nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2012‒02‒08
seven papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Analysis of Participation in Multifunctional Agriculture: U.S. Rice Farms By Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric; Dixon, Bruce; Danforth, Diana
  2. Beach Quality and Recreational Values: A Pictorialized Stated Preference Analysis of Residents and Tourists By Penn, Jerrod; Hu, Wuyang; Cox, Linda; Kozloff, Lara
  3. Predicting soil erosion risk at the Alqueva dam watershed By Ferreira, Vera; Panagopoulos, Thomas
  4. Uncertain futures in the dynamics of territorial changes: when wetlands meet erosion processes By Vaz, Eric; Walczinska, Agnieszka
  5. Un Indicatore per la Lombardia e per le Province di Milano e Pavia (Nuova versione) By Donatella Baiardi; Carluccio Bianchi
  6. Evaluating the Factors Influecing the Number of Visits to Farmers' Markets By Abello, Francisco J.; Palma, Marco A.; Anderson, David P.; Waller, Mark W.
  7. The Impact of Natural Amenity on Farmland Values: A Quantile Regression Approach By Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.

  1. By: Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric; Dixon, Bruce; Danforth, Diana
    Abstract: Multifunctional agriculture is particularly fundamental to some working lands conservation policies and programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Security Program (CSP) and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP). Farmers can also be engaged in providing recreational and agri-tourism services such as hunting, fishing, bird-watching, farm tours, petting zoos and hospitality services. Using the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) we analyze factors associated with participation in conservation, recreation and agri-tourism activities as a function of farm structure, farm financial measures, production practices, and socio-demographic characteristics of the farm operator. To estimate the functional relationships we estimate a binary logistic model where the dependent variable takes a value equal to one if the farm operator reports in the ARMS survey participation in conservation programs, recreation or agritourism. Results show that the level of farm operator education and cultural practices that use conservation technical assistance are significant at the 0.01 and 0.10 levels, respectively, in explaining participation. Farm financial characteristics were not significant. Location (state where operator is located) is also not significant.
    Keywords: multifunctional agriculture, agri-environmental policy, rice, logistic model, Agricultural and Food Policy, Land Economics/Use, Q18, Q26, Q28,
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Penn, Jerrod; Hu, Wuyang; Cox, Linda; Kozloff, Lara
    Abstract: Much of Hawaiiâs economy relies on its unique marine environments, which are threatened by degradation from stormwater runoff. Using a stated preference method of choice-based conjoint (CBC) analysis, based on stylized photographs, this study examines both residentsâ and visitorsâ marginal value for levels of attributes associated with Hawaiian beach recreation. Each attribute (sand quality, water quality, congestion and water safety conditions) was significant for both residents and tourists, with water quality being the single most important attribute. There is little distinction between resident and tourist marginal value, except for a greater value lost for below average water quality among tourists.
    Keywords: Nonmarket Valuation, WTP, Beach, Environmental Economics and Policy, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2012–02
  3. By: Ferreira, Vera (cieo - research centre for spatial and organizational dynamics); Panagopoulos, Thomas (cieo - research centre for spatial and organizational dynamics)
    Abstract: Soil erosion is serious economic and environmental concern. Assessing soil erosion risk in the Alqueva dam watershed is urgently needed to conserve soil and water resources and prevent the accelerated dam siltation, taking into account the possible land-use changes, due to tourism development, intensification of irrigated farming and biomass production, as well as climate change. A comprehensive methodology that integrates Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with geostatistical techniques was adopted to study different land-use and management scenarios. The main objective of this study stage is to determine the soil erosion vulnerability of an agro-silvo pastoral system. The resultant soil erosion map shows an average of 14.1 t/ha/ year, with serious erosion risk (higher than 50 t/ha/year) in 4.3% of area. The highest values are associated mainly to high slopes and low vegetation. The final prediction maps for soil erosion and for each factor considered, can be used as a solid base to create a Decision Support System so as to provide specific procedures for decision-makers, promoting for sustainability of the ecosystems, reducing the risk of erosion and consequently increase lifetime of dam, under various land use and management scenarios
