nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒06‒04
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Labor Market Effects of the World Cup: A Sectoral Analysis By Robert Baumann; Bryan Engelhardt; Victor Matheson
  2. Ten years of cultural development in Sibiu: The European cultural capital and beyond By Richards, Greg; Rotariu, Ilie
  3. Small retailing, town centres and inland territories: An “Extended Town Centre Management” perspective By Musso, Fabio
  4. An Input-output Analysis of Impact of Voluntary Self-restraint on the Recreation Industries By Nobuhiro Hosoe
  5. The Economic Impact of the Horse Industry in Virginia By Terance J. Rephann

  1. By: Robert Baumann (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Bryan Engelhardt (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Victor Matheson (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)
    Abstract: This paper provides an empirical examination of impact the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States on local employment. In contrast to ex ante economic impact reports that suggest large increases in employment due to the tournament, an ex post examination of employment in 9 host metropolitan areas finds no significant impact on employment from hosting World Cup games. Furthermore, an analysis of employment in specific sectors of the economy finds no impact from hosting games on employment in the leisure and hospitality and professional and business services sectors but a statistically significant negative impact on employment in the retail trade sector.
    Keywords: World Cup, soccer, impact analysis, mega-event, tourism
    JEL: L83 O18 R53 J21
    Date: 2011–05
  2. By: Richards, Greg; Rotariu, Ilie
    Abstract: This study presents the results of a ten year monitoring programme on cultural and tourism development in the city of Sibiu. Over the ten year research period the programme expanded to cover a wide range of data sources, including resident and visitor surveys, stakeholder interviews and secondary statistical data. The research started at a fairly low level with studies of single events in the cultural agenda of Sibiu. The programme was significantly expanded in 2007 thanks to the staging of the European Capital of Culture in the city. Support from the ECOC allowed the scale of the research to be increased. Since 2007 the Lucian Blaga University has continued to collect data using its own resources. This study is unique as it is probably the first long-term study of the cultural and tourism development of a city in a former Socialist country in Central and Eastern Europe. The data in the current report build on and extend the analysis provided in the earlier report “The Impact of the 2007 European Cultural Capital in Sibiu: A long term perspective”, published in 2010. This research includes a number of different elements: regular surveys of residents and visitors, analysis of tourism flows and other statistics, Interviews with stakeholders in the city, Data from the regular surveys carried out by ATLAS in other parts of Europe. This report provides a summary of some of the major findings of the research to date, mainly based on the resident and visitor surveys.
    Keywords: cultural tourism; European Cultural Capital; Sibiu
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2011–05
  3. By: Musso, Fabio
    Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the public policies that can be adopted in order to support small retail firms located in town centers and countryside small towns. The role of small retailing has been recognized for the preservation of an economic, social and cultural identity of both town centers and rural/mountain areas. The field of this analysis is more extended than that covered by the Town Centre Management (TCM) literature, that is mainly focused on city centers. In this case the study is also addressed to smaller towns and inland areas. A case study of an Italian province has been conducted with the objective to underline the main factors that need to be considered by local administrators for the adoption of coordinated policies.
    Keywords: Town Center Management; small retailing; urban planning; rural development
    JEL: R50 O21
    Date: 2011
  4. By: Nobuhiro Hosoe (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)
    Abstract: We quantified the impact of the decreased recreation demand caused by voluntary self-restraint following the Great East Japan Earthquake. We assumed an exogenous 10% reduction of the private consumption demand for three recreation industries experiencing decrease in demand due to “self-restraint”: amusement and recreational services, eating and drinking places, and accommodations. We used a simple input-output model and found that their decline would reduce agriculture, fishery and related manufacturing sector output by about 2% and that of electricity, gas supply, water supply and waste management service by at most 1% through the input-output linkages.
    Keywords: the Great East Japan Earthquake, Voluntary Self-restraint, Input-output Analysis, Inter-sectoral Linkages, Recreation Industry
    Date: 2011–05
  5. By: Terance J. Rephann (Center for Economic and Policy Studies)
    Abstract: This paper examines the economic impact of Virginia\'s horse industry using input-output analysis. Statewide impacts are further disaggregated into three categories: (1) expenditures on horse maintenance and support by horse owners and operations, (2) expenditures on horse shows and competitions, and (3) expenditures associated with pari-mutuel racing activities. Results indicate a total economic impact of 16,091 jobs and $670 million in value-added impact.
    Keywords: horse, racing, economic impact, input-output
    JEL: Q19 R00
    Date: 2011–04–04

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