nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2015‒08‒19
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  2. Local Economic Impacts of Popular Music Concerts By Gabe, Todd; Lisac, Nicholas
  3. Choice experiment assessment of public preferences for forest structural attributes By Per Angelstam; Mikołaj Czajkowski; Marek Giergiczny; Tomasz Żylicz
  4. Foreign Tourists and Productivity of the Accommodation Industry (Japanese) By MORIKAWA Masayuki

  1. By: Marie Delaplace (UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée); Sylvie Bazin (URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne); Francesca Pagliara (University of Naples Federico II Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering); Antonio Sposaro (University of Naples Federico II Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to propose a state-of-the-art about the interactions between High-Speed Railway systems and the tourism market. Because of changes in accessibility, provided to the territories supplied by these systems, the actors expect a dynamic economy, in general, and of the tourism in particular. Although expectations are important in France as abroad, a literature review of studies carried out ex-post shows that the effects are not systematic, since they depend on the implementation of the High-Speed Railway service and on the characteristics of the territories. It can be noted that, if the high speed rail allows, in some cases, the increase in the number of tourists, a decrease of the stay may follow. To understand the role of High Speed Railway, it is necessary to take into account the changes of accessibility, but also its effects on the image of the destination and on the coordination of the stakeholders.
    Date: 2014–08–26
  2. By: Gabe, Todd; Lisac, Nicholas
    Abstract: This study examines the local economic impacts of popular music concerts held between 2010 and 2012 in Bangor, Maine. A regression analysis of the relationship between monthly taxable retail sales—e.g., restaurant and lodging sales—in the Bangor region and the number of attendees is used to estimate local spending per concertgoer on meals and accommodations. Results suggest that an estimated 29 to 31 percent of attendees spend the night in the local area, which is very similar to the share of concertgoers who travel more than two hours to attend shows. The local economic impacts of 41 popular music concerts—featuring artists such as Bob Dylan, Barenaked Ladies, Def Leppard, Jason Aldean, and Godsmack—between 2010 and 2012 is an estimated $30.7 million in output, a yearly average of 156 full-time and part-time jobs, and a combined $9.7 million in labor income.
    Keywords: Popular Music Concerts, Economic Impact Analysis, Taxable Retail Sales, Tourism
    JEL: R11 R15 Z11
    Date: 2013–10
  3. By: Per Angelstam (Forest-Landscape-Society Research Network, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences); Mikołaj Czajkowski (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Marek Giergiczny (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Tomasz Żylicz (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)
    Abstract: The objectives of forest policy have been broadened from tangible products, such as wood and fiber, to ecosystem services. This broadening emphasizes the need to also estimate the value of biodiversity and the social benefits of tourism and recreation. While research on the species’ requirements has a long history, the issue of which habitat humans select to engage in tourism and recreation lags behind. In both cases, a major challenge is to consider the complete range of forest structure from a managed to a natural dynamic. Combining the approach used in landscape research with non-market valuation techniques, the aim of this study is to document human habitat selection for recreational purposes in a gradient of forest naturalness. The results indicate that respondents prefer older stands with vertical layering, irregularly spaced trees and a greater number of tree species. Our study thus indicates that forests that are managed (or left unmanaged) for biodiversity purposes are also likely to be attractive to humans. To conclude, while greater management intensity was associated with higher disutility regardless of the model employed, we do not perceive a risk of conflict between forest management designed to protect biodiversity and management targeting recreational value. Consequently, there is a need for spatially differentiated forest management that discriminates among different functions. The state ownership of all larger Polish forest massifs makes this zoning approach feasible.
    Keywords: social preferences, forest characteristics, forest management, discrete choice experiment, multifunctional forestry
    JEL: Q51 Q53 Q56
    Date: 2015
  4. By: MORIKAWA Masayuki
    Abstract: Services have distinct characteristics of simultaneous production and consumption. As a result, capacity utilization is an important index in considering the productivity of the service industries. This paper analyzes quantitatively the effect of foreign tourists on the occupancy rate of the accommodation industry. The major findings of the analysis are as follows. 1) Recent depreciation of the yen has contributed greatly to the increase in the number of visitors from overseas. 2) Increase in the visitors from foreign countries has a positive impact on the occupancy rate of accommodation facilities through temporal smoothing of demand. 3) Solely from this demand smoothing effect, the total factor productivity (TFP) of the accommodation industry has improved by around one percentage point. These results suggest that policies to increase the number of visitors from foreign countries are effective for improving service sector productivity, as well as boosting external demand.
    Date: 2015–08

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