nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒11‒21
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. UK Tourists, The Great Recession and Irish Tourism Policy By Callaghan, Niamh; Tol, Richard S. J.
  2. Knowledge Management in Tourism Organizations: Proposal for an Analytical Model By Sequeira, Bernardete; Marques, João Filipe
  3. The Effect of Gambling on Health: Evidence from Canada By Humphreys, Brad; Nyman, John; Ruseski, Jane

  1. By: Callaghan, Niamh; Tol, Richard S. J.
    Abstract: Inbound tourism to Ireland fell sharply in 2009 and 2010. Visits to Ireland from the UK, the dominant country of origin of visitors to Ireland, did not fall faster than UK visits elsewhere. We use micro-data for UK travellers to estimate price elasticities of tourism demand for various market segments. The proposed reduction in the travel tax, and the reduction in the VAT rate for "tourism goods and services" would lead to a modest increase in visitor numbers and expenditure. However, the increase in expenditure is small compared to the foregone tax revenue.
    Keywords: Policy/recession/Tourism/Ireland/taxes
    Date: 2011–10
  2. By: Sequeira, Bernardete (University of Algarve); Marques, João Filipe (University of Algarve)
    Abstract: Tourism is an activity-based service sector in which information and knowledge are fundamental to developing realistic strategies and business plans. This article presents a model that was developed in an investigation called “Organisational Knowledge Management in Tourism Organisations,” which was part of a doctoral degree in Sociology, Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve. This study investigated how Algarve tourist organisations manage knowledge by observing how they create, retain, share and use it. This empirical research is based on a study of three cases that used documental investigation, interviews and questionnaires and the analytic model that is introduced here. We present an analytic model that identifies the different stages of knowledge management (acquisition / knowledge creation, retention / storage, transfer / sharing and use) and the management practices that facilitate it (strategic management, organisational culture, structure and work processes, human resource policies, information systems and communications, evaluation of results and relationship with the environment outside the organisation) based on learning promotion.
    Keywords: Knowledge; Organisational Knowledge Management; Facilitating Practices
    JEL: D83
    Date: 2011–06–30
  3. By: Humphreys, Brad (University of Alberta, Department of Economics); Nyman, John (University of Minnesota); Ruseski, Jane (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: The relationship between gambling and health has important economic and public policy implications. We develop causal evidence about the relationship between recreational gambling and health using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) cycles 2.1, 3.1 and 4.1. Recreational gamblers are gamblers who are classifi ed as "non-problem" gamblers according to the Canadian Problem Gambling Index (CPGI). Gambling is treated as an endogenous regressor in the health equations. The results of instrumental variable and bivariate probit models of participation in gambling and health outcomes indicate that recreational gambling has either no or a negative impact on the probability of having certain chronic conditions. These results differ from studies that find a positive association between problem gambling and adverse health outcomes. Exogeneity tests suggest that gambling is endogenous; hence, empirical methods that address endogeneity are necessary to develop causal evidence of a relationship between gambling and health.
    Keywords: health; government policy; sports; gambling; recreation; tourism
    JEL: I18 L83
    Date: 2011–11–01

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