nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒04‒20
four papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Desenvolvimento e turismo: uma abordagem conceitual By Diomira M. Cicci Pinto Faria
  2. The Top-Down Innovative Coordination Flows in Sophia Antipolis By Olivier Hueber
  3. European capitals of culture and life satisfaction By Lasse Steiner; Bruno S. Frey; Simone Hotz
  4. Valuing the Coast: Economic Impacts of Connecticut's Maritime Industry By Robert S. Pomeroy; Nataliya Plesha; Umi Muawanah

  1. By: Diomira M. Cicci Pinto Faria (IGC-UFMG)
    Abstract: Tourism has contributed to economic development of territories and regions, understood as a synonymous of economic growth. The potential of tourism to drive economic growth is known, but it is also known that it can encourage inequities. Without detailing what type of development and for whom, the word development is used as an ideology of progress for all. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between development theories and tourism, specifically knowing how each theoretical current analyzes the contribution of tourism to development and present some critical aspects about this possible contribution.
    Keywords: Economic development, growth and tourism
    JEL: O11 Y80
    Date: 2012–10
  2. By: Olivier Hueber (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR7321 - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS))
    Abstract: Sophia Antipolis was created by the public authorities to attract high value added activities on the French Riviera, in the aim of strengthening a local economy driven historically by tourism. The theoretical model that has inspired the creation of Sophia Antipolis is governed by a top-down approach. The agglomerations externalities, had not sprung up naturally from the dynamics of entreprises located in the cluster. The economic model of Sophia Antipolis is completely different of the traditional innovative district studied by Alfred Marshall (bottom-up approach). Nowadays, the cluster of Sophia-Antipolis is rich of external linkages, but poor of internal relations between the firms. In this local system of Innovation, a large numbers of actors in different sectors are present but any of them is sufficiently dominant to drive the cluster orientations. In this sense, this Local System of Innovation (LSI) is not reliable in the long run. Very few, almost no technological collaborations can be observed. The sustainability of the Sophia-Antipolis cluster does not really depend on the territory. the weakness of the cooperation between companies of the cluster can be partially explained by the local multinational firms which have their branch facilities located in the local system of innovation but at the same time their head office external to the cluster with main decision taken from outside, limiting the potential for local synergies and local collaboration. The aim of this paper is to understand the coordination mechanisms between enterprises and the main factors of success who made Sophia-Antipolis the largest technology park in the Europe. Such a study presents the Top-down strategy of developpement choosen by the government from the origins of Sophia-Antipolis to promote agglomeration externalities and the increasing returns to adoption gained by firms entering in the park.
    Keywords: clusters;entrepreneurship;innovative pole;network externality;agglomeration effect;Top-down;bottom-up
    Date: 2012–12–01
  3. By: Lasse Steiner; Bruno S. Frey; Simone Hotz
    Abstract: This paper analyzes whether hosting the most prestigious European cultural event, the European Capital of Culture, has an impact on regional economic development or the life satisfaction of the local population. Concerning the economic impact, we show that European Capitals are hosted in regions with above average GDP per capita, but do not causally affect the economic development in a significant way. Even a positive impact on GDP per capita would not imply a positive impact on individual utility or social welfare of the regional population. Surprisingly, using difference-in-difference estimations, a negative effect on the well-being of the regional population is found during the event. Since no effect is found before the event, reverse causality and positive anticipation can be ruled out. The negative effect during the event might result from dissatisfaction with the high levels of public expenditure, transport disruptions, general overcrowding or an increase in housing prices.
    Keywords: Life Satisfaction, mega-events, culture, european capital of culture
    JEL: H40 H54 R12 Z11
    Date: 2013–04
  4. By: Robert S. Pomeroy (University of Connecticut); Nataliya Plesha (University of Connecticut); Umi Muawanah (University of Connecticut)
    Date: 2013–04

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