nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒07‒21
six papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. HERITAGE TOURISM WEBSITE EVALUATION FRAMEWORK By Zahra Pourabedin; Sahimeh Hosseini; Amin Nourizadeh
  2. Long-haul flights and tourist arrivals By Tveteras, Sigbjorn; Roll, Kristin H.
  3. Citations and Impact of ISI Tourism and Hospitality Journals By Michael McAleer; Chia-Lin Chang
  4. Valuing Iconic Design: Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture in Oak Park, Illinois By Gabriel M. Ahfeldt; Alexandra Mastro
  5. Heterogeneity in the Cultural Expenditures of Municipalities. Evidence from Italian Data (1998-2006) By Domenico Depalo; Silvia Fedeli

  1. By: Zahra Pourabedin; Sahimeh Hosseini; Amin Nourizadeh (University Technology Malaysia)
    Abstract: Nowadays, information technology has strong effect on tourism industry hence; heritage tourism which is one of the developing areas is not apart of it. Website evaluation study is one of the interesting areas among all researches have been done on internet usage in tourism industry. Considering the popularity of heritage attractions among tourists, developing a criteria for heritage tourism websites is vital. Due to in-depth interviews and review of related literatures, this study tries to propose a website evaluation framework for heritage tourism websites. The four criteria concluded are, Information content, marketing and value added activities, Information design and relationships
    Keywords: website design, destination marketing, heritage tourism
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06
  2. By: Tveteras, Sigbjorn; Roll, Kristin H.
    Abstract: Travel cost is a barrier for many tourists who wish to visit faraway destinations. This affects exotic tourism destinations located far from key markets since it the great majority of travelers from these markets will find travel cost prohibitively high. However, exotic tourism destinations might attract more visitors if they are able to improve market access through improved international air connectivity. The objective of this study is to test whether an increase in the number of long-haul flights has positive impacts on the number of tourist arrivals. We estimate a dynamic demand model using panel data of tourist arrivals to Peru and flight connections from 75 origin countries spanning the years 2004 to 2009, and find significant positive direct and indirect effects of long haul flights on demand for air travel to Peru.
    Keywords: Air travel demand; nonstop flights; tourism arrivals; Peru
    JEL: L83 R41
    Date: 2011–07–11
  3. By: Michael McAleer (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands, Complutense University of Madrid, and Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University); Chia-Lin Chang (Department of Applied Economics Department of Finance National Chung Hsing University Taichung, Taiwan)
    Abstract: The paper analyses the leading international journals in Tourism and Hospitality Research using quantifiable Research Assessment Measures (RAMs), highlights the similarities and differences in alternative RAMs, shows that several RAMs capture similar performance characteristics of highly cited journals, and shows that some other RAMs have low correlations with each other, and hence add significant informational value. Several RAMs are discussed for the Thomson Reuters ISI Web of Science database (hereafter ISI). Alternative RAMs may be calculated annually or updated daily to answer the questions as to When, Where and How (frequently) published papers are cited. The RAMs include the most widely used RAM, namely the classic 2-year impact factor including journal self citations (2YIF), 2-year impact factor excluding journal self citations (2YIF*), 5-year impact factor including journal self citations (5YIF), Immediacy (or zero-year impact factor (0YIF)), Eigenfactor, Article Influence, C3PO (Citation Performance Per Paper Online), h-index, PI -BETA (Papers Ignored - By Even The Authors), 2-year Self-citation Threshold Approval Ratings (2Y-STAR), Historical Self-citation Threshold Approval Ratings (H-STAR), Impact Factor Inflation (IFI), and Cited Article Influence (CAI). As data are not available for 5YIF, Article Influence and CAI for 11 of the 14 journals considered, 10 RAMs are analysed for 14 highly-cited journals in Tourism and Hospitality in the ISI category of Hospitality, Leisure, Sports & Tourism. Harmonic mean rankings of the 10 RAMs for the 14 highly-cited journals are also presented. It is shown that emphasizing the 2-year impact factor of a journal, which partly answers the question as to When published papers are cited, to the exclusion of other informative RAMs, which answer Where and How (frequently) published papers are cited, can lead to a distorted evaluation of journal impact.
    Keywords: Research assessment measures, Impact factor, IFI, C3PO, PI-BETA, STAR, Eigenfactor, Article Influence, h-index.
    JEL: L83 Y10
    Date: 2011–07
  4. By: Gabriel M. Ahfeldt; Alexandra Mastro
    Abstract: This study investigates the willingness of homebuyers to pay for co-location with iconic architecture. Oak Park, Illinois was chosen as the study area given its unique claim of having 24 residential structures designed by world-famous American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, in addition to dozens of other designated landmarks and three preservation districts. This study adds to the limited body of existing literature on the external price effects of architectural design and is unique in its focus on residential architecture. The results show that an external premium to iconic architecture does exist and that the effect steeply decays with distance.
    Keywords: Frank Lloyd Wright, hedonic analysis, iconic architecture, property prices
    JEL: R21 Z11
    Date: 2011–07
  5. By: Domenico Depalo; Silvia Fedeli
    Abstract: On the basis of a unique dataset referring to all 8,100 Italian municipalities and providing details of their balance-sheets, local governments’ features, socio-demographic and economic indicators, we analyze the determinants of the local cultural expenditures. We exploit the panel nature of the data to explain observable and unobservable heterogeneity. Other than the traditional determinants, we find that per capita cultural expenditures increase with the population size, but decrease with the share of men over total population; immigrants increase local cultural spending only in the long run. The number of years in power of the municipal council also plays a role.
    Keywords: Local public expenditure, cultural expenditure, immigrants, local government choice, Mundlak correction.
    JEL: H72 Z10 C23
    Date: 2011–02
  6. By: Mana Khoshkam; Farideh Asadian; Mohammad Salmani Moghadam (Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Iran); Banafsheh M. Farahani (Universiti Sains Malaysia)
    Abstract: In recent years, tourism industry as a new approach for human coexistence, as well as economic productivity has a significant role in the development theme. It is confirmed that environmental strength is one of the main factors for attracting tourists in order to visit a destination. In this matter Eco-tourism has turned out to be one of the alternatives for countries like Iran with wealthy nature. Iran by its unique nature with 1,648,195 km2 area is surrounded by Caspian Sea in the North, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea in the South. It is also contain desert in central area as well as mountain in the North and North-west. Wetlands are the other natural attraction which quite a number of them are located in different parts of this country. Chaghakhor wetland in Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari province consider as one of them. This paper attempts to review and evaluate the influence of locals’ condition including living condition and economical condition on tourists destination visit. A quantitative method was applied by distributing self administrated questionnaire to tourists visiting the area as well as key holders in the mentioned region. The respondents were asked about the influence of locals’ living condition as well as locals’ economical condition e.g. their occupation, income, and welfare on tourists decision to visit the place. Accordingly, the results of statistical analysis shows that there is not positive relationship between the locals’ living condition and tourists decision making, and it is just tourist attraction which influence their decision to visit the place. The investigation was determined that an individual economical and living condition is one of the most important factors of attracting national and international tourists to visit the destination
    Keywords: Chaghakhor, Wetland, Eco-tourism, Living Condition
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06

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