nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2018‒07‒30
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  2. Rural tourism in Lebanon: what does the market reveal? By Socrat Ghadban; Maya Shames; Jad Arrage; Amal Fayyad

  1. By: Kaji Gurung (Seven Star International Travel and Tours (P.) Ltd.)
    Abstract: Tourism is the travel of people from one place to another; whether it is within their own country or to other countries. It is naturally a human character. Attraction is the most causative element of tourism. Various natural and cultural heritages of Nepal, its diverse topography, varied climate, its diverse flora and fauna, different shrines and temples, jungle safari and trekking attract tourists in Nepal. This study uses the data of the Nepal tourism statistics 2012 published by Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation. The Rana ruler isolated Nepal from external influences for a hundred and four years. During that period, Nepal was a ?forbidden land? for foreigners. Tourism in Nepal was promoted after the establishment of democracy in 1951. Tourists? influx shows a steady trend in different periods in Nepal. The average length of stay of tourist is not so long. The tourist flow in Nepal is generally confined during the spring and autumn seasons. The recent trend of tourists' arrival in Nepal seems satisfactory.
    Keywords: Travelling, tourists, influx, heritage, flora and fauna, pleasure, mountaineering, pilgrimage
    Date: 2017–07
  2. By: Socrat Ghadban (CERTOP - Centre d'Etude et de Recherche Travail Organisation Pouvoir - UT2J - Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UPS - Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse 3 - INU Champollion - Institut national universitaire Champollion - Albi - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Lebanese University [Beirut]); Maya Shames (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Jad Arrage (Lebanese University [Beirut]); Amal Fayyad (Lebanese University [Beirut])
    Abstract: The concept of rural tourism encompasses many forms of tourism, such as nature-based tourism, community-based tourism, ecotourism, agro-tourism, and many more. Scholars consider tourism an important tool for revenue generation for communities living in rural areas. However, ineffective planning and management of the tourism industry may lead to undesired results in rural destinations, sometimes negatively affecting their rich natural and cultural heritage. In Lebanon, the last decade witnessed an increase of the rural tourism share within the tourism industry. Until today, there are no scientific studies of the supply and demand for this sector in Lebanon. This survey aims to analyze the demand for rural tourism among the domestic market hoping to provide information for actors in the field. The data show-case evidences about the needs, preferences and expectations of potential urban travelers, and factors affecting them. Data collection was completed in May 2014 with a sample of 436 persons, mostly Lebanese urban inhabitants, during the Travel Lebanon exhibition dedicated to promote rural tourism in Lebanon. The statistical analysis revealed important information about the perception and behavior of potential visitors. Personal characteristics, especially respondents' personal income and cultural background, have been identified as major factors that affect their decision-making process regarding tourism services and facilities. Results also revealed a lack of awareness by the surveyed respondents about critical sustainable tourism issues in rural areas, and a visitor perception that is somewhat different from what is actually being provided by tourism stakeholders in rural areas.
    Keywords: Rural tourism,domestic tourism,demand analysis,motivations and preferences
    Date: 2017–12–05

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