nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒10‒22
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Tourism Observatories 3.0: A Transnational Experiment in the MED By Luis Nobre Pereira; Margarida Santos; Dario Bertocchi; Nicola Camatti; Jan Van der Borg
  2. An Attempt to Create New Value at Open-air Museums in Japan: Use of Wearable Devices By Akihiro ABE

  1. By: Luis Nobre Pereira (Department of Economics, University of Algarve, Portugal); Margarida Santos (Department of Economics, University of Algarve, Portugal); Dario Bertocchi (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari); Nicola Camatti (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari); Jan Van der Borg (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari)
    Abstract: Following the precedent set by the Virtual Tourism Observatory run by the European Commission-DG GROW a few years ago, several initiatives have taken place to design and manage tourism observatories at both the transnational and local level. However, these initiatives do not yet seem able to provide adequate operational responses to the challenges that the Commission launched with the original VTO. While the opportunities offered by the Web 3.0 still do not seem to have been sufficiently taken advantage of, such initiatives also have not yet developed suitable methodologies to operationally include the tourism industry in the studies and monitoring performed by the OTs. This work presents an OT prototype including a participatory DSS (PDSS) designed specifically to overcome the aforementioned limits. The prototype was tested in 2017 on the entire eligible area of the 2014-2020 MED Programme covering 52 regions. The potentialities of this PDSS are shown through two case studies, one Italian and the other Portuguese.
    Keywords: Tourism Observatory, Destination Management, Decision Support System, participatory processes, coastal and maritime destinations
    JEL: L83 O18 R58
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Akihiro ABE (Iwate Prefectural University)
    Abstract: In recent years, the business conditions of museums in Japan have been growing increasingly severe as attendance falls and the local governments that operate them are forced to cut budgets. The same is true of open-air museums, which also face the additional pressure of maintenance and management costs for their vast sites and buildings. For this reason, there are reports from across Japan of attempts to increase numbers of visitors at such museums by making them more attractive as tourism resources, by stressing hospitality or strengthening ties with the local community. It is thought that one effective means of overcoming these challenges faced by open-air museums would be through enhancement of information services, which encourage the understanding of and connections with various stakeholders. This study attempted to create new services using wearable devices in order to improve hospitality at open-air museums located on vast sites on hilly land. We implemented an action research approach to gather knowledge on solutions to problems faced in the field, by intervening in activities on site at two open-air museums in Japan. Providing information to support visitors? tours of the museums, integrated with physical information and spatial information, added new value to existing smartphone-based systems intended to support visitors by explaining museum exhibits. Through experiments in the field by proposing ?Physical condition management and barrier-free information provision when viewing cultural heritage? at the Hiraizumi World Heritage Site and a new type of information service characterized by ?Fusion of support for viewing works of art and health promotion activities? at an open-air art museum, we elucidated the expected results and issues involved in practical operation.
    Keywords: ICT Service Design, Open-air Museum Management, Action Research
    Date: 2018–07

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