    Keywords: Soil Erosion; Land-use; Geostatistic; RUSLE; Geographic Information System
    JEL: Q01 Q15 Q24
    Date: 2012–01–23
  4. By: Vaz, Eric (cieo - research centre for spatial and organizational dynamics); Walczinska, Agnieszka (Heidelberg University)
    Abstract: Erosion has been a distress on anthropogenic activity since antiquity. The changes in spatial properties in coastal changes in wetland systems have had a constantly mutating morphology, often obliging economic activity to readapt itself to the geomorphological conditions. This has had a profound impact on a common territorial identity based on the land use processes of regions prone to geomorphological change. The case of fisheries in the Algarve for instance, where often local catchments would be a support for economic activity in Mediterranean regions, are a vision of economic and historical activity that has changed, not only due to economic transitions, but also due to availability of resources and natural phenomena such as coastal erosion. Wetland and coastal systems are coined with the existence of over 70% of all human activity, all of these intricate relations of environmental and socio-economic change occur at a spatial level and where economic activity is often present. The manifested physical effect on the geophysical and land changes is evident in the occurring consequences on land cover, but also on land use types and anthropogenic exploration of these areas. A deeper understanding of the changes occurring at territorial level simultaneously on the tendencies on coastal erosion, allow monitoring of most adequate actions in fragile regions. This paper proposes an integrated assessment based on spatial analysis and quantitative spatial methodologies as to allow a methodology of analyzing change, and studying the impacts registered in the valuable stretch of the Ria Formosa in Portugal
    Keywords: Coastal Change; Territorial Dynamics; Spatial Modelling; Coastal Systems; Spatial Analysis
    JEL: Q01 R14 R52
    Date: 2012–01–23
  5. By: Donatella Baiardi (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Pavia); Carluccio Bianchi (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Pavia)
    Abstract: This paper aims to construct a high-frequency coincident indicator of economic activity for Lombardy and for the provinces of Milan and Pavia, by using the dynamic factor model approach introduced by Stock e Watson (1998a e 1998b). The principal component analysis is first used to summarize the information contained in a large dataset in a limited number of common factors capable of capturing the main features of local business fluctuations. The EM (Expectation Maximization) algorithm then allows to compute the desired territorial indicators by taking into account the official annual data on regional GDP or provincial valueadded growth.
    Keywords: Coincident Economic Activity Indicators, Italian Regions, Diffusion Indexes
    JEL: E32 C32 C82
    Date: 2012–01
  6. By: Abello, Francisco J.; Palma, Marco A.; Anderson, David P.; Waller, Mark W.
    Abstract: The primary objective of this paper was to determine key factors impacting the frequency of consumer visits to Texas farmersâ markets measured in number of visits per month. Data obtained from in-person surveys administered in two farmersâ markets locations were used to determine consumer, market factors, and socio-demographic characteristics of shoppers affecting frequency of visits. The results of the model showed that travel distance, number of adults in the household, market promotional characteristics such as entertainment and education activities, food events, as well as education and age were all determinants of frequency of visits to farmersâ markets.
    Keywords: direct marketing, frequency, local, farmersâ markets, Consumer/Household Economics, R11, Q13,
    Date: 2012
  7. By: Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.
    Abstract: The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of natural amenity on farmland values in the contiguous United States using a quantile regression approach and data from the 2006, 2007, and 2008 Agricultural Resource Management Surveys. The contribution of this study is three-fold. First, we explicitly include variables representing natural amenity and soil characteristics of farmland. Second, we employ a quantile regression approach to examine potentially heterogeneous impacts of natural amenity and soil characteristics at different quantiles of farmland values. Third, we utilized data from a nationwide survey of farm household to examine findings in studies using regional data are consistent at a national scale. Our quantile regression analysis offers some insightful results. Natural amenity is positively correlated with farmland values and its impact is often more pronounced at a higher price range of farmland.
    Keywords: Farmland Values, Quantile Regression, Natural Amenity, Environmental Economics and Policy, Land Economics/Use, C14, Q15, Q24,
    Date: 2012

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