nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒04‒27
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Tourism in the Portuguese Rural Areas By Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues
  2. Spatial analysis of the tourism supply, in Portugal, at NUTs III level By Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues
  3. Improving navigability on the Kromme river Estuary: A choice experiment application By Deborah E Lee, Stephen G Hosking and Mario Du Preez
  4. Internet and broadband adoption in indigenous communities: An analysis of rural Alaska By Hudson, Heather E.
  5. Estimating the willingness to pay for the removal of a local undesirable land use: The case of the Manganese ore dump and oil tank farm in the Port Elizabeth Harbour By Mario Du Preez, Deborah Ellen Lee and Leann Cloete

  1. By: Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues
    Abstract: The tourism in the rural areas is an important contribution to the local economies and an additional income for the traditional local activities as the agricultural sector. Some traditional rural activities, as the agriculture, sometimes and in some locations are not sufficient to provide an acceptable return to their promoters. So the different forms of tourism in rural zones, as the small industry and others sectors, are important contributions to the economic activity in the rural areas. This study pretends to analyze some information and statistical data about the several forms of tourism in the Portuguese rural areas, namely tourism accommodation, rural tourism, agritourism, village tourism, country house and rural hotel. There were used data from 2004 to 2008 available in the Statistics of Portugal (INE) for the Portuguese NUTs II. These data were analyzed with econometric methods, namely, spatial econometrics and panel data analysis. --
    Keywords: Tourism,Portugal,Rural areas,Econometric analysis
    JEL: O18 L83 C20
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues
    Abstract: The tourism in Portugal has been an important contribution to the economic development of the country, namely in zones where is difficult to implement others activities, specifically the manufacturing. The objective of this work is to analyze, for the period 2002-2011, with spatial econometric techniques (using the GeoDa informatics program), the statistic data, available in the Statistics Portugal (INE), of some variables related with the tourism in the NUTs III of Portugal Continental, namely: capacity (N.º) in accommodation establishments; capacity in accommodation establishments per 1000 inhabitants (N.º); nights (N.º) in accommodation establishments; nights in accommodation establishments per 100 inhabitants (N.º); accommodation establishments (N.º); average stay (N.º) in accommodation establishments; customers (N.º) in accommodation establishments; proportion of foreign customers (%); and net rate of bed occupancy (%) in accommodation establishments. The first, third, fifth, sixth, seventh and ninth variables were further disaggregated for the several forms of accommodation establishments, as following: all accommodation establishments; hotels; pensions; guesthouses; inns; motels; hotels-apartments; holiday villages; and tourist apartments. The data was used in average and the econometric analyses were cross section. There are some signs of spatial autocorrelation in some variables and some forms of accommodation establishments. --
    Keywords: Spatial econometrics,Tourism supply,Portuguese NUTs III
    JEL: C21 L83 O18
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Deborah E Lee, Stephen G Hosking and Mario Du Preez
    Abstract: Navigation of estuaries is a vitally important aspect of boating recreation in South Africa and elsewhere. This paper uses a choice experiment to estimate recreation values of the Kromme River Estuary, a popular estuary along South Africa’s east coast. This valuation methodology allows for the identification of preferred management strategies through the trade-offs made by estuarine recreational users. It is found that the level of navigability is the most important predictor of user choice, and argued that more attention needs to be paid than is being to options for improving navigability and methods to fund these interventions. It is concluded that an increase in license fee of R437 would improve recreational value.
    Keywords: Estuary, recreational attributes, navigability, choice experiment, willingness-to-pay, conditional logit model, random parameters logit model
    Date: 2013
  4. By: Hudson, Heather E.
    Abstract: Alaska is the largest state in the U.S., but with the nation's lowest population density of only 1.2 persons per square mile. About 15 percent of the population are Alaska Natives. Approximately two-thirds of this indigenous population live in more than 200 villages, most of which are remote settlements without road access. A current broadband infrastructure project in rural southwest Alaska provides an opportunity to gather reliable data on rural broadband adoption and use, and perceived barriers to adoption among Alaska Natives. This paper presents an analytical framework for broadband adoption that takes into consideration the geographical and cultural environments in indigenous communities of rural Alaska. It then reports on results of an evaluation of Internet use and potential adoption and impacts of broadband in southwest Alaska. The first phase of the evaluation included a telephone survey of approximately 400 households of the region to gain information on current ownership of ICTs and Internet use. Interviews were also conducted with key informants from Native corporations and tribal organizations, economic development organizations, local businesses, and major sources of income such as fisheries, social services, and tourism to provide insights on potential benefits of broadband for rural development. --
    Date: 2012
  5. By: Mario Du Preez, Deborah Ellen Lee and Leann Cloete
    Abstract: This paper examines the Nelson Mandela Bay public’s willingness to pay (WTP) for the removal of a local undesirable land use, the manganese ore dumps and the oil tank farm situated within the boundaries of the Port Elizabeth harbour, Eastern Cape, South Africa, by means of the contingent valuation method. Both a non-parametric and parametric estimate of the WTP is derived. Estimated WTP for the removal of this disamenity ranges from R47.09 to R93.21 per household. The aggregate WTP ranges from R13 489 683 to R26 701 496. Due to the sensitivity of the parametric estimate of WTP to functional form specification and the distribution of the random part of preferences, the less restricted non-parametric WTP estimate (R47.09) is more appropriate. The results of this study show that policy-makers should take heed of the importance communities attach to the location of pollution-creating activities in urban areas.
    Keywords: Contingent valuation, willingness to pay, dichotomous choice, parametric estimation, non-parametric estimation
    Date: 2013

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