nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒06‒04
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Reviewing Uganda’s tourism sector for economic and social upgrading By Mwaura, Francis; Ssekitoleko, Solomon
  2. Antecedents of customer loyalty in medical tourism By Panchapakesan, P.
  3. Environmental impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games By Huijuan, Cao; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke
  4. Airline Consolidation and the Distribution of Traffic between Primary and Secondary Hubs By Bilotkach, Volodymyr; Fageda, Xavier, 1975-; Flores-Fillol, Ricardo
  5. Olympic news and attitudes towards the Olympics: A compositional time-series analysis of how sentiment is affected by events By Terence C. Mills; Peter Dawson; Paul Downward

  1. By: Mwaura, Francis; Ssekitoleko, Solomon
    Abstract: In tourism the use of sector’s employment opportunities and contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) as a measure of its performance may be deceptive as the sector is prone to foreigners domination and has a lot of ‘leakages’. Global production network (GPN) analysis is becoming popular analytical frameworks for understanding industries like tourism. In this paper, we review literature on global production networks, with a focus on the tourism sector in Uganda. The main objective of the study is to establish information availability and point out existing information gaps in understanding Uganda’s participation in the tourism GPN with respect to economic and social upgrading/downgrading. It was observed that the tourism sector remains an important avenue for economic growth and poverty reduction, and has experienced growth in investment along the value chain, attractiveness and operational complexity. Information gaps were observed on levels of functional integration among tourism actors, impacts of tourism on employment and poverty reduction among gender and social classes and factors that will affect trajectory for social and economic upgrading/downgrading for the tourism actors in Uganda.
    Keywords: GPD, EPRC, Mwaura, GPN, PRODUCTION NETWORKS, Agribusiness, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Environmental Economics and Policy, Industrial Organization, Institutional and Behavioral Economics,
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Panchapakesan, P.
    Abstract: With the rise in number of medical travelers exponentially, Indian medical tourism is witnessing a high rate of growth. As many countries are foraying into this promising industry, it is imperative for the medical tourist service providers in India to take cognition of their levels of service in order to meet the expectations of their global consumers. This paper explores the primary antecedents of medical tourists’ loyalty, considering both the functional and the hedonic components of the service. An instrument is also developed to obtain the perceptions of medical tourists as well as to measure the determinants of their loyalty. The major implications of this research are also discussed.
    Keywords: Customer Loyalty, Medical Tourism, Medical Tourist, India
    Date: 2013–05–14
  3. By: Huijuan, Cao; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke
    Abstract: Beijing organized the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, and the main goal of the Chinese government regarding this event was to hold a Green Olympics. A difference-in-differences approach was used to estimate the environmental impact the Olympic Games on air quality improvement in Beijing, compared to improvements in other areas in China. The results indicate that compared to other regions, air quality in Beijing improved for a short period of time. These improvements were largely due to the implementation of several temporary measures, including factory closures and traffic control. However, there is no evidence indicating that the Olympic Games reduced the concentration of sulfur dioxide in Beijing. --
    Keywords: Olympic Games,Beijing,air pollution,impact estimate,difference-in-differences approach
    JEL: Q51 Q53 L83 G14
    Date: 2013
  4. By: Bilotkach, Volodymyr; Fageda, Xavier, 1975-; Flores-Fillol, Ricardo
    Abstract: Several airline consolidation events have recently been completed both in Europe and in the United States. The model we develop considers two airlines operating hub-and-spoke networks, using different hubs to connect the same spoke airports. We assume the airlines to be vertically differentiated, which allows us to distinguish between primary and secondary hubs. We conclude that this differentiation in air services becomes more accentuated after consolidation, with an increased number of flights being channeled through the primary hub. However, congestion can act as a brake on the concentration of flight frequency in the primary hub following consolidation. Our empirical application involves an analysis of Delta s network following its merger with Northwest. We find evidence consistent with an increase in the importance of Delta s primary hubs at the expense of its secondary airports. We also find some evidence suggesting that the carrier chooses to divert traffic away from those hub airports that were more prone to delays prior to the merger, in particular New York s JFK airport. Keywords: primary hub; secondary hub; airport congestion; airline consolidation; airline networks JEL Classi fication Numbers: D43; L13; L40; L93; R4
    Keywords: Aeroports -- Direcció i administració, Aviació comercial, Línies aèries, Oligopolis, Trusts industrials, 338 - Situació econòmica. Política econòmica. Gestió, control i planificació de l'economia. Producció. Serveis. Turisme. Preus,
    Date: 2012
  5. By: Terence C. Mills (University of Loughborough); Peter Dawson (University of East Anglia); Paul Downward (University of Loughborough)
    Abstract: The Olympic Games are considered to be the most prestigious multi-sport event in the world. However, with growing costs associated with hosting such events against a backdrop of questionable economic benefits, and yet elation that follows from sporting success, a number of studies have started to address its intangible or softer impacts as a justification for the investment. It is well known that sentiment plays a part in the evolving economic valuation of companies through the stock market. What is less well known is how ‘news’ affects the sentiment towards major public investments like the Olympics. In this paper we consider, from the context of the pre-event stage of the 30th Olympiad, the relationship between attitudes towards the Olympics and Olympic-related news; specifically the bad news associated with an increase in the cost of provision, and the good news associated with Team GB’s medal success in 2008. Using a unique data set and an event-study approach that involves compositional time-series analysis, it is found that ‘good’ news affects sentiments much more than ‘bad’ but that the distribution of such sentiment varies widely. For example, a much more pronounced effect of good news is identified for females than males, but ‘bad’ news has less of an impact on the young and older age groups. The paper consequently argues that extreme caution should be exercised in policy pronouncements that are based on such sentiments.
    Date: 2013–05

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