nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2016‒12‒18
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Economic impact of cruise activity: the port of Barcelona By Esther Vayá; José Ramón García; Joaquim Murillo; Javier Romaní; Jordi Suriñach
  2. Tourism-led Growth Hypothesis in the Top Ten Tourist Destinations: New Evidence Using the Quantile-on-Quantile Approach By Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Ferrer, Román; Kumar, Ronald Ravinesh

  1. By: Esther Vayá (AQR-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona); José Ramón García (AQR-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona); Joaquim Murillo (AQR-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona); Javier Romaní (AQR-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona); Jordi Suriñach (AQR-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona)
    Abstract: Tourism is a highly dynamic sector. An example of this is the boom that cruise tourism has seen in recent years, leading many countries to consider cruises a key product in their development of tourism. The Port of Barcelona has become the leading cruise port in the Mediterranean area (2.4 million cruise passengers in 2014), highlighting its role as both a port of call and a homeport. Such leadership is explained by the conjunction of several factors: its strategic geographical position, its high quality port and transportation infrastructures, and the attractiveness of the city of Barcelona itself, for both its cultural and artistic heritage and its leisure and shopping opportunities. This article quantifies the local and regional economic impact generated by cruise activity in the Port of Barcelona. Using input-output methodology, its overall impact is computed for the year 2014 as the sum of three partial impacts: direct effect, indirect effect and induced effect. This article is pioneering at the European level, in combining different issues: estimating the impact of the Barcelona Cruise Port activity, presenting these impacts disaggregated at a sectoral level, using a rigorous methodology and carrying out extensive fieldwork. The estimated impacts demonstrate that all sectors, not just traditional tourism-related sectors, benefit from cruise tourism. Despite the significant economic benefits that cruise activity has generated over the whole Catalan economy, it is important to note that such activity also generates negative externalities associated with congestion and environmental issues. The reduction of these negative effects is one of the major challenges in making the development of cruise tourism sustainable in a city like Barcelona
    Keywords: Cruise Tourism, Port of Barcelona, Economic Impact, Input-Output Methodology.
    Date: 2016–12
  2. By: Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Ferrer, Román; Kumar, Ronald Ravinesh
    Abstract: This paper examines the empirical validity of the tourism-led growth hypothesis in the top ten tourist destinations in the world (China, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States) using the quantile-on-quantile (QQ) approach and a new index of tourism activity that combines the most commonly used tourism indicators. This methodology, recently introduced by Sim and Zhou (2015), provides an ideal framework with which to capture the overall dependence structure between tourism development and economic growth. The empirical results primarily show a positive relation between tourism and economic growth for the ten countries considered with substantial variations across countries and across quantiles within each country. The weakest links are noted for China and Germany, possibly because of the limited importance of the tourism sector relative to other major economic activities in those countries. Important country-specific policy implications may be drawn from these findings.
    Keywords: tourism, economic growth, tourism-led growth hypothesis, real GDP per capita, quantile-on-quantile (QQ) approach
    JEL: A1
    Date: 2016–12–01

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