nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒07‒13
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Tourism in the MED 11 Countries By Robert Lanquar
  2. “How Important to a City Are Tourists and Daytrippers? The Economic Impact of Tourism on The City of Barcelona” By Joaquim Murillo; Esther Vayá; Javier Romaní; Jordi Suriñach

  1. By: Robert Lanquar
    Abstract: For the last two decades, MED11 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestinian Autonomy, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey) have recorded the highest growth rate in inbound world tourism. In the same time, domestic tourism in these countries was growing very fast. MED 11 tourism performances have been astonishing in light of the security risks, natural disasters, oil prices rises and economic uncertainties of the region. The last financial crisis had no severe consequences on this development, which confirmed the resilience of tourism and the huge potential of the MED 11 countries in this sector. This trend was abruptly halted in early 2011 during the Arab Spring, but could resume when the situation stabilizes. This paper questions whether this trend will continue in the period up to 2030 and, for that, provides four different possible scenarios for the development of the tourism sector in MED11 for 2030: (i) reference scenario, (ii) common sustainable development scenario,(iii) polarized (regional) development scenario and (iv) failed development - decline and conflict – scenario. In all cases, international and domestic tourism arrivals will grow. However, security and adjustment to climate change remain the main factors that will strongly influence the development of the tourism sector in MED11 countries.
    Keywords: Mediterranean, domestic tourism, international tourism, security, climate change, tourism indicators, tourism's economic contribution, tourism competitiveness, tourism prospective, tourism scenarios
    JEL: D12 D60 E27 F47 H54 O53 O55
    Date: 2011
  2. By: Joaquim Murillo (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Esther Vayá (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Javier Romaní (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Jordi Suriñach (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: In this paper, we devise a methodology that is able to objectively quantify the impact of tourism on the urban economy. This methodology takes various dimensions into account. First, to analyse the impact at sectoral level, it should bear in mind that tourism is a "cross-sectional" activity which affects many sectors, both directly and indirectly. Therefore, it is important to consider the impact of urban tourism on sectors traditionally defined as "tourism-related" (that is, hotels, restaurants, shops, etc.) but also its impact on other sectors (for instance, textiles, food, construction, to name only a few) due to the intersectoral relationships that emerge. Second, we need to calculate the percentage of the turnover of each sector that is due to the tourism industry. Third, it is important to establish the geographic distribution of this impact: how is the effect shared between the city and its neighbouring areas? Finally, the effect of urban tourism should be quantified not only in terms of turnover, but also in terms of its contribution to GDP and employment.
    Keywords: Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism; Input–Output Tables and Analysis;Allocative Efficiency; Cost–Benefit Analysis algorithms. JEL classification:
    Date: 2011–06
  3. By: Akmal Abdul Manap; Othman Aman (Faculty of Technology Management and Technopreneurship, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia); Filda Rahmiati
    Abstract: This study investigates the level of awareness and determines tourism innovation impact to the quality of life (QOL) of residents. The main study aims that residents’ of tourism innovation impacts (economic, social, cultural, and environmental) affects their satisfaction of particular life domains. Accordingly, the study proposed three major hypotheses: (1) tourism innovation impacts affects their QOL (economy) in the community, (2) tourism innovation impacts affects their QOL impacts affects their QOL (social) in the community. The sample population consisting of residents residing in Melaka River was surveyed
    Keywords: tourism innovation, quality of life, sungai Melaka, tourism and local community
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06

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