nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2012‒03‒08
nine papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The Introduction of ICT for Sustainable Development of the Tourism Industry in Cambodia By Bory Seng
  2. Labour legislations in India: tourism industry dimension By Pillai, Rajasekharan
  3. The Impact of Climate on Tourist Destination Choice By Tol, Richard S. J.; Walsh, Sharon
  4. The Origins of the Common Travel Area between Ireland and the United Kingdom and its Fate in an Era of Governmental Concern about Undocumented Migration and International Terrorism By Meehan, Elizabeth
  5. An overview of the landscape valuation studies conducted in France economy By Pierre-Alexandre Mahieu
  6. La infraestructura aeroportuaria del Caribe colombiano By Andrea Otero
  7. A Note on the Value of Foregone Open Space in Sprawling Cities By Jan Rouwendal; Wouter Vermeulen
  8. Land use changes, landscape ecology and their socioeconomic driving forces in the Spanish Mediterranean coast (the Maresme County, 1850-2005) By Lluis Parcerisas; Joan Marull; Joan Pino; Enric Tello; Francesc Coll; Corina Basnou
  9. Un Indicatore per la Lombardia e per le Province di Milano e Pavia (Nuova versione) By Donatella Baiardi; Carluccio Bianchi

  1. By: Bory Seng (ICT Policy Department, National ICT Development Authority (NiDA))
    Abstract: Tourism industry/development constitutes one of only a few viable development options and is often the principal source of foreign exchange earnings without exporting any national wealth or resources. It plays an important role in the sustainable development of many developing countries. The current national strategic development goal of Cambodia has embraced the tourism sector is one of the major driving economics sources after garment industry and agricultural products. In the 2011 report of World Economic Forum (WEF), Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) which developed to measure the factors and policies that make it attractive to develop the Tourism sectors in different countries ranked Cambodia 109 (Cambodia’s overall score index is 3.44) out of 119 countries. TTCI was computed by using three principal sub indices while ICT (Information Communications Technology) infrastructure was one of the individual variable for computing the Travel and Tourism business environment and Infrastructure sub index. Seeing Cambodia sits in the low position in TTCI and the awareness of the command of the pivotal ICT role in all functions, the study attempts to look into in particular development of uses and applications of ICT in Tourism sector in Cambodia. Furthermore, the study uses the article on the Adoption of ICT on Chinese’s tourism industry for a benchmarking case study. As this paper is the initiative study on E-Tourism in Cambodia, the attempt is to bring the interest of the government and the tourism entrepreneurs to visualize the importance and competitiveness by utilizing ICT in the tourism application.
    Keywords: Tourism industry, developing countries, ICT applications/services, TTCI, WEF.
    JEL: L98 M15 M38 G28
    Date: 2012–02
  2. By: Pillai, Rajasekharan
    Abstract: Labour laws shape industrial relations addressing the socio-economic security of the working class. The legislative framework of labour conditions the working conditions, employer-employee relations, mode of wage payments, provide social security, class and protect the interests of special categories of working class. The paper discusses various labour statutes of India that are applicable to tourism. Almost all labour laws prevailing in the country were enacted even before tourism attained industrial status. This will enable us to examine how far this prospective sector complies with labour legislations in the country. A statutory coverage for the socio-economic security of workers is a need of the hour in the wake of growing casualisation, feminisation and marginalisation of labour and growing unemployment.
    Keywords: labour legislation; labour laws; labour welfare; labour statutes; socio-economic security of labour
    JEL: J08 J81 J38 J68
    Date: 2012
  3. By: Tol, Richard S. J.; Walsh, Sharon
    Abstract: We examine the determinants of holiday destination choice for tourists from 182 countries over a fifteen year time period. Our sample is much larger than that used by previous studies. The results are similar. Tourists prefer to stay relatively close to their home country. They like countries that have a long coast and lots of heritage. Tourists dislike poverty, and tourists from richer countries have a greater aversion to poverty. Tourists prefer politically unstable countries (all else being equal). Tourists like countries with high precipitation. Tourists like it hot, but not too hot. Tourists from warmer origins have stronger climate preferences.
