nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒10‒29
five papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. The quality of spatial variety of urban tourism and hotel room rates By Tony ShunTe Yuo
  2. An Empirical Review of the Integrated Tourism and Leisure Enterprise on Corporate Social Responsibility Engagements - The Macao Context By Margaret Ngan-Fung Tang
  3. Tourism in Pacific island countries: A status quo round-up By Joseph M Cheer, Stephen Pratt, Denis Tolkach, Anthony Bailey, Semisi Taumoepeau and Apisalome Movono
  4. Determinants of Tourism in French Overseas Departments and Collectivities By Florent Deisting; Serge Rey
  5. The tourist tax in the Italian municipalities By Laura Conti; Elena Gennari; Fabio Quintiliani; Roberto Rassu; Elena Sceresini

  1. By: Tony ShunTe Yuo
    Abstract: Tourism has become one of the major strategies for urban or city authority to generate competitiveness. The benefits include increasing incoming tourists, conference and conventional business opportunities, foreign direct investments, establishing operational sites or even headquarters. For local citizens, successful tourism could enhance job opportunities, innovations and normally will induce higher infrastructures qualities. Under current trend of IoT and big data applications, smart tourism is meant to be one of the crucial movements of this century. This research established a spatial database of tourism resources of Taiwan and its major competitors from open data sources to evaluate and reveal the gaps between users’ demands and current tourism data supply. This research focused on Taiwan and its surrounding competitive cities, and examining the methodologies and proper open data environment. The results suggested a more user- orientation open data platform should be considered and the 3D visualized measurements of spatial variety could help users to identify and making tourism decisions. The empirical results also reveal some interesting implications to the determinants of hotel room rates.
    Keywords: Agglomeration Economies; Data Mining; Spatial Analysis; Visualizing measurements
    JEL: R3
    Date: 2018–01–01
  2. By: Margaret Ngan-Fung Tang (Institute of Macao Polytechnic)
    Abstract: As the global business platform has accelerated innovative competitive advantage to a new frontier, more countries and organizations engage corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices, both public organizations and private enterprises penetrate deeper philosophy with enhanced understanding to reinforce the CSR for one?s long-term sustainable development in the global market environment. Corporate social responsibility has been nurtured for more than a few decades. It has been taken long tail period to develop from intangible ideology to the current status with popular general acceptance by broad stakeholders. As the well-off developed nations and countries have cascaded to the developing regions to proceed the latent CSR, it is denoted that the execution of such good intent is inherent to particular local conditions to interpret its unique corporate social responsibility dimensions and perspectives. In this empirical study, the research aims to inquire and assess the dimensions and experience of the integrated tourism and leisure enterprise (ITLE) in Macao on CSR and their effects. The research methodology adopted a combined approach. The qualitative content analysis draws on data from real-time seminar presentation reporting of the six gaming and leisure enterprises and an interview. One of the findings is that the government deemed having a key role to impact CSR engagements in an evolving contextual environment. Another finding is that the developing region may display an outside-in management perspective with shifting pattern CSR initiatives to share discretionary corporate management reporting. The research result provides researchers evaluative angles to gain pertinent understanding and aggregate insights to alert CSR directions for Macao. It also provides a snapshot of the future strategic CSR management development angles to advocate Macao towards a world-class leisure and resort tourism hub. The research results add understanding of the practical knowledge to the contextual CSR engagement and implication. Future research is proposed for the mixed method in order to comprehend and track sustainable CSR development under the hybrid competitive environment. The research concludes with business marketing and management implications.
    Keywords: corporate social responsibility (CSR), Integrated Tourism and Leisure Enterprise (ITLE)
    JEL: M16
    Date: 2018–07
  3. By: Joseph M Cheer, Stephen Pratt, Denis Tolkach, Anthony Bailey, Semisi Taumoepeau and Apisalome Movono
    Abstract: In the 21st century, Pacific island countries (PICs) continue to leverage for tourism the attributes that have imbued them, including appeals to their cultural, geographical, and climatic allure. However, the question raised more frequently by many is why despite the many decades of tourism across the region, development impacts from the sector remain largely muted. The key remit of this paper is to offer a status quo round†up of tourism in PICs and to draw on key emergent themes that underlay the present context. There is little doubt that for policymakers and their international development partners, whether tourism has or can lead to enduring development outcomes remains clouded in questions over whether there is ample evidence available to support such assertions. However, this has failed to dampen the enthusiasm of multilateral agencies that promote the notion that tourism's potential remains largely underdeveloped. With largely narrow economic bases, PICs have little choice but to seek further development of tourism despite the many fundamental constraints that make them less competitive than Southeast Asian destinations.
    Keywords: Pacific Islands, tourism, tourism development, tourism economy, tourism impact
    Date: 2018–10–05
  4. By: Florent Deisting (CATT - Centre d'Analyse Théorique et de Traitement des données économiques - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour); Serge Rey (CATT - Centre d'Analyse Théorique et de Traitement des données économiques - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour)
    Abstract: This article focuses on the determinants of tourism in French overseas departments and collectivities. An initial estimate of a panel model of annual data for Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion Island, French Polynesia, and New Caledonia (NC), over the period 1990–2012, shows that a 1% appreciation of the euro against the dollar reduces the number of tourists by 0.47%. The results also confirm the negative impact of distance/transport costs and the chikungunya crisis. Conversely, stronger growth in France or the United States and a higher level of wealth in the collectives promote tourism. A more detailed panel analysis, with monthly data for NC over the period 1995–2014, reveals that a 1% appreciation of the euro reduces tourism flows by 0.12%, and higher inflation in NC also penalizes tourism. However, distance and the economic situation of the country of origin do not significantly influence tourism flows to NC.
    Keywords: Tourism,French overseas departments and collectivities,New Caledonia,Panel model,Euro/US dollar
    Date: 2018–09–24
  5. By: Laura Conti (Bank of Italy); Elena Gennari (Bank of Italy); Fabio Quintiliani (Bank of Italy); Roberto Rassu (Bank of Italy); Elena Sceresini (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: We study the implementation of the tourist tax in Italian municipalities, highlighting the link between its reach and the inbound tourist flows. The reference period is the year 2016. Municipalities with the tourist tax in 2016 are only one ninth of all Italian municipalities and one sixth of those eligible to do so, but they attract 70 per cent of inbound tourists. Revenues are on average about 4 per cent of all local taxation (around €20 per resident). Rome, Milan, Florence and Venice head the municipalities in terms of revenues. In fact, although these four towns only account for 7 per cent of total nights spent by tourists in Italy, their revenue share is over 50 per cent. A simple econometric estimation shows that the probability of introducing a tourist tax in a municipality is highly correlated to the tourist attractions of the local area and to the same tax being applied in the neighbouring municipalities, suggesting possible strategic interaction between them
    Keywords: ecotax, tourist tax, local taxation, lodging tax
    JEL: H23 H71
    Date: 2018–10

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