nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2015‒01‒26
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Università di Bologna

  1. Achieving Bangladesh's tourism potential: Linkages to export diversification, employment generation and the "green economy" By Honeck, Dale; Akhtar, Md. Shoaib
  2. “Human development and tourism specialization. Evidence from a panel of developed and developing countries” By Bianca Biagi; Maria Gabriela Ladu; Vicente Royuela
  3. Exploring best practices in territorial management for rural tourism and agritourism By Ciani, Adriano
  4. Evaluating How Operator’s Identity Affects Managerial Efficiency of Dairy Farms Conducting Educational Tourism By Ohe, Yasuo

  1. By: Honeck, Dale; Akhtar, Md. Shoaib
    Abstract: Bangladesh's international image is not as a popular tourism destination, and many people might be surprised to learn it has three World Heritage sites, including the Sundarbans tiger reserves. Moreover, it is part of important travel circuits for cultural and religious tourism, and has demonstrated potential for sports tourism. The objective of this working paper is to critically test the assertion that pro-poor "green" tourism is one of the best development options for the majority of least developed countries (LDCs) - a challenging task in Bangladesh in the face of the country's success as an exporter of readymade garments - by comparing tourism to the available alternatives with regard to the crucial government priorities of export diversification, employment generation and the "green economy". It is well-known that Bangladesh is under strong pressure to diversify its exports, to generate new employment (especially in rural areas), and to respond to critical environmental issues. The government has identified over 30 "thrust sectors" (including tourism) to help address these challenges, but otherwise tourism is rarely mentioned as a major trade and development option for Bangladesh. Within the limitations of data availability, this working paper reaches the conclusion that greater efforts to develop "green" tourism would be highly beneficial for facilitating rural development, environmental and cultural protection, gender equality, and export diversification in services. The most obvious current impediments are inadequate infrastructure, lack of investment and (typically election year) political conflict, but behind these factors appear to be a serious lack of stakeholder coordination, insufficient regulatory and administrative transparency and coherence, as well as some government reluctance to relinquish greater commercial autonomy in tourism to the private sector. This paper offers extensive analysis and some suggestions to help address the impediments, including the recommendation to create a Bangladesh Tourism Stakeholders Forum.
    Keywords: Bangladesh,LDCs,Export Diversification,Spatial Diversification,Rural Development,Comparative Advantage,Employment Generation,Green Economy,Green Tourism,Pro-poor Tourism,Tourism Linkages,Cluster Analysis,Value Chain Analysis,Poverty Alleviation,MDGs,Gender Issues,FDI,GATS,Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA),Rio+20
    JEL: F13 F18 H54 H77 I38 J16 J21 J24 L52 L83 O14 O15 O19 O24 P45 Q26 Q54 Q56
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Bianca Biagi (University of Sassari, CRENoS (Cerdeña, Italy)); Maria Gabriela Ladu (University of Sassari, CRENoS (Cerdeña, Italy)); Vicente Royuela (Department of Econometrics. University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: The analysis of the relationship between tourism and human development points to a positive link between these activities, basically by means of the improvement of economic conditions. In the present study we analyze whether and to what extent this relationship remains positive under different circumstances. We examine a selection of 63 countries from 1996 to 2008 and consider the Human Development Index plus a composite indicator of the tourism market as a whole. Findings confirm that, on average, tourism is positively associated with human development, particularly education (i.e., literacy rate), although the association may be affected by circumstances.
    Keywords: Human Development Index, tourism development, capability approach, externalities JEL classification: 015, 010, D62
    Date: 2015–01
  3. By: Ciani, Adriano
    Abstract: This paper suggests that we need to change the management strategy of territory to prevent harmful event and natural disasters. We need to move from an “emergency management” to a “preventive management” that tends to preserve the characteristics and potential of the areas. The paper shows in concrete several examples and schemes of the best practices of Sustainable Management and Promotion of Territory–SMPT which can drive toward a Green Virtuous Territory Circuit necessary to guarantee the fruitful and innovative concrete perspective for the future of Rural Tourism and Agritourism in 21th Century.
    Keywords: Sustainable Development, Territory Management, Tradi-Ovation, New Paradigms, Agritourism., Community/Rural/Urban Development, Institutional and Behavioral Economics, Labor and Human Capital,
    Date: 2014–11–15
  4. By: Ohe, Yasuo
    Abstract: Based on an analytical framework, this paper classified farmer’s identity into two types: traditional identity that is oriented toward simple farm production and enlarged identity that is oriented toward viability of a new service activity. Second, by data envelopment analysis, the result of managerial efficiency simulation of a two-sector model, that is, the main milk production and the educational activity, revealed that those with the enlarged identity could realize higher managerial efficiency than those with the conventional identity. Thus, it was revealed that a farmer’s identity makes a difference in managerial efficiency. The efficiency level, however, was not high, which means that there is much room for improvement in farm resource management. Consequently, when policymakers try to design support measures to develop tourism-related farm diversification, the perspective of the support measures for capacity building should be widened to include identity issues, which helps farmers widen their identity that enable them to be more efficiently acceptable for tourism activity.
    Keywords: educational tourism in agriculture, identity, data envelopment analysis, technical efficiency, Agribusiness, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Farm Management, Labor and Human Capital, Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession,
    Date: 2014–10

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