nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2012‒02‒27
six papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Heterogeneity in the Cultural Expenditures of Municipalities Evidence from Italian Data (1998-2006) By Domenico Depalo; Silvia Fedeli
  2. Differentiation and the relationship between product market competition and price discrimination By MANUEL BECERRA; JUAN SANTALO
  3. Developing Efficient Activation Approaches and Identifying Elements for Regional Cooperation in the Western Balkans By Vladimir Gligorov; Renate Haupfleisch; Mario Holzner; Katja Korolkova; Monika Natter; Hermine Vidovic
  4. La contibution du patrimoine au développement local : enjeux et limites de sa mesure By Michel Vernières
  5. Urban Trends and Policies in OECD Countries By Lamia Kamal-Chaoui; Javier Sanchez-Reaza
  6. “What attracts knowledge workers? The role of space, social connections, institutions, jobs and amenities” By Ernest Miguélez; Rorina Moreno

  1. By: Domenico Depalo; Silvia Fedeli
    Abstract: On the basis of a unique dataset referring to all 8,100 Italian municipalities and providing details of their balance-sheets, local governments’ features, socio-demographic and economic indicators, we analyze the determinants of the local cultural expenditures. We exploit the panel nature of the data to explain observable and unobservable heterogeneity. Other than the traditional determinants, we find that per capita cultural expenditures increase with the population size, but decrease with the share of men over total population; immigrants increase local cultural spending only in the long run. The number of years in power of the municipal council also plays a role.
    Keywords: Local public expenditure, cultural expenditure, immigrants, local government choice, Mundlak correction.
    JEL: H72 Z10 C23
    Date: 2011–02
  2. By: MANUEL BECERRA (Instituto de Empresa); JUAN SANTALO (Instituto de Empresa)
    Abstract: We investigate how the effect of competition on price discrimination varies depending on the level of quality provided by companies in the hospitality industry. Our findings reconcile conflicting results of previous literature on this topic. Namely, we provide strong empirical evidence that competition affects differently the price of single and double rooms of hotels with greater quality versus those with lower quality. In the presence (absence) of differentiation, competition increases (decreases) price discrimination. Our findings are robust to the use of econometric techniques that alleviate endogeneity concerns.
    Date: 2011–12
  3. By: Vladimir Gligorov (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Renate Haupfleisch; Mario Holzner (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Katja Korolkova; Monika Natter; Hermine Vidovic (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)
    Abstract: The main objectives of this study are the assessment of activation policies in the Western Balkan countries in the light of the EU policy frameworks and the capacity and effectiveness of the Public Employment Services (PES) to implement modern labour market services. The general strategy of the research is to examine the existing activation policies against the background of labour market developments in the Western Balkan countries. In a further step the study identifies opportunities for regional cooperation among the individual countries of the region.
    Keywords: labour market, activation policies, public employment services, economic crisis, regional cooperation
    JEL: C53 E24 J21 J64 J65 J68
    Date: 2011–10
  4. By: Michel Vernières (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon Sorbonne)
    Abstract: Mesurer la contribution du patrimoine au développement local se heurte à de nombreuses difficultés. Elles proviennent de la nature collective du patrimoine, un construit social, mais aussi de la diversité des territoires. or cette mesure est l'objet de forts enjeux politiques issus de la variété des acteurs, source de conflits. Cette communication se termine par la présentation d'une grille n'analyse de cettte contribution du patrimoine construite à partir des trois dimenssions du aptrimoine huamain : le développement de, pour et par la population.
    Keywords: Patrimoine ; développement local ; mesure
    Date: 2012–02–01
  5. By: Lamia Kamal-Chaoui; Javier Sanchez-Reaza
    Abstract: This working paper is one in a series of OECD Working Papers on Regional Development of the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate, conducted under the responsibility of Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Head of the OECD Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division (
    JEL: O1 O3 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5
    Date: 2012–02
  6. By: Ernest Miguélez (Economics and Statistics Division, World Intellectual Property Organization and Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Rorina Moreno (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: The aim of the present paper is to identify the determinants of the geographical mobility of skilled individuals, such as inventors, across European regions. Their mobility contributes to the geographical diffusion of knowledge and reshapes the geography of talent. We test whether geography, amenities, job opportunities and social proximity between inventors’ communities, and the so-called National System of Innovation, drive in- and out-flows of inventors between pairs of regions. We use a control function approach to address the endogenous nature of social proximity, and zero-inflated negative binomial models to accommodate our estimations to the count nature of the dependent variable and the high number of zeros it contains. Our results highlight the importance of physical proximity in driving the mobility patterns of inventors. However, job opportunities, social and institutional relations, and technological and cultural proximity also play key roles in mediating this phenomenon.
    Keywords: inventors’ mobility, gravity model, amenities, job opportunities, social and institutional proximities, zero-inflated negative binomial, European regions. JEL classification: C8, J61, O31, O33, R0
    Date: 2012–02

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