nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒10‒01
four papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Simulating tourists’ behaviour using multi-agent modelling By Corniglion, Sébastien; Tournois, Nadine
  2. The recreational value of beaches in the Nelson Mandela Bay area, South Africa By Mario Du Preez; Deborah Ellen Lee; Stephen Gerald Hosking
  3. Valuing local environmental amenity: Using discrete choice experiments to control for the spatial scope of improvements By Bruno Lanz; Allan Provins
  4. The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of the Seine Axis (Le Havre, Rouen, Paris, Caen) - France By Olaf Merk; César Ducruet; Patrick Dubarle; Elvira Haezendonck; Michael Dooms

  1. By: Corniglion, Sébastien; Tournois, Nadine
    Abstract: We discuss who should be in charge of providing data relevant to marketing segmentation for the tourism industry. We describe the difficulties of using the most commonly found consumer behavioural models within an information system, and oppose them to a novel approach in marketing segmentation, based on outgoings analysis. We use agent-modelling techniques, based on cellular automaton rules and stochastic processes to implement our model and generate sales data. We then present our algorithm to identify similarly behaved tourists, showing that the commonly used “nationality” variable for segments discrimination is not efficient. We conclude with some test runs results discussion and possible further research tracks.
    Keywords: Simulation; Stochastic processes; Cellular automata; Tourism; Business; Public Policy Issues; Management techniques; Marketing; Market segmentation; Customer behaviour model
    JEL: M31 C63 L83
    Date: 2011–05–19
  2. By: Mario Du Preez; Deborah Ellen Lee; Stephen Gerald Hosking
    Abstract: Using beach visitation data collected via the administration of a questionnaire to 226 respondents, this paper estimates a random utility model of beach recreation. The relative value of selected attributes of beaches is estimated, and the recreational values of lost access to four Blue Flag beaches in the Nelson Mandela Bay area, namely Kings beach, Humewood beach, Hobie beach and Wells Estate beach, respectively are calculated to be R44.73, R24.61, R37.85 and R2.68 per person, per trip.
    Date: 2011
  3. By: Bruno Lanz (Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE), Department of Management, Technology and Economics, ETH Zurich); Allan Provins (Economics for the Environment Consultancy (eftec) ltd., London, U.K.)
    Abstract: We report results from a series of discrete choice experiments designed to elicit preferences for environmental improvements brought about by local regeneration initiatives. Amenities we consider are areas of open space, restoration of derelict properties, outdoor recreation facilities, street cleanliness, public areas, and the provision of paths dedicated to cycling and walking. We include a measure for the spatial coverage of the policy as an attribute, making the trade-off between space and other attributes explicit. The experimental design is selected to efficiently estimate the first order interaction effects between the spatial attribute and the nimprovements based on a constrained version of the D-efficiency criteria. We use a mixed logit model to analyse observed choices and derive a second order Taylor approximation for the mean willingness to pay for marginal improvement in the presence of preference heterogeneity and price insensitive respondents. We find evidence that the spatial scope of improvements affects both the intensity and heterogeneity of preferences. Our results suggest significant economic values in dimensions that are difficult to capture in observed market transaction data, thereby contributing to ex-ante assessment of local regeneration policies.
    Keywords: Non-market valuation, Discrete choice experiments, Spatial analysis, Urban planning, Regeneration policy
    JEL: Q Q28 Q51 R R53 R58 C C21 C35 C81
    Date: 2011–08
  4. By: Olaf Merk; César Ducruet; Patrick Dubarle; Elvira Haezendonck; Michael Dooms
    Abstract: This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the ports of the Seine Axis (Le Havre, Rouen, Caen and Paris), as well as an analysis of the impact of the ports on their territory and an assessment of policies and governance in this field. It examines declining port performance in the last decade and identifies the principal factors that have contributed to it. In addition, the report studies the potential for synergies between the different ports, and surveys impending developments that are likely to influence port performance. The effect of the ports on economic, social and environmental questions is studied and quantified where possible. The value added of the port cluster of Le Havre/Rouen is calculated and its interlinkages with other economic sectors and other regions in France delineated. The paper outlines the impact of the ports' operations, and shows how their activities spill over into other regions. The major policies governing the ports are assessed, along with policies governing transport and economic development, innovation, the environment and spatial planning. These include measures instituted by the port authorities, as well as by local, regional and national governments. Governance mechanisms at these different levels are described and analysed. A port reform package, implemented in 2011, has changed the roles of the principal actors within the ports, and initiatives at the regional level have been intensified. Based on the report's findings, recommendations are proposed with a view to improving port performance and increasing the positive effects of the ports on their territory.
    Keywords: transportation, ports, regional development, regional growth, urban growth, inter-regional trade, input-output
    JEL: D57 L91 R11 R12 R15 R41
    Date: 2011–09–14

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