nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒11‒26
five papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Visitors’ satisfaction in Dubai and pre-trip destination image By Xesfingi, Sofia; Papadopoulou, Georgia; Karamanis, Dimitrios; Martens, Hanno M.
  2. Analysing megatrends to better shape the future of tourism By OECD
  3. Voluntourism as a Pro-Poor Tourism: A Case of Volunteer Tourism in Thailand By Raweewan Proyrungroj
  4. Does Farmer s Identity Make a Difference in Efficiency in Dairy Farms Conducting Educational Tourism? Evaluation by Slacks-based Measure DEA Models By Ohe, Y.
  5. Understanding cruise passengers’ motivations: The case of Greece By Papadopoulou, Georgia; Xesfingi, Sofia

  1. By: Xesfingi, Sofia; Papadopoulou, Georgia; Karamanis, Dimitrios; Martens, Hanno M.
    Abstract: Understanding the factors that influence tourists’ satisfaction and the pre-trip destination image of potential visitors is particularly important for policy makers and tourism marketers. The objective of this study is twofold; first to assess the satisfaction level of tourists who have visited Dubai and further explore the factors that shape it and associate with it. Second, to assess the intention to visit Dubai according to the pre-trip destination image of potential tourists. This empirical study relies on a unique sample of 210 participants from all over the world in the year 2017. Several demographic characteristics as well as variables related to the trip process and the city attributes are collected and explored in order to document any relationship between the two groups. The major findings of the ordered logit analysis demonstrate that the city attributes are the most significant contributors to tourists’ satisfaction and to non visitors’ intention to visit Dubai. Trip factors and demographic characteristics also play a significant role only for the group of visitors. The overall satisfaction is what creates loyalty and drives tourists to repeat their visit.
    Keywords: Tourist Satisfaction, Pre-trip destination image, Behavioral Intention, Dubai
    JEL: L83 N75
    Date: 2018–11
  2. By: OECD
    Abstract: The future of tourism will be impacted by large-scale social, economic, political, environmental and technological changes, bringing new and often unseen challenges, threats and opportunities. These “megatrends” are slow to form, but once they have taken root, exercise a profound and lasting influence on human activities, processes and perceptions, including for tourism. Four megatrends are likely to have significant impacts and relevance for tourism: i) evolving visitor demand; ii) sustainable tourism growth; iii) enabling technologies; and iv) travel mobility. Exploring the multidimensional implications of these megatrends to 2040 is important to inform policy and shape the future of tourism. This Tourism Paper develops a range of plausible scenarios and potential policy responses for the megatrends mentioned above, it then examines how policy makers can better prepare for megatrends, and presents a set of guiding principles for effective strategic foresight in tourism.
    Keywords: enabling technologies, megatrends, scenario planning, strategic foresight, sustainable tourism, tourism, travel mobility, visitor demand
    Date: 2018–11–23
  3. By: Raweewan Proyrungroj (Suan Sunanda Rajabhat University)
    Abstract: Volunteer tourism or voluntourism is a relatively new form of tourism which is viewed as a means for poverty reduction or an approach for pro-poor tourism in the developing countries. The primary aim of this research was to examine the role of volunteer tourism in poverty alleviation. It employed an interpretive paradigm utilizing qualitative data collection methods including semi-structured interviews and participant observation. The informants included twelve volunteer tourists who were on a working vacation in Thailand, and fifteen local residents in Thailand in the communities where volunteer tourism activities took place. The findings of the research indicate that in the point of view of both the volunteer tourists and the local residents, volunteer tourism could be used as an effective means to help reduce the state of poverty in the local communities. Specifically, volunteer tourism activities helped transfer of wealth as well as better skills and knowledge from rich or developed countries to poor or developing countries. It was also perceived as a means for providing unfortunate local people with an opportunity to learn English which will enable to have a better life in the future. The research findings provide tourism practitioners, especially those related to volunteer tourism, with insights on how to organize volunteer tourism in the way that that poor people can truly benefit from such tourism activity.
    Keywords: Volunteer Tourism, Pro-Poor Tourism, Poverty Reduction
    JEL: Y90 A10
    Date: 2018–11
  4. By: Ohe, Y.
    Abstract: Whether farm management conducting tourism activity becomes more efficient or not is an important theoretical and empirical question for the promotion of tourism in agriculture. Thus, this study theoretically and empirically evaluated the efficiency of Educational Dairy Farms (EDFs) that provide educational tourism by DEA. The financial data were collected by the author s survey of these farms located around the Tokyo Metropolitan area. Based on the theoretical framework that stipulates that the efficiency of farm activity is determined by a farmer s identity, a bilateral slacks-based measure (SBM) model applied to empirically evaluate efficiency. The results revealed that those farmers that engage in processing milk products and direct selling have higher efficiency than those who do not. This is because having an enlarged identity that provides a wider perspective on farm activity enables these farmers to create demand and reduce marginal cost. This wider perspective was nurtured through the network of educational tourism activity. Thus, educational tourism activity by dairy farmers can nurture a new business opportunity and lead to efficient farm resource allocation. Acknowledgement : This study was funded by Japan Dairy Association (J-milk). The author is grateful for the cooperation from the Japan Dairy Council, Kanto Dairy Cooperatives and Chiba Dairy Cooperatives, and EDFs that cooperated for the implementation of this study.
    Keywords: Consumer/Household Economics
    Date: 2018–07
  5. By: Papadopoulou, Georgia; Xesfingi, Sofia
    Abstract: This paper aims to examine cruise passengers’ profile and their motivations for taking a cruise in Greece. The study provides insights into the motivations of 456 tourists traveling to Greece to experience a cruise. This article uses existing literature relevant to tourists’ motivations. The population of the current study consisted of passengers who disembarked in the port of Piraeus after an 8-day cruise in the Aegean Sea. The sample concentrated only on passengers who experienced a cruise in the Aegean Sea and consists of both international and local cruise passengers. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24 was used to perform statistical procedures. The findings suggest that motivation dimensions of cruise passengers are structured in three major factors, “culture and tradition”, escape and relaxation” and “enjoyment and shopping”. Also, there is no statistically significant correlation between satisfaction and likelihood of returning, in contrast with the word-of-mouth.
    Keywords: Cruise motivations, cruise passengers, factor analysis, satisfaction, likelihood of returning
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2018–11

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