nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2012‒07‒23
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Cultural activities and economic development: a territorial survey By Enrico Beretta; Andrea Migliardi
  2. Recreationists Willingness to Pay for Conservation of a Forest ecosystem: An Economic study of Basavana Betta State Forest, Karnataka state, India By Yashoda; Reddy, B.V. Chinnappa
  3. Taxing Hotel Room Sales by Online Travel Companies: What Should Be the Appropriate Tax Base? By James Mak
  4. Valuing environmental assets on rural lifestyle properties By Polyakov, Maksym; Pannell, David J.; Pandit, Ram; Tapsuwan, Sorada; Park, Geoff
  5. Marketing Local Foods by Food Cooperatives By Katchova, Ani L.; Woods, Timothy A.

  1. By: Enrico Beretta (Bank of Italy); Andrea Migliardi (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: This paper studies the characteristics of the cultural sector in Italy and its interactions with the production system as a whole. After stating a clear definition of the cultural sector, we analyze the demand and supply of culture in Italy, at a regional level. We carry out descriptive analysis of household cultural spending, the pricing of the different cultural activities, and the capability of regional cultural heritage to attract tourists. Then we examine, both quantitatively and qualitatively, the public financing of culture in the Italian regions, also on the basis of the opinions of a panel of qualified experts, expressly interviewed for this work. Finally we give an overview of the regulatory framework and of the main administrative features of the cultural sector. Some open questions arise from our work, as well as many options for policy measures: the distribution of competences between the different levels of government; the form and the extension of private involvement; the governance of cultural initiatives.
    Keywords: economics of culture, cultural tourism, local cultural policies
    JEL: L82 L83 Z10
    Date: 2012–07
  2. By: Yashoda; Reddy, B.V. Chinnappa
    Abstract: An economic study on willingness to pay by general recreationists’ who visited Basavana Betta State Forest, Karnataka, India, for water recreation revealed that average WTP for conservation of the forest ecosystem, based on the double bounded dichotomous contingent valuation method, was Rs. 846 ($17.63) per visitor as onetime payment. On the contrary WTP of recreationists of a well developed recreation spot (resort) was higher at Rs. 2367 (US$ 49.31) per visitor. There was a negative relationship between the bid amount and WTP and a positive relationship between income and WTP in both the cases.
    Keywords: Consumer/Household Economics, Environmental Economics and Policy, Public Economics,
    Date: 2012
  3. By: James Mak (UHERO, University of Hawaii at Manoa)
    Abstract: This essay examines the current dispute between state and local governments in the U.S. and online travel companies (OTCs) over the appropriate hotel occupancy tax base for online hotel bookings. It addresses the question of what should be the appropriate tax base in designing hotel occupancy tax statutes. It argues that the appropriate tax base should be the full rental prices of the hotel rooms paid by consumers inclusive of online travel company markups and service fees and not the discounted net rates paid by the OTCs to their hotel suppliers.
    Keywords: Hotel Occupancy Tax, Online Travel Companies, Merchant Model
    JEL: Q20 Q25
    Date: 2012–07
  4. By: Polyakov, Maksym; Pannell, David J.; Pandit, Ram; Tapsuwan, Sorada; Park, Geoff
    Abstract: Changing land-ownership patterns transform many rural landscapes from agricultural to multifunctional, which may have significant implications for land management and conservation policy. This paper presents a hedonic pricing model that quantifies the value of the remnant native vegetation captured by owners of rural lifestyle properties in rural Victoria, Australia. Remnant native vegetation has a positive but diminishing marginal implicit price. The value of lifestyle properties is maximized when their proportion of area occupied by native vegetation is about 40%. Most lifestyle landowners would receive benefits from increasing the area of native vegetation on their land. Findings from this study will be used to support decisions about ecological restoration on private lands in fragmented agriculture-dominated landscapes.
    Keywords: lifestyle landowners, remnant vegetation, amenity values, spatial hedonic model, Victoria, Environmental Economics and Policy, Land Economics/Use, Q57, Q15,
    Date: 2012–06–25
  5. By: Katchova, Ani L.; Woods, Timothy A.
    Abstract: Consumer interest in locally produced foods has been increasing and many grocery retailers and other businesses have been involved in marketing local foods to interested consumers. We study the business strategies that food consumer cooperatives in the U.S. use to promote local foods to their patrons. Data are collected from a national survey of the general managers of food cooperatives. This study’s objectives are: 1) to analyze the types of business strategies and frequency of use for these business strategies to promote local foods and 2) to identify the types of food cooperatives that are more versus less intense users of these promotion strategies. Unlike previous studies, the emphasis for this study is on promotion/marketing strategies as opposed to sourcing/working with local farmers business strategies. We use principal component analysis and cluster analysis to group food co-ops based on their involvement with local food promotion activities. We find that food co-ops can be grouped into three main clusters based on the size of the food co-op and its location. These findings can be used by food cooperatives and other local food retailers to attract consumers and increase local food sales.
    Keywords: food consumer cooperatives, local foods, consumers., Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Marketing, Q13,
    Date: 2012

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