nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2016‒02‒12
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. An exploratory study of Tourist-patient satisfaction and behavioral intentions in medical tourism: Post-hoc segmentation By Nahla Ben Yekhlef Boukadida; Salah Boumaiza
  2. The role of museums in bilateral tourist flows: Evidence from Italy By Campaniello, Nadia; Richiardi, Matteo
  4. “Tourism and high speed rail in Spain: Does the AVE increase local visitors?” By Daniel Albalate; Javier Campos; Juan Luis Jiménez

  1. By: Nahla Ben Yekhlef Boukadida (ERMA - Entreprises et Recherche en Marketing - faculté des sciences économiques et de gestion de tunis); Salah Boumaiza (ERMA - Entreprises et Recherche en Marketing - faculté des sciences économiques et de gestion de tunis)
    Abstract: This study is an exploration of international tourist-patients’ satisfaction and their behavioral intentions toward a medical destination. The main objective here was to determine whether the perception of price fairness and the positive perception of doctor quality play a positive role in the post-purchase behavior. The proposed model was tested with a PLSPM that is adapted to non-normal data and the small sample size. The results of global model (whole sample) showed that there is heterogeneity in responses obtained. Therefore, a REBUS-PLS analysis was conducted to detect latent segments. The result sets of this research bring a new light on the post-consumption behavior of the tourist-patient. They are discussed at the end of this paper with their theoretical and managerial implications.
    Keywords: Medical tourism, post-consumption behaviors, doctor quality, price value, segmentation
    Date: 2015–05–08
  2. By: Campaniello, Nadia; Richiardi, Matteo
    Abstract: This paper estimates the causal relationship between the supply of art and tourist flows. We use aggregate bilateral data on tourist flows and on museums in the twenty Italian regions. To solve the potential endogeneity of the supply of museums we use three different empirical strategies: we control for bilateral macro-area dummies, we compute the degree of selection on unobservables relative to observables which would be necessary to drive the result to zero and, finally, we adopt a 2SLS approach that uses a measure of historical patronage, the number of noble families, as an instrument for the number of museums. We find strong evidence of a causal relationship between museums and tourist flows. Local supply of art helps not only attracting cultural consumers from other regions, but retaining residents who would otherwise visit other regions to consume arts. We conclude the paper with a back-of-the-envelope calculation of the economic impact (driven by tourism) of museums.
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Bruno Marques (CEREGMIA - Centre de Recherche en Economie, Gestion, Modélisation et Informatique Appliquée - UAG - Université des Antilles et de la Guyane)
    Abstract: Two major findings emerge from the theoretical analysis of Transport-Tourism link via a game theory type model of capacity coordination. Firstly the model explains the optimal capacities ratio of Transport and Tourism by the quotient of the ratio of tourism type (ratio of the length of stay in the destination and of transport duration) divided by the installation costs ratio (of transport and tourism).The corollary of this first finding gives the second outcome: The optimal transport and Tourism profit ratio is the product of the ratio of the type of tourism by the index of overcapacity conditions (a non linear combination of installation costs, and durations). From these results, it follows an interpretive grid that allows, according to tourism types, firstly to identify the optimal overcapacities by the difference between installation costs; and secondly the equilibrium ratio of profits according to the overcapacity direction and the tourism types.
    Abstract: Deux résultats ressortent de l’analyse théorique du lien Transport-tourisme via un modèle de coordination des capacités : l’expression et les déterminants des capacités et des profits optimaux relatifs du Transport et du Tourisme. L’article démontre que le rapport des capacités optimales de transport et de tourisme dépend du ratio comparatif de leurs coûts d’installation à celui inversé de leur poids relatif. Ce premier résultat a pour corollaire le second : le rapport d’équilibre des profits est le produit des indicateurs du type de tourisme (le ration des temps respectifs dans le transport et dans la destination) de la destination par celui identifiant les conditions de surcapacité relative. De ces résultats généraux, il suit une grille d’interprétation qui permet d’identifier d’abord le rapport optimal des capacités selon l’écart entre les coûts d’installation et le type de tourisme ; et ensuite le rapport d’équilibre des profits selon les sens des surcapacités relatives et le types de tourisme.
    Keywords: coordination,capacity,profit,tourism type,installation costs.
    Date: 2016–02–01
  4. By: Daniel Albalate (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Javier Campos (Faculty of Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria); Juan Luis Jiménez (Faculty of Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria)
    Abstract: This paper analyses from an empirical point of view the relationship between the provision of high-speed rail services (HSR) and the evolution of tourism at the local level in Spain. We have built a database of 124 municipalities during the 2005-2012 period to study the effects of the introduction of new HSR corridors on the number of visitors and their total and average stay at several end-line and intermediate cities as compared to similar counterparts not having such an infrastructure. We combine both difference-in-difference and panel data techniques to find that these effects are, in general, extremely weak or just restricted to larger cities, once other determining factors are controlled for.
    Keywords: High speed rail, local tourism, difference y difference, panel data. JEL classification:R42; R53;L83
    Date: 2015–12

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