram, Joshorer Imam Bara Mosque, Murolee Jora Shiva Temple, Pagla Kanaier mazar, Gonesh Pagaler Ashram and so on. These historical archaeological places are Moinamoti, Gazi Kalu Champabati, Shalbanbihar, Behula Lakhindar bridal house, Paharpur Buddhist Vihar, Varindra Museum and so on. These make up a communion for the disciples who want to visit those places where they go to amuse the eternal religious peace and follow the own culture. Some sing. Some write. Some flute on. Some dance as religious dance. Some ring the bell. Some bell the drum bit. Some cry on ecstasy. Some perform Dhikir. Some say explicit. Some say implicit. All make up a life-fair. It emphasizes on the impact of socioeconomic development. Here own culture and foreign cultures make a global cultural tourism. The person who come here, they create a novel social impact where there build up a strong religio-socio-politic-ology. Bangladesh is not back bench for tourism. This tourism has developed our social value and economic value which is helping to remake our developing Bangladesh. These tourism spots are mixed with the life of Bangladesh. Millions of people come to visit to find out a historical, cultural, religious, economic, political achievement and archaeological staunch where they can know about the full impression of Bangladesh.
    Keywords: : Mazar, Temple, Mosque, Rivers and Social Cultures
    Date: 2019–10
  12. By: Azam, Muhammad; Alam, Md. Mahmudul (Universiti Utara Malaysia); Hafeez, Muhammad Haroon
    Abstract: The central aim of this study is to contribute to the encroachment of knowledge on impact of tourism on environmental pollution by CO2 emissions ASEAN-3 namely Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore during 1990-2014. The FMOLS results reveal that the impact of tourism variable on environmental pollution is significantly positive, while for Thailand and Singapore, it is found negative and statistically significant. Empirical findings suggest that sustainable economic development should be ensured by implementing prudent public policy, where tourism industry needs to be expanded further but fulfilment of its responsibility towards maintaining green and sustainable environment must be top most priority.
    Date: 2019–06–15
  13. By: Jackson, Emerson Abraham; Tamuke, Edmund
    Abstract: This study have uniquely mad use of Box-Jenkins ARIMA models to address the core of the threes objectives set out in view of the focus to add meaningful value to knowledge exploration. The outcome of the research have testify the achievements of this through successful nine months outof-sample forecasts produced from the program codes, with indicating best model choices from the empirical estimation. In addition, the results also provide description of risks produced from the uncertainty Fan Chart, which clearly outlined possible downside and upside risks to tourist visitations in the country. In the conclusion, it was suggested that downside risks to the low level tourist arrival can be managed through collaboration between authorities concerned with the management of tourist arrivals in the country.
    Keywords: ARIMA Methodology; Out-of-Sample Forecast; Tourist Arrivals; Sierra Leone
    JEL: C32 C52 C53 L83
    Date: 2019–09–13
  14. By: Luisa Dörr; Florian Dorn; Stefanie Gäbler; Niklas Potrafke
    Abstract: We examine how new airport infrastructure influences regional tourism. Identification is based on the conversion of a military air base into a regional commercial airport in the German state of Bavaria. The new airport opened in 2007 and promotes travelling to the touristic region Allgäu in the Bavarian Alps. We use a synthetic control approach and show that the new commercial airport increased tourism in the Allgäu region over the period 2008-2016. The positive effect is especially pronounced in the county where the airport is located. Our results suggest that new transportation infrastructure promotes regional economic development.
    Keywords: Airports, tourism, regional development, transportation infrastructure, synthetic control method
    JEL: O18 Z38 L93
    Date: 2019

This nep-tur issue is ©2020 by Laura Vici. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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