nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2015‒02‒28
two papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. People-to-People Tourism in APEC: Facilitating Cross-Border Entry and Exit, with Special Focus on ASEAN By Picazo, Oscar F. ; dela Cruz, Nina Ashley O. ; Ututalum, Soraya
  2. The effect of rail travel time on airline fares: first evidence from the Italian passenger market. By Capozza, Claudia

  1. By: Picazo, Oscar F. ; dela Cruz, Nina Ashley O. ; Ututalum, Soraya
    Abstract: This paper discusses the promotion of person-to person (PTP) tourism in the member-countries of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), focusing on the ten countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). PTP can be defined as the cross-border movement of people from one country to another on a repeated basis for (a) educational, training, or related capacity building; (b) research and development (R&D) cooperation; (c) police, constabulary, military, security, or anti-crime assignments; (d) responding to health epidemics or outbreaks; (e) medical tourism; (f) responding to disaster or calamity; (g) management of environmental parks and natural resource assets; (h) local border traffic; and (i) other valid reasons that APEC countries will deem important. The paper situates PTP tourism in the context of intra-ASEAN and APEC tourism, discusses the rationale for increasing PTP tourism, and the current obstacles of doing this. It reviews recent international practices in promoting PTP tourism through entry and exit facilitation, identifying general as well as specific programs and policies in a number of innovating countries. The paper ends with recommendations to facilitate PTP tourism in ASEAN and APEC.
    Keywords: ASEAN, APEC, person-to-person tourism, visa facilitation
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Capozza, Claudia
    Abstract: The empirical evidence shows that travel time is crucial for rail transport to be a competitor to air transport. However, there are no papers testing whether travel time has a direct effect on airline pricing. This paper is a step towards filling this gap. We test and quantify the effect of rail travel time on airline fares, using unique data at flight-level. We find that airlines design pricing strategies taking into consideration the travel time of competing rail transport service. Airlines are found to set, on average, higher fares as rail travel time increases. However, the competitive pressure induced by rail travel time is perceived by airlines only as the day of departure gets closer: from the 30th to the day before departure it increases while it gradually decreases as the departure date gets further away.
    Date: 2015

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