nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒07‒02
six papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Assessing the impact of terrorism on travel activity in Greece By Helen Gazopoulou
  2. Le rôle des cognitions environnementales dans la valorisation économique des produits et des services touristiques By Moalla, M.; Mollard, A.
  3. Measuring the Economic and Cultural Values of Historic Heritage Places By Throsby, David; Deodhar, Vinita; Hanna, Bronwyn; Jewell, Bronwyn; OâConnor, Zena; Zednik, Anita
  4. Agritourism and Direct Agricultural Marketing in Washington State: An Industry Profile By Gregmar Galinato; Suzette Galinato; Hayley Chouinard; Mykel Taylor; Phil Wandschneider
  5. Non Use Economic Values of Marine Protected Areas in the South-West Marine Region By Gillespie, Robert; Bennett, Jeff
  6. Structura balanţei serviciilor şi tendinţele evolutive ale acesteia By Juravle, Daniel

  1. By: Helen Gazopoulou (Bank of Greece)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to assess the volatility of Greek travel receipts by considering the extent to which terrorist strikes can bring about serious unexpected disturbances to the proceeds from tourism.The paper shows that the impact of terrorist attacks at an international level is not expected to bring about a considerable decline of the number of arrivals to Greece. This finding seems consistent with other sources in the literature that argue in favour of the transitory impact of terrorist attacks on the flow of tourists to a specific destination
    Keywords: Terrorism; Tourism; Current Account
    JEL: H56 L83
    Date: 2011–04
  2. By: Moalla, M.; Mollard, A.
    Abstract: Cet article présente une analyse de la différenciation des produits et services touristiques dans les espaces ruraux que nous appelons "différenciation cognitive". Il montre comment les cognitions environnementales sont à l’origine d’une interaction positive entre qualité de l’environnement et achat de produits et services touristiques de qualité. Cet ancrage environnemental crée une demande rigide pour ces produits et services liés, qui favorise l’émergence de différentiels de prix élevés, source de rentes.. La première partie montre comment la relation entre activités touristiques et services environnementaux se construit à travers les cognitions environnementales (attitude, croyances, vécu affectif). La deuxième partie met en évidence la valorisation conjointe des services environnementaux et des produits de qualité terroir dans le cas du tourisme rural dans les Baronnies à partir d’une enquête réalisée auprès de locataires et propriétaires de gîtes durant l'été 2003.
    JEL: Q26 Q51 R12
    Date: 2011
  3. By: Throsby, David; Deodhar, Vinita; Hanna, Bronwyn; Jewell, Bronwyn; OâConnor, Zena; Zednik, Anita
    Abstract: This research project on the valuation of cultural heritage is developing a methodology for a quantitative valuation study of the use and non-use values of historic heritage places. The methodology developed in this project will provide a template for subsequent empirical applications to generate data of use in the formulation of heritage policies and programs. The initial stages in reaching this larger objective have involved determining how historic heritage places are to be categorised for measurement, establishing the process by which heritage attributes will be determined for valuation, and developing and trialling an effective measurement framework. The principal techniques being developed for valuation assessment in the project are derived from choice-modelling (CM) and contingent-valuation methods (CVM). A particular focus of the project is on the systematic integration of cultural and economic value assessments within a consistent theoretical framework, reflecting the need for an economic perspective on the significance criteria currently in use in heritage policy in Australia.
    Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development, Environmental Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2010–11
  4. By: Gregmar Galinato; Suzette Galinato; Hayley Chouinard; Mykel Taylor; Phil Wandschneider (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)
    Abstract: The objective of this report is to take stock of the activities, motivations, impacts and challenges faced by the farms in Washington as they relate to agritourism and direct marketing. We characterize the agritourism entrepreneurship and direct marketing activities in different counties of the State through a direct survey of industry respondents. Also, we determine the extent to which Washington’s agritourism and direct marketing industry attracts local and foreign tourists. We find that the direct marketing industry in the State is well established but the agritourism activities are still developing. Most farms that conduct agritourism are small farms (with less than $250,000 of total sales), whereas direct marketing farms vary in size and include some larger farms in terms of sales. The primary reasons for operating are to earn additional income and educate the local populace regarding agricultural and local activities which illustrates economic and altruistic motives for farmers. Respondents feel that the main obstacles to the industry are State laws and regulations and concerns about liability. Farm operators in the industry rely on social networks to enhance production capacity as well as help increase demand for their product or service. Development of social networks may help overcome current and future obstacles of farms leading to overall growth of the industry.
    Keywords: agritourism, direct agricultural marketing, Washington State
    JEL: Q12 Q13
    Date: 2010–10
  5. By: Gillespie, Robert; Bennett, Jeff
    Abstract: Australian governments are committed to the expansion of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Australian waters and have already established over 200 MPAs. However, this policy direction has a range of costs and benefits for the community which have largely remained unquantified. One of the main benefits of establishing MPAs are the non use values that the community for the protection of marine biodiversity. This study uses a dichotomous choice contingent valuation format with follow-up open-ended willingness to pay question to estimate these non use values for the establishment of MPAs in South-west Marine Region of Australia. It was found that on average Australian households would be WTP $104 for the establishment of MPAs that cover 10% of the South-west Marine Region. Aggregating this mean WTP estimate to 50% of the population of Australian households gives an aggregate WTP of $400M. However, whether the establishment of MPAs in the South-west Marine Region is economically efficient requires a consideration of all the potential costs and benefits. Other relevant costs and benefits for inclusion in a benefit cost analysis would include those associated with displacement of commercial and non-commercial uses, additional planning, compliance and monitoring costs as well as any predicted increases in commercial and non-commercial use values. If the net costs of establishing MPA over 10% of the South-west Marine Region are less than $400M, then the non-use benefits of establishing MPAs would exceed the other net costs and it would be considered to be economically efficient and desirable from a community welfare perspective. Given the difficulties of estimating precise WTP values from dichotomous choice data, any BCA of MPAs in the South-west Marine Region, incorporating the results of this study, should undertake sensitivity testing that includes the range of values reported including dichotomous choice and openended means to determine the robustness of BCA results to variations in the welfare estimate
    Keywords: Environmental Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2010–12
  6. By: Juravle, Daniel
    Abstract: In developed economies the high material production of the goods satisfy new and diversified necessities. Individual and social needs in a permanent dynamic have determined the need to develop services faster than the speed of diversification of properties. Mostly modern economy is producing and consuming services. Dynamic needs influence the division of labor, considered by the experts another case, together with dynamics of needs, the growing role of services sector in the economy. On the one hand, division of labor develops collaborative relationships between suppliers of raw materials, goods manufacturers and service providers, and on the other hand, it deeps the economic competition and struggle to conquer a bigger market share. In an economy based on services are mainly produced, their complementary goods. Satisfying as more and better consumer requirements are based on both quality of services due to increasing competition and the use of complementary goods, Statistics made on tourism management and services. Services have become an important sector of world economy wich continues to grow up, encompassing most of the production and employment, in most industrialized countries. Approximately 70% of total aggregate production from OECD countries is generated by service activities, which absorb a proportion similar to the active workforce. Also, the major changes in the sectoral structure of esteuropean economies, significantly correlated with GDP growth, the number of jobs and increased international trade, led to a substantial change in the service sector in these countries and persists, however, the differences from developed countries and between different countries in transition, regardind the role and performance of service sector.
    Keywords: services; balance of payments ; employment; tourism; Romania
    JEL: F37 F4 G2 D5 E6 F36 H6
    Date: 2011–06–21

This nep-tur issue is ©2011 by Antonello Scorcu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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