    Keywords: poverty
    Date: 2012–02
  4. By: Meehan, Elizabeth
    Keywords: ERA/Ireland/migration
    Date: 2011–12
  5. By: Pierre-Alexandre Mahieu (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - Université de Nantes : EA4272)
    Abstract: This article presents an overview of the landscape valuation studies carried out in France. The reported studies are classified into three categories: rural landscapes, urban landscapes and periurban landscapes. We noticed that the majority of studies relate to rural landscapes, and more specifically to agricultural ones. Furthermore, we found that only one study relates to a remarkable architectural landscape and that no studies have been carried out in French overseas departments. Regarding valuation methods, the hedonic pricing method is the most widely used method.
    Keywords: Evaluation économique ; paysage
    Date: 2012–02–17
  6. By: Andrea Otero
    Abstract: Airports are one of the most important components of the physical infrastructure of a country, because through them aircrafts can move large volumes of passengers and cargo. However, their construction requires consideration of a number of environmental, economic, territorial and social factors that have great influence on the environment in which they develop. This paper shows the current status of airports in the Caribbean, their impact to the region and presents a review the flow of passengers and cargo in recent years. Finally, we estimate the elasticity of demand for air transport of domestic passengers traveling to and from the Caribbean to GDP of the main cities of the region. RESUMEN: Los aeropuertos son uno de los componentes más importantes de la infraestructura física de un país, ya que a través de ellos aterrizan y despegan aeronaves que pueden movilizar importantes volúmenes de pasajeros y carga. Sin embargo, la construcción de éstos requiere tener en cuenta una serie de factores ambientales, económicos, territoriales y sociales que tienen gran influencia sobre el entorno en el cual se desarrollan. En este trabajo se expone el estado actual de los aeropuertos del Caribe, su impacto económico y ambiental en la región y se presenta una revisión el flujo de pasajeros y carga de los últimos años. Por último, se estima la elasticidad de la demanda por transporte aéreo respecto de los pasajeros nacionales que viajan desde y hacia el Caribe respecto al PIB de las capitales de la región.
    Date: 2012–02–23
  7. By: Jan Rouwendal; Wouter Vermeulen
    Abstract: Foregone benefits of the open space that is sacrificed through urban sprawl are hard to quantify. We obtain a simple benchmark measure by introducing a demand for trips beyond the urban boundary into the monocentric city model. The externality arises from the increase in travel costs that expansion of the city imposes on its prior inhabitants. An empirical application illustrates the moderate informational requirements. It indicates that open space externalities warrant rather mild restrictions on urban expansion.
    Keywords: urban sprawl, open space, growth controls, outdoor recreation
    JEL: Q26 R13 R52
    Date: 2012–02
  8. By: Lluis Parcerisas; Joan Marull; Joan Pino; Enric Tello; Francesc Coll; Corina Basnou (Universitat de Barcelona)
    Abstract: We use a set of landscape metrics to study the long-term environmental transformation of a typical coastal Mediterranean area from 1850 to 2005. Our figures show a dramatic environmental deterioration between 1950 and 2005. The main proximate drivers of this landscape degradation are the effects of urban sprawl on former agricultural areas located in the coastal plains, together with the abandonment and reforestation of hilly slopes intercepted by low-density residential areas, highways, and other linear infrastructures. We carry out a statistical redundancy analysis (RDA) to identify certain ultimate socioeconomic and political drivers of these environmental impacts. The results confirm our interpretive hypothesis that: 1) land cover changes determine changes in landscape properties, both structural and functional; 2) these changes are not at random, but related to geographical endowments and socioeconomic or political drivers.
    Keywords: statistical redundancy analysis (rda), ecological connectivity, land-use change, socioeconomic drivers, mediterranean landscapes
    JEL: R14 Q56 N54 N53 O18 Q15
    Date: 2012
  9. By: Donatella Baiardi (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Pavia); Carluccio Bianchi (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Pavia)
    Abstract: This paper aims to construct a high-frequency coincident indicator of economic activity for Lombardy and for the provinces of Milan and Pavia, by using the dynamic factor model approach introduced by Stock e Watson (1998a e 1998b). The principal component analysis is first used to summarize the information contained in a large dataset in a limited number of common factors capable of capturing the main features of local business fluctuations. The EM (Expectation Maximization) algorithm then allows to compute the desired territorial indicators by taking into account the official annual data on regional GDP or provincial valueadded growth.
    Keywords: Coincident Economic Activity Indicators, Italian Regions, Diffusion Indexes
    JEL: E32 C32 C82
    Date: 2012–01

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