nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒11‒19
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. The Impact of Foreign Participation in Outdoor Tourism Activities on Job Creation By Santos, Eleonora; Khan, Shahed
  2. Contemporary Drivers of Global Tourism: Evidence from Terrorism and Peace Factors By Simplice Asongu; Joseph Nnanna; Nicholas Biekpe; Paul N. Acha-Anyi

  1. By: Santos, Eleonora; Khan, Shahed
    Abstract: We test whether foreign tourists in outdoor activities have contributed to job creation in Northern Portugal in 2006-2014. This is the very first study in Portugal that focus on the impact of foreign participation in outdoor activities on job creation, being innovative in this regard. Based on data from 4 sources, we employ OLS to regress the employment changes on the number of new firms, turnover, the share of foreigners in outdoor tourism activities, and on labour productivity. Results indicate a negative but not statistically significant impact. This result may imply that the higher foreign participation in outdoor tourism activities the lesser the number of employees in those firms. However, since results are non-significant they suggest the need of further empirical investigation.
    Keywords: Outdoor Activities,Tourism,Portugal,Job Creation
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Simplice Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Joseph Nnanna (The Development Bank of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria); Nicholas Biekpe (University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa); Paul N. Acha-Anyi (University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg)
    Abstract: This study examines the effect of terrorism and peace on tourist destination arrivals using a panel of 163 countries with data for the period 2010 to 2015. The empirical evidence is based on Generalised Method of Moments and Negative Binomial (NB) regressions. Our best estimators are from NB regressions from which the following main findings are established. First, political instability, violent demonstrations and number of homicides negatively affect tourist arrivals while the number of incarcerations positively influences the outcome variable. Second the effects from military expenditure, “armed service personnel” and “security officers and polices” are not positively significant. Managerial implications are discussed.
    Keywords: Terrorism; Peace; Tourism
    JEL: D74
    Date: 2018–01

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