nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒12‒10
five papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Does CSR contribute to the development of rural young people in cultural tourism of sub-Saharan Africa? Evidence from the Niger Delta in Nigeria By Joseph I. Uduji; Elda N. Okolo-Obasi; Simplice A. Asongu
  2. Sustainable Tourism Development and Climate Change: A Supply-Side Perspective By Del Chiappa, Giacomo; Usai, Stefano; Cocco, Antonio; Atzeni, Marcello
  3. Tourism and Social Media in the World: An Empirical Investigation By Simplice A. Asongu; Nicholas M. Odhiambo
  4. Contemporary Drivers of Global Tourism: Evidence from Terrorism and Peace Factors By Simplice A. Asongu; Joseph Nnanna; Nicholas Biekpe; Paul N. Acha-Anyi
  5. Mitigating externalities of terrorism on tourism: global evidence from police, security officers and armed service personnel By Simplice A. Asongu; Jacinta C. Nwachukwu

  1. By: Joseph I. Uduji (University of Nigeria,Nsukka, Nigeria); Elda N. Okolo-Obasi (University of Nigeria,Nsukka, Nigeria); Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé, Cameroon)
    Abstract: Handicrafts are key cultural products consumed in the Nigeria’s tourism industry. Owing to low entry barriers, as handicrafts require a low level of capital investment, there is potential to develop viable linkages between tourism and local handicrafts sectors that create economic opportunities for local artisans. Thus, we assess the impact of a new corporate social responsibility (CSR) model of multinational oil companies on the development of rural young people (RYP) in cultural tourism in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Six hundred RYP were sampled across the rural Niger Delta region. Using the logit model, results indicate that RYP have remained widely excluded from the General Memorandum of Understandings (GMoUs) interventions in cultural tourism projects due to the traditional beliefs that cultural affairs are prerogatives of elders, a caveat to the youths. This implies that if the traditions of the communities continue to hinder direct participation of the RYP from the GMoUs cultural tourism project interventions, achieving equality and cultural change would be limited in the region. The findings suggest that since handicrafts are key cultural products consumed in the tourism industry, GMoUs can play a role in helping to create an appropriate intervention structure that will be targeted towards youth empowerment in the area of traditional handicraft. This can be achieved if the Cluster Development Boards (CDBs) would focus on integrating rural young artisans into local tourism value chains and ensuring that they benefit economically from the sector. The CDBs should aim at creating space for the views of rural young indigenous people’s handicrafts; emphasizing the value of indigenous knowledge, particularly on arts and crafts for tourists and expatriate in multinational corporations in Nigeria.
    Keywords: Inequality, cultural tourism, handicrafts, CSR
    JEL: F20 H20 M14 O11
    Date: 2018–01
  2. By: Del Chiappa, Giacomo; Usai, Stefano; Cocco, Antonio; Atzeni, Marcello
    Abstract: This paper presents and discusses findings of research carried out on a sample of 141 tourism stakeholders with two tourism destinations located in Sardinia, Italy. Specifically, it investigates: (1) the priorities that respondents consider essential to attain sustainability and competitiveness for their business and the destination as a whole, (2) the main barriers to tourism sustainability and (3) their attitude towards climate change and its influence on tourism. Our contribution to the literature, along with managerial implications, is discussed and suggestions for future research are given.
    Keywords: Supply-side perspective; tourism sustainability; destination competitiveness; barriers, climate change
    JEL: L83 Q1 Q56
    Date: 2018–01–18
  3. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Nicholas M. Odhiambo (Pretoria, South Africa)
    Abstract: The study examines the relationship between tourism and social media from a cross section of 138 countries with data for the year 2012.The empirical evidence is based on Ordinary Least Squares, Negative Binomial and Quantile regressions. Two main findings are established. First, there is a positive relationship between Facebook penetration and the number of tourist arrivals. Second, Facebook penetration is more relevant in promoting tourist arrivals in countries where initial levels in tourist arrivals are the highest and low. The established positive relationship can be elucidated from four principal angles: the transformation of travel research, the rise in social sharing, improvements in customer service and the reshaping of travel agencies. This study explores a new dataset on social media. There are very few empirical studies on the relevance of social media in development outcomes.
    Keywords: Social Media; Tourism
    JEL: D83 O30
    Date: 2018–05
  4. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Joseph Nnanna (The Development Bank of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria); Nicholas Biekpe (University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa); Paul N. Acha-Anyi (University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg)
    Abstract: This study examines the effect of terrorism and peace on tourist destination arrivals using a panel of 163 countries with data for the period 2010 to 2015. The empirical evidence is based on Generalised Method of Moments and Negative Binomial (NB) regressions. Our best estimators are from NB regressions from which the following main findings are established. First, political instability, violent demonstrations and number of homicides negatively affect tourist arrivals while the number of incarcerations positively influences the outcome variable. Second the effects from military expenditure, “armed service personnel†and “security officers and polices†are not positively significant. Managerial implications are discussed.
    Keywords: Terrorism; Peace; Tourism
    JEL: D74
    Date: 2018–01
  5. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Jacinta C. Nwachukwu (Preston, United Kingdom)
    Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the role of security officers, the police and armed service personnel in dampening the effect of terrorism externalities on tourist arrivals. The temporal and geographic scopes are respectively 2010-2015 and 163 countries. Four terrorism measurements are used. They include the number of: incidents, injuries, fatalities and property damages. The main findings indicate that armed service personnel can effectively be used to modulate the damaging influence of all four terrorism externalities in order to achieve a positive net effect on tourist arrivals. Conversely, the corresponding moderating role of security officers and the police is not statistically significant. Moreover, violent demonstrations and homicides have a harmful effect on tourist arrivals while the number of incarcerations displays the opposite effect. Policy implications are discussed.
    Keywords: Terrorism; Peace; Tourism
    JEL: D74
    Date: 2018–01

This nep-tur issue is ©2018 by Laura Vici. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.