nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2013‒03‒30
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Public provision vs outsourcing of cultural services: evidence from italian cities By Bertacchini Enrico; Dalle Nogare Chiara
  2. E' solo la punta dell'iceberg! Costi e ricavi del crocierismo a Venezia By Tattara, Giuseppe
  3. Building a New World: An Ecosystemic Approach for Global Change & Development Design By Pilon , André Francisco

  1. By: Bertacchini Enrico; Dalle Nogare Chiara (University of Turin)
    Abstract: Cultural policy often implies the transfer of public resources to private cultura l institutions. In this contribution we focus on the determinants of a government’s choice between cultural transfers and in-house cultural production. We argue that in the cultural field transfers may be seen as a proxy for the value of outsourced services, and we make reference to the empirical literature on outsourcing of local public services. We consider Italian cities’ cultural policies in the1998-2008 period, a time when overall cultural expenditure shrank while cultural transfers increased. Using dynamic panel data analysis and controlling for specific characteristics of each city, we find that outsourcing of cultural services is negatively affected by cultural assets specificity and is more likely tooccur in cities subject to fiscal stress. The results also highlight that the timing of elections affects the transfer of public resources to private cultural institutions
    Date: 2013–03
  2. By: Tattara, Giuseppe
    Abstract: The paper deals with cruising activity in Venice. It examines the problem of turism, the income from cruising and pollution costs. It assesses a balance between income and costs.
    Keywords: great ships, cruise, cost and benefit analysis, external economies
    JEL: I18 I31 L91 R49
    Date: 2013–03–26
  3. By: Pilon , André Francisco
    Abstract: Problems of difficult settlement or solution in the world cannot be solved by segmented academic formats, market-place interests or mass-media headlines; instead of dealing with taken for granted issues (the apparent “bubbles” in the surface), public policies, research and teaching programmes should detect the issues and deal with them deep inside the boiling pot. Policy discussions and policy making require new paradigms of growth, power, wealth, work and freedom embedded into the cultural, social, political and economical institutions (more critical than individual motives and morals). Urban planning cannot be subordinated to the interests of business corporations, cities cannot remain as privileged centers for profit and capital accumulation, transforming citizens in mere users and consumers, but must preserve and develop mankind heritage, encompassing history, values, architecture, landscapes, the arts, the letters. Being-in-the-world is more than living on it, it demands an ecosystemic approach, the construction of a new social fabric, as new structures emerge in the socio-cultural learning niches and develop critical capacities to operate changes in the system. Problem solving implies dynamic and complex configurations intertwining four dimensions of being-in-the-world, as they combine, as donors and recipients, to induce the events (deficits and assets), cope with consequences (desired or undesired) and contribute for change (diagnosis and prognosis): intimate (subject’s cognitive and affective processes), interactive (groups’ mutual support and values), social (political, economical and cultural systems) and biophysical (biological endowment, natural and man-made environments). An integrated ecosystemic approach to education, culture, environment, health, politics, economics and quality of life should develop the connections and seal the ruptures between the different dimensions of being-in-the-world, in view of their mutual support and dynamic equilibrium.
    Keywords: culture, politics, economics, environment, ecosystems, education
    JEL: I00 Q28 Q51 Q56 Q58 Z1 Z13
    Date: 2013–03–21

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