nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒09‒25
five papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Universita' di Bologna

  1. On the other half of the story: allowing for discrete penalties for excessive travel times in scheduling models By Wang , Qian; Sundberg, Marcus; Karlström , Anders
  2. An exploration of shoppers travel mode choice in visiting convenience stores in the United Kingdom By Susilo, Yusak O.; Hanks, Nathan; Ullah, Mahmud
  3. Comparing rail passengers’ travel time use in Great Britain between 2004 and 2010 By Lyons, Glenn; Jain , Juliet; Susilo , Yusak O.; Atkins, Steve
  4. Rail passengers’ time use and utility assessment: 2010 findings from Great Britain with multivariate analysis By Susilo, Yusak O.; Lyons, Glenn; Jain, Juliet; Atkins, Steve
  5. The impacts of household structure on the individual stochastic travel and out of-home activity time budgets By Susilo, Yusak O.; Avineri, Erel

  1. By: Wang , Qian (KTH); Sundberg, Marcus (KTH); Karlström , Anders (KTH)
    Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a discrete penalty for excessive travel times into scheduling models whose maximal expected utilities have attractive theoretical features of linearity in standard deviation or variance. The extended models maintain the properties of linearity, and its maximal expected utility depends on the shape of the travel time distribution. The value of travel time and its variability could be measured indirectly by the scheduling preferences. The results from empirical data reveal that the extended models, with such a discrete penalty, provide a highly significant better goodness of fit to the data. Furthermore, introducing the penalty for excessive travel time has a strong effect on the estimates of the other scheduling parameters, thus affecting the valuations of travel time. Our findings indicate that, apart from the mean and standard deviation (or variance), individuals value other characteristics of travel time distribution, in particular the probability of excessive travel time.
    Keywords: Scheduling preferences; Travel time variability; Asymmetric travel time distribution; Excessive travel time
    JEL: R40
    Date: 2013–09–19
  2. By: Susilo, Yusak O. (KTH); Hanks, Nathan (Transport Planning Associates (UK)); Ullah, Mahmud (University of the West of England)
    Abstract: Using data from 2,096 convenience store customers within and outside the Greater London Metropolitan Area, this paper explores how individuals access their convenience stores and how significant the influence of their socio-demographics, shopping types and trip chaining is to their mode choice in visiting the stores. Trip chaining is found to be very crucial in influencing customers’ mode choice and their visit frequency to the stores. The models also show that frequent shoppers (people who visit the stores at least a few times a week) are the ones most likely to visit the stores on foot. Interestingly, the estimation results also show that the location’s density, shopping types and the day of the week are not significant in influencing the travel modes. Customers who live at the most deprived areas are less likely to use a private car in visiting the stores.
    Keywords: The use of local stores; Shift in travel mode; Shopping trip pattern; London
    JEL: O18 R41
    Date: 2013–09–23
  3. By: Lyons, Glenn (University of the West of England); Jain , Juliet (University of the West of England); Susilo , Yusak O. (KTH); Atkins, Steve
    Abstract: This paper provides a unique insight into aspects of stability and change regarding the travel time use of rail passengers in Great Britain between 2004 and 2010. Empirical evidence is presented on how rail passengers spend their time, how worthwhile they consider their time use to be, the extent of advance planning of their time use and how equipped for time use they are in terms of the items they have to hand when they travel. The results reveal a consistent dominance of reading for leisure, window gazing/people watching and working/studying as favoured travel time activities. Over the six year period the availability and use of mobile technologies has increased. Listening to music in particular has doubled in its incidence suggesting an increasing capacity for travellers to personalise the public space of the railway carriage. Most notably the analysis reveals a substantial increase in the proportion of travellers overall making very worthwhile use of their time.
    Keywords: Travel time use; Multitasking; Rail travel; Value of time; Mobile technologies
    JEL: R40 R42
    Date: 2013–09–23
  4. By: Susilo, Yusak O. (KTH); Lyons, Glenn (University of the West of England); Jain, Juliet (University of the West of England); Atkins, Steve (University of the West of England)
    Abstract: Using data from Great Britain’s National Passenger Survey 2010 this paper examines the travel time use of rail passengers and their indicative assessment of its utility. The paper explores the impacts of individuals’ socio demographic characteristics, types of activity undertaken and the perceived difficulties that may be faced by the travellers on their assessment of travel time use utility. The study shows that only 13% of travellers considered their travel time as wasted. However, this varies by journey purpose, travelling class (first/standard class), gender and journey length. The study shows that the positive or negative appreciation by passengers of their journey time is not only a result of various combinations of on-board activity engagements, but also the smoothness of overall journey experience. Being able to work/study on the train most significantly increases individual appreciation of time use. However, a delay on an individual’s train journey also has a major influence in reducing his/her perceived value of travel time spent. ICT devices that enable travellers to watch film/video or play games or check emails are more appreciated than those providing access to music/podcast or access to social networking sites. The paper joins others in questioning assumptions made in economic appraisal that travel time is unproductive. It concludes with a call for more substantive and targeted data collection efforts within travel behaviour research devoted to further unravelling the phenomenon of the positive utility of travel.
    Keywords: Travel time use; Rail passenger; Journey satisfaction; Great Britain
    JEL: R40 R42
    Date: 2013–09–23
  5. By: Susilo, Yusak O. (KTH); Avineri, Erel (Afeka)
    Abstract: The amount of time individuals and households spend in travelling and in out-of-door-activities can be seen as a result of complex daily interactions between household members, influenced by opportunities and constraints which vary from day to day. Extending the deterministic concept of travel time budget to a stochastic term, and applying a Stochastic Frontier Model to a dataset from the 2004 UK National Travel Survey, this study examines the hidden stochastic limit and the variations of the individual and household travel time and out-of-home activity duration– concepts associated with travel time budget. The results show that most individuals may not have reached the limit of their ability to travel and may still be able to spend further time in travel activities. The analysis of the model outcomes and distribution tests show that among a range of employment statuses, only full-time workers’ out-of-home time expenditure has reached its limit. Also observed is the effect of having children in the household: children reduce the flexibility of hidden constraints of adult household members’ out-of-home time, thus reducing their ability to be further engaged with out-of-home activities. Even when out-of-home trips are taken into account in the analysis, the model shows that the dependent children’s in-home responsibility reduces the ability of an individual to travel to and to be engaged with out-of-home activities. This study also suggests that, compared with the individual travel time spent, the individual out-of-home time expenditure may perform as a better budget indicator in drawing the constraints of individual space-time prisms.
    Keywords: Travel time budget; Household structure; Stochastic frontier model; UK national travel survey
    JEL: O18 R41
    Date: 2013–09–23

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