nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒08‒05
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Universita' di Bologna

  1. Competition in tourism arrivals – A multidimensional index of geographical structural similarity By Nuno Crespo; Nádia Simões; José Duarte
  2. Gap Analysis of Stakeholders’ Perception in Tourism Industry By Chavan, Rajashri Ramesh; Bhola, Sarang Shankar
  3. Time-Varying Interdependencies of Tourism and Economic Growth: Evidence from European Countries By Antonakakis, Nikolaos; Dragouni, Mina; Filis, George
  4. Are German Tourists Environmental Chameleons? A Micro-econometric Analysis of Adaptation to Climate Change By Claudia Schwirplies; Andreas Ziegler

  1. By: Nuno Crespo; Nádia Simões; José Duarte
    Abstract: Given the economic importance of the tourism sector, countries actively compete for attracting tourism flows. In a bilateral perspective, an important determinant of the degree of competition is the geographical structure of tourism inflows, i.e., the relative importance of the different source countries. A higher overlap of these flows indicates greater competition. The goal of the present study is to propose a methodological approach to quantify this overlap. Taking some indicators traditionally used in international trade analysis as inspiration, we propose a methodology that measures, for each pair of countries, the degree of similarity between the geographical structures of tourism inflows. The methodology takes a multidimensional concept of structural similarity in order to incorporate relevant dimensions of international tourism flows today.
    Keywords: Tourism flows; Arrivals; Geographical similarity; Competitiveness; Index
    JEL: F14 L83
    Date: 2013–07–26
  2. By: Chavan, Rajashri Ramesh; Bhola, Sarang Shankar
    Abstract: The paper mainly focused to determine the stakeholder profile and establish the perception gap between tourist and service providers mainly hoteliers and tour operators. A research framework is constructed and tested using data produced by three independent surveys of tourists and tourism service providers viz. hoteliers and tour operators from the 10-tourist sites viz. Aundh, Sajjangarh, Kas, Thoseghar, Ajinkyatara, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Pratapgarh, Wai and Koyna of Satara district. The study concluded that there is a difference of opinion amongst stakeholders in case of satisfaction and importance of those 33 available tourist services and amenities in the district.
    Keywords: Services, Perception, Gap Analysis, Tourism Industry, Maharashtra
    JEL: L8 L83
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Antonakakis, Nikolaos; Dragouni, Mina; Filis, George
    Abstract: In this study, we employ the novel measure of a VAR-based spillover index, developed by Diebold and Yilmaz (2012) to investigate the time-varying relationship between tourism and economic growth in selected European countries. Overall, the findings suggest that (i) the tourism-economy relationship is not stable over time in terms of both its magnitude and direction, (ii) the relationship exhibits patterns in its magnitude and/or direction during major economic events, such as the Great Recession of 2007 and the Eurozone debt crisis of 2010, and (iii) the impact of these economic events on the relationship between the tourism sector and the economy is more apparent to Cyprus, Greece, Portugal and Spain, which are the European countries that have experienced the most severe economic downturn since 2009. These results are important to tourism actors and policy makers, suggesting that they should pay particular attention to this time-varying relationship and the factors that influence it when designing their tourism strategies. In addition, the findings of this study carry significant implications for researchers, as they underline a strand of the literature which deserves further attention.
    Keywords: Tourism-Led Economic Growth, Economic-Driven Tourism Growth, Spillovers, Time-Varying Relationship, Variance Decomposition, European Countries
    JEL: C32 F43 L83 O52
    Date: 2013–08–01
  4. By: Claudia Schwirplies (University of Kassel); Andreas Ziegler (University of Kassel)
    Abstract: SThis paper empirically analyzes the determinants of individual tourism-related adaptation to climate change, i.e. the stated choice of alternative travel destina-tions due to increasing temperatures in the future. By examining the tourism sector, our study investigates an industry which was not extensively considered in economic analyses of climate change so far in spite of its worldwide huge eco-nomic relevance and strong sensitivity to global warming. Our empirical analysis on the basis of unique representative data from 5370 German tourists first re-veals a non-negligible extent of tourism-related adaptation to climate change in the amount of more than 22% of the respondents. Our micro-econometric analysis with binary probit models implies strong positive effects of a high awareness of climate change effects, increasing age as indicator for vulnerability of climate change, as well as a high adaptive capacity (measured by disposable financial resources) on this type of adaptation. The estimation results suggest no single significant effect of a high educational level or a high level of information on ad-aptation to climate change, but a positive interaction effect (which was, in con-trast to former studies, estimated according to Ai and Norton 2003 and Norton et al. 2004). Our empirical results underline several challenges for the tourism in-dustry and policy makers in order to transform the tourism infrastructure and to diversify holiday offers. They additionally reveal important focus groups of tour-ists such as (the increasing group of) elderly persons who are crucial for the de-velopment of successful future product strategies in the tourism sector.
    Keywords: Climate change, adaptation, tourism, micro-econometric analysis
    JEL: Q54 Q58
    Date: 2013

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