nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2020‒01‒06
six papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Privatization of a Tourism Event: Do Attendees Perceive it as a Risky Cultural Lottery? By Giuseppe Attanasi; Francesco Passarelli; Giulia Urso; Hana Cosic
  2. Piloting territorial tourism in Morocco Proposal for a tourism index for the destination Fez By Aziz Hmioui; Lhoussaine Alla; Badr Bentalha
  3. Economical and Societal Benefits of Tourism (A Case Study of Bomborat Chital) By Azam, Amir; Maqsood, Shafiq Ahmad; Ahmad, Junaid; Din, Muhammad Azhar Ud
  4. Terror and Tourism : The Economic Consequences of Media Coverage By Besley, Timothy; Fetzer, Thiemo; Mueller, Hannes
  5. The Negative Impact of Social Media on Environmental Preservation, Activities of Tourism Marketing By Simon, Ian
  6. Development Strategies of Tourism-Based Economic Independence in Indonesia By Hasmin, Eli; Rapanna, Patta

  1. By: Giuseppe Attanasi (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Francesco Passarelli (University of Turin, Bocconi University [Milan, Italy]); Giulia Urso (Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI)); Hana Cosic (Institute of Economics, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Individuals might have different views about the benefits and the costs of privatizing a cultural event. On the one hand, privatization may increase the quality of the event due to expanding investments. On the other hand, it may lead to the dissipation of important cultural and traditional connotations. Since benefits and costs are uncertain, we frame an individual's choice regarding privatization as a lottery choice, where risk aversion and other individual traits play a role. We empirically investigate attendees' preferences for privatizing a mass gathering festival in Italy. The festival is attended by almost 100,000 tourists each year. Over a three-year period, we collected a large dataset of survey questions. We find that willingness to accept privatization is decreasing in tourists' risk aversion, while it is increasing in their sensitivity to the festival's quality. Cultural tourists perceive a higher risk of commodification in the case of privatization. Authenticity-seeking tourists act as gatekeepers of the genuine roots of local traditions. They demand original values, ultimately contributing to the festival's cultural sustainability. The purpose of attracting visitors is in fact commonly assumed to alter local culture, resulting in a staged authenticity; and privatization of cultural goods is often associated with commodification.
    Keywords: willingness to pay,risk aversion,festival ownership,cultural tourism,sustainable tourism,authenticity
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Aziz Hmioui (E.N.C.G - Ecole nationale de commerce et de gestion - Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University); Lhoussaine Alla (E.N.C.G - Ecole nationale de commerce et de gestion - Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University); Badr Bentalha (E.N.C.G - Ecole nationale de commerce et de gestion)
    Abstract: Both domestically and internationally, tourist destinations are under great pressure to make their attractiveness more effective and their performance more sustainable. This is all the more true since the current context is more marked by the crisis in the tourism sector, increased competition and profound changes in tourism supply and demand. As a result, each tourist territory has an obvious challenge in terms of competitiveness, as tourism professionals must develop strategies capable of building and maintaining profitable positions (Bartikowski, 2008). This requires a reinvented piloting of its permanence, here approached by the touristic nature of their area of competence. Thus, the current problem for destinations is no longer to respond to the market but to do better than the competition. Indeed, tourism must be analysed in terms of the relationship between competitiveness and the supply of tourist attractions, but also in terms of the relationship between competitiveness and the ability of stakeholders in the destination territory to cooperate.
    Abstract: Tant au niveau interne qu'international, les destinations touristiques sont soumises à de grandes pressions quant à l'efficacité de leur attractivité et à la durabilité de leur performance. Ceci est d'autant plus vrai que le contexte actuel est davantage marqué par la crise du secteur touristique, l'accentuation de la concurrence et les profondes mutations de l'offre et de la demande touristiques. En conséquence, chaque territoire touristique a un défi évident à relever en termes de compétitivité, les professionnels du tourisme se devant de développer des stratégies capables de construire et de maintenir des positions profitables (Bartikowski, 2008). Ce qui nécessite un pilotage réinventé de sa permanence, ici approchée par la touristicité de leur territoire de compétence. C'est ainsi que la problématique actuelle des destinations n'est plus tant de répondre au marché que de faire mieux que la concurrence. En effet, la touristicité doit s'analyser en terme certes de relation entre compétitivité et dotation en attractions touristiques, mais aussi de relation entre compétitivité et aptitude des parties prenantes du territoire-destination à coopérer.
    Keywords: pilotage de la touristicité,indice touristicité territoriale,touristicité territoriale,Attractivité territoriale
    Date: 2017–12–01
  3. By: Azam, Amir; Maqsood, Shafiq Ahmad; Ahmad, Junaid; Din, Muhammad Azhar Ud
    Abstract: Tourism is the totality of the relationship and phenomenon arising from travel and stay of strangers, provided the stay does not imply the establishment of a permanent residence and is not connected with a remunerated activity. The current study made an attempt to find out the socio economic impact of tourism on the local community of district Chitral by taking Bomburet as case study area. By taking sample of 60 respondents from a total population of 1500, a well prepared questioners were used as data collection tool with basic descriptive frequency distribution, cross tabulation and interpretation of the findings as statistics tool the findings of the study indicates that tourism play a key role in both socio-economic sector. The demand for local Fresh fruits, Dry Fruit, Hotelling, Transport and Handy Crafts made from the local persons are increasing. 68% of the respondent agreed that tourism play a vital role in the economic development of Chitral supporting their arguments they favored that it directly leads to increase of household income, improve infrastructure, helps in growth of hotel business, increase the capability of acquiring knowledge related to tourism and hotel management. Promotion of public goods provision, improvement in the SME’s of local communities and provision of better security with flourishing greenery in dry mountainous tracts can increase the tourism significantly in the region.
    Keywords: Tourism, Types of Tourism, Economical Benefits, Societal Benefits, Chitral
    JEL: J62 L26 M38
    Date: 2018–10–13
  4. By: Besley, Timothy (London School of Economics); Fetzer, Thiemo (Warwick University); Mueller, Hannes (IAE - CSIC)
    Abstract: This paper studies the economic effects of news-coverage of violent events. To do so, we combine monthly aggregated and anonymized credit card data on tourism spending from 114 origin countries and 5 tourist destinations (Turkey, Egypt,Tunisia,Israel and Morocco) with a large corpus of more than 446 thousand newspaper articles covering news on the 5 destination countries from a subset of 57 tourist origin countries. We document that violent events in a destination are followed by sharp spikes in negative reporting at origin and contractions in tourist activity. Media coverage of violence has a large independent effect on tourist spending beyond what can be accounted for by controlling for the incidence of violence. We develop a model in which tourist beliefs, actual violence and media reporting are modelled together. This model allows us to quantify the effect of violent events and reporting.
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Simon, Ian
    Abstract: The use of social media to promote tourism is evidently showing a significant and important role in the industry. Most research studies focus in the areas of social media marketing and its impact on tourism industry, without giving more emphases its negative effect on environmental preservation.
    Date: 2019–03–31
  6. By: Hasmin, Eli (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Makassar (STIEM) Bongaya); Rapanna, Patta
    Abstract: This type of qualitative research approach through Phenomenology, as results showed that the tourism sector is an important sector in stimulating the economic development of both the macro level as well as the micro level, the success of tourism vary Depending on the seriousness of the Government and the support of the whole party is either an element of Government, private, community and among educators, in addition to that aspect of the management of the leading resource-based and reliable promotion will accelerate success tourism in Indonesia.
    Date: 2018–08–31

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