nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2016‒10‒09
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Nightlife Tourism: A Blessing or a Curse for Host Communities? “A Case Study on Gemmayzeh, Lebanon” By Hanna El Maalouf; Socrat Ghadban; Maya Shames
  2. Luxury in Tourisme By Sopheap Theng

  1. By: Hanna El Maalouf (Université Libanaise); Socrat Ghadban (Lebanese University-Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management); Maya Shames (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Gemmayzeh is located in Beirut Central District, known to be one of the most famous night attractions in the Lebanese capital. It is also a special attraction for domestic visitors and tourists. However, despite its competitive nightlife advantages in the Lebanese tourism industry, its local residents are not convinced with the way tourism is being developed in this area. The lack of cooperation among the different potential tourism stakeholders and the absence of effective regulations and policies have affected the traditions and heritage of the local residents especially that this specific region is one of the oldest in Beirut with many historical and cultural buildings. All these vibes have created negative impacts on the community’s well-being. The absence of tourism planning is affecting most of the Lebanese tourism attractions and it is getting worse with time especially in the case of Gemmayzeh whose residents have been involved in direct conflicts with visitors and are trying to avoid the negative impacts on their children at times. Therefore, this study aims to review the impacts of tourism development on Gemmayzeh’s local residents, to assess and analyze the type of involvement of local communities in tourism planning and development and to explore the attitudes and perceptions of local residents towards tourism development and its impacts on the community. Out of 1,400 permanent local residents in Gemmayzeh, 50 respondents (representing 5% of the target population) were selected and surveyed during January, 2014. Results have revealed that the lack of involvement of local residents in tourism planning and development has negatively affected their perception towards tourism development. Although this issue is affecting the local community, results revealed that the majority of respondents, mainly young ones, have no problem with nightlife as a type of tourism but with the way it has been developed for years. Furthermore, respondents suggested the development of other forms of tourism such as cultural tourism which can have a better impact on all stakeholders.
    Keywords: Socio-cultural tourism impacts, Stakeholder collaboration, Nightlife tourism, Gemmayzeh,Tourism development, Local community involvement
    Date: 2015–08–14
  2. By: Sopheap Theng (BIORECA - Biodiversité, Risques Écologiques dans les Territoires Caraïbes Insulaires -)
    Abstract: There are a number of tourism destinations which wish to be part of the luxury destination market; with their new and modern infrastructures, they believe they are considered as luxury. But, luxury is not decreed. Luxury is all about a system of production of specific offers. Only “one-of-a-kind” accommodation enrolled in the exceptional frameworks (nature or historical), sometimes in the heart of major capitals for exclusive enjoyment “between-ourself”, can be considered as luxury. The objective of this study is to identify luxury in the tourism field, to define its indicators and to identify the necessary conditions of luxury tourism through accommodation, attractions and destinations specialized in luxury tourism propaganda!
    Abstract: Nombre de destinations se réclament du tourisme de luxe ; vantant les mérites des nouvelles constructions ex nihilo, elles imaginent s’imposer dans le champ du tourisme de luxe sans en connaître les fondements. Or, le luxe ne se décrète pas. Le luxe s’inscrit dans un système de production de l’offre spécifique. Il privilégie des établissements singuliers inscrits dans les cadres exceptionnels (nature ou historique) parfois au cœur des grandes capitales pour une jouissance exclusive entre-soi. L’objectif de cette étude est de cerner le luxe dans le champ du tourisme, de définir des indicateurs, d’identifier les conditions nécessaires au tourisme de luxe à travers des établissements, des lieux, des destinations spécialisés.
    Keywords: hotel,luxury,luxury tourism,luxe tourisme de luxe,hôte,destination
    Date: 2015–04–15

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