nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2015‒03‒22
three papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. The pressure of tourism on the Mediterranean coastline and beaches By Cirer-Costa, Joan Carles
  2. Terrorism and international tourism: the case of Germany By Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt; Bastian Franke; Wolfgang Maennig
  3. Supporting Quality Jobs in Tourism By Jane Stacey

  1. By: Cirer-Costa, Joan Carles
    Abstract: Mediterranean tourism is usually defined as “3S tourism” – the three S’s standing for sea, sand, and sun. The term highlights the central importance of these three physical factors in the attraction exerted by the shores of Mare Nostrum. In this paper we set out to quantify the impact of the first two of the S’s – sea and sand. In our analysis, sandy beaches emerge as the basic production factor sustaining the tourism business, followed by the coast and the view of the sea. So great is the importance of the sea and the sand as specialized production factors that they actually dictate the spatial morphology of the tourist destinations. The coastline has become an indispensable prerequisite for attracting tourists, and proximity to it determines the quality and price of the various kinds of tourist accommodation. We also show that Mediterranean tourism is essentially an urban phenomenon. Most tourists expect a wide diversity of complementary amenities close to their accommodation; this means that the resorts must be large, dense urbanized areas.
    Keywords: Tourism and urban development. Resort morphology. Tourism cluster. Sea, sand & sun tourism. Balearic Islands
    JEL: L83 R12 R14
    Date: 2015–03–14
  2. By: Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt; Bastian Franke; Wolfgang Maennig
    Abstract: We analyse how German tourists react to unanticipated shocks that alter their risk perception of selected tourism destinations. Using a difference-in-difference strategy which flexibly accounts for macroeconomic conditions and also addresses potential problems of serial correlation, we isolate significant effects of the 9/11 (2001) terrorist attacks, as well as for the attacks in Egypt (1997), Tunisia (2002), Morocco (2003) and Indonesia (2003). These terror attacks impacted especially on Islamic countries all over the world, indicating a transmission mechanism driven by ethnic and religious proximity. At the same time, tourism into Islamic countries was temporarily substituted by tourism to (south) European countries.
    Keywords: terrorism; 9/11; Islamic countries; tourism demand
    JEL: L83 Z12
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Jane Stacey
    Abstract: The tourism sector is highly dependent on quality human resources to develop and deliver a competitive tourism offering. This report examines approaches to encourage the creation of more and better tourism jobs, with a particular emphasis on enhancing the skills and career development opportunities of people employed in tourism SMEs. The contribution quality jobs can make to building a competitive and sustainable tourism sector is discussed. This is followed by analysis of the sector's labour intensity and labour market characteristics, and the implications for attracting, retaining and developing a skilled workforce. Policies and programmes introduced to respond to these challenges and boost workforce development in tourism SMEs are examined and a number of key policy considerations highlighted. The report was reviewed and approved by the OECD Tourism Committee on the 14 January 2015.
    Date: 2015–03–12

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