nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒07‒15
four papers chosen by
Laura Vici
Universita' di Bologna

  1. Residents' Influence on the Adoption of Environmental Norms in Tourism By Malgorzata Ogonowska; Dominique Torre
  2. Air Transport and Destination Performance – A case study of three African countries (Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa) By Tchouamou Njoya, Eric
  3. Using a Control Function to Resolve the Travel Cost Endogeneity Problem in Recreation Demand Models By Melstrom, Richard; Lupi, Frank
  4. Investigating the effects of sample heterogeneity on the travel cost model for coral diving in Southeast Asia By Doshi, Amar; Pascoe, Sean

  1. By: Malgorzata Ogonowska; Dominique Torre
    Abstract: Since the expansion of environmental awareness and protection in recent decades, market actors, tourists and stake-holders, have been progressively more aware of ecological issues and conscious of existing pollution caused by mass tourism. Therefore, a new concept of sustainable tourism have appeared, ncluding environmental and societal concerns, as well as the development of more responsible products, which meet environmentally conscious consumers' needs. Subsequently, this paper considers the case of a tourism service provider, in a situation of monopoly, facing heterogeneous demand (differentiated by the sensibility to environmental issues) and located in a destination inhabited by a population of residents, more or less active in their resistance to tourism activities. Hence, this paper gives a theoretical framework of this 'service provider - residents - tourists' interaction. It shows that taking into account residents' actions leads the service provider to the reduction of his offer, and in most cases, to choose the sustainable solution.
    Keywords: Economics of Tourism, product heterogeneity, demand heterogeneity, sustainable tourism, residents-tourists relationship, resident actions, environmental norms
    JEL: L83 Q56
    Date: 2013–05
  2. By: Tchouamou Njoya, Eric
    Abstract: Tourism is increasingly being promoted as an important source of economic growth especially in developing countries. While there are many elements that contribute to tourism growth, without an efficient air transport system, it is almost impossible for a number of landlocked and geographically isolated developing nations to expand and sustain domestic and international tourism. From the perspective of an African nation the most important question is whether the benefit of aviation expansion would have any superiority in poverty reduction. This paper seeks to (1) investigate the relationship between air transport and tourism growth especially in selected African countries and (2) highlight ways and means of capturing and strengthening air transport and tourism industry’s contribution. To achieve these objectives the research uses a combination of literature review and case study analyses. It concludes that efficient air transport can act as a facilitator in the development of more diversified export-based industries, away from over-reliance on natural resources, which in the presence of linkages with other domestic economic sectors can act as a stimulus for broadly based growth.
    Keywords: air transport, tourism, Sub-Saharan Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, Yamoussoukro Decision
    JEL: L5
    Date: 2013–02–14
  3. By: Melstrom, Richard; Lupi, Frank
    Abstract: This paper proposes using a control function to correct for endogeneity in recreation demand models. The control function approach is contrasted with the method of alternative specific constants (ASCs), which has been cautiously promoted in the literature. As an application, we consider the case of travel cost endogeneity in the demand for Great Lakes recreational fishing. Using data on Michigan anglers, we employ a random utility model of site choice. We show that either ASCs or the control function can correct for travel cost endogeneity, although we find that the model with ASCs produces significantly weaker results. Overall, compared with traditional approaches control functions may offer a more flexible means to eliminate endogeneity in recreation demand models.
    Keywords: Recreation demand, random utility model, travel cost method, travel cost endogeneity, control function, alternative specific constants, recreational fishing
    JEL: Q22 Q25 Q26
    Date: 2012–08
  4. By: Doshi, Amar; Pascoe, Sean
    Abstract: In mid-2010, an impact assessment was undertaken to ascertain the non-market value of coral reefs to scuba divers in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. A travel cost method was employed and it was found that divers had a consumer surplus of about US$590 per dive. However, given the sample consisted of a much larger proportion of international visitors (84%), an analysis was undertaken to ascertain the effects of the sample heterogeneity on the economic value estimates. The results indicated that the pooled results were biased towards the international sub-sample. Domestic visitors had a much lower consumer surplus of about US$130 per dive. In addition, the split-sampling suggested that the assumption of endogenous stratification using count data models was not appropriate for the international sub-sample. Applying the split-sampling based to the three separate countries illustrated further large disparities in consumer surplus, with Thailand the highest at US1200 per dive and Malaysia the lowest at US$260 per dive. This proves consequential in determining the appropriate user fee structure given the different resulting effects on returning divers based on their origins and diving destinations.
    Keywords: Travel cost method, coral diving, sample heterogeneity, Demand and Price Analysis, Environmental Economics and Policy, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,
    Date: 2013–02